Frases de Dorothy Day

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Dorothy Day

Data de nascimento: 8. Novembro 1897
Data de falecimento: 29. Novembro 1980

Publicidade

Dorothy Day foi uma jornalista estadunidense, ativista social, anarquista, que posteriormente se converteu ao catolicismo. Na década de 1930 Day trabalhou junto com seu companheiro o ativista Peter Maurin para estabelecer um Movimento Operário Católico, um movimento não-violento e pacifista que continuasse a combinar ajuda direta aos pobres e desabrigados com ações diretas não violentas em seu favor.

Seu pai, John, era um jornalista esportivo de origem irlandesa, e sua mãe, Grace Day Satterlee, era inglesa. Quando criança, mudou-se com a família para São Francisco, mas o terremoto de 1906 causou a perda do emprego de seu pai, e a família se mudou para Chicago, onde seu pai progrediu na carreira e chegou a ser editor-chefe. Dorothy, na época era da Igreja Episcopal, e teve contato com os pobres que habitavam os bairros mais degradados do parte sul da cidade, onde começou a despertar sua preocupação com pobres.

Em 1914, recebeu uma bolsa para estudar no Urbana College de Illinois, onde teve oportunidade de estudar escritores como Tolstói, Sinclair Lewis e Piotr Kropotkin, o que aumentou seu senso de justiça social. Em 1916, deixou a faculdade e mudou-se com sua família de volta para Nova Iorque.

Entre 1917 e 1921, Dorothy trabalhou como jornalista na publicação marxista "The Call, The Masses, and The Liberator", onde escreveu sobre boicotes, controle da natalidade e movimentos pela paz. Naquela época de sua vida, rejeitava o cristianismo por causa de sua "hipocrisia". Ela se juntou ao "Industrial Workers of the World" e participou círculos intelectuais em Greenwich Village. Em 1918, foi presa por participar de protestos pacifistas e sufragistas, e, depois disso, sentiu a necessidade de se identificar com as pessoas pobres mais diretamente, e passou a atuar como uma enfermeira estagiária no Brooklyn. Nessa época, também teve um relacionamento romântico o jornalista Lionel Moise, que resultou em um aborto. Depois disso teve um casamento breve e infeliz com Barkeley Tober, um promotor literário de Nova Iorque

Entre 1920 e 1924, Dorothy parou seu ativismo político para viajar pela Europa. Nesse período, publicou The Eleventh Virgin, um romance autobiográfico que abordou o conflito entre ação social e a vida pessoal. Ao voltar para Staten Island , ela entrou em uma união estável com o biólogo e anarquista Forster Batterham.

Em 1927, deu à luz a Tamar Teresa Hennessy. Nesse período, Dorothy se aproximou da Igreja Católica e foi batizada conjuntamente com sua filha. Tal fato levou a uma ruptura definitiva com Batterham e diversos amigos ateus. Dorothy se aproximou da Igreja Católica, pois a via como a "Igreja dos pobres". Nessa época, Dorothy participou também de marchas ao lado dos comunistas para pedir auxílio para os desempregados, assistência médica e materno-infantil para os pobres.

Por um pequeno período de tempo trabalhou como como roteirista para um estúdio de Hollywood. Dorothy começou a conciliar sua fé cristã com as crenças comunistas, escrevendo para a revista católica Commonweal. Em dezembro de 1932, ela fundou o Movimento Operário Católico juntamente com o Padre e ativista social Peter Maurin. O Movimento sustentava a transformação dos indivíduos em vez da transformação das relações políticas e econômicas. O jornal contava com um jornal chamado The Catholic Worker, que foi vendido pela primeira vez em 1º de maio de 1933, por apenas um centavo. Dorothy acreditava que os trabalhadores não poderiam defender a justiça econômica sem trabalhar para realizá-la, e, em 1934, fundou, juntamentement com Maurin, a Casa de São José de Hospitalidade, um refúgio para as pessoas desempregadas pela Crise Econômica iniciada em 1929. Em 1940, a circulação do jornal chegou a 185 mil exemplares por edição e já funcionavam 30 abrigos e comunidades agrícolas de estilo cooperativo para amparar os desempregados, inspiradas na iniciativa de Dorothy.

Após a morte de Peter Maurin, em 1949, Dorothy continuou a liderar o Movimento Operário Católico. Em 1980 estavam em funcionamento, cerca de setenta abrigos. Durante sua vida, Dorothy fez vistas a diversos países e publicou vários livros, incluindo sua autobiografia . Faleceu em 1980, em um abrigo em Nova Iorque, trabalhando com gente pobre comum para a mudança social.

Durante toda a sua vida, Dorothy publicou oito livros e mais do que 1.350 artigos. Em 2009, ainda estavam em funcionamento cerca de 130 abrigos da instituição fundada por Dorothy, em trinta e dois estados norte-americanos e em oito países estrangeiros.

Para a economia foi influenciada por um modelo criado por Gilbert Keith Chesterton baseada nos ensinamentos sociais da Igreja e conhecido como “distributismo”.

Uma figura reverenciada no âmbito da comunidade católica estadunidense, Day tem sido considerada para canonização pela Igreja Católica.

== Referências ==

Citações Dorothy Day

Publicidade

„The absolutist begins a work, others take it up and try to spread it. Our problems stem from our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: What I want to bring out is how a pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. And each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. Going to jail for distributing leaflets advocating war tax refusal causes a ripple of thought, of conscience among us all. And of remembrance too. …. There may be ever improving standards of living in the U. S., with every worker eventually owning his own home and driving his own car; but our modern economy is based on preparation for war. … The absolutist begins a work, others take it up and try to spread it. Our problems stem from our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system. As quoted in Women on War : Essential Voices for the Nuclear Age (1988), by Daniela Gioseffi, p. 103 Variant: A pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. Each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. No one has a right to sit down and feel hopeless. There's too much work to do. As quoted in Singing the Living Tradition (1993) by the Unitarian Universalist Association, p. 560

„We have all known the long loneliness and we have learned that the only solution is love and that love comes with community.“

— Dorothy Day, The Long Loneliness: The Autobiography of the Legendary Catholic Social Activist
The Long Loneliness (1952), p. 286

Publicidade

„A Jewish convert said to me once, "The Communists hate God, and the Catholics love Him. But they are both facing Him, directing their attention to Him. They are not indifferent.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: A Jewish convert said to me once, "The Communists hate God, and the Catholics love Him. But they are both facing Him, directing their attention to Him. They are not indifferent. Communists are not in so bad a case as those who are indifferent. It is the lukewarm that He will spew out of His mouth." From Union Square to Rome (1938)

„For some weeks now my problem is this: What to do about the open immorality (and of course I mean sexual morality) in our midst.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: For some weeks now my problem is this: What to do about the open immorality (and of course I mean sexual morality) in our midst. It is like the last times--there is nothing hidden that shall not be revealed.... We have one young [prostitute], drunken, promiscuous, pretty as a picture, college educated, mischievous, able to talk her way out of any situation--so far. She comes to us when she is drunk and beaten and hungry and cold and when she is taken in, she is liable to crawl into the bed of any man on the place. We do not know how many she has slept with on the farm. What to do? What to do? 26 June 1971

„What I want to bring out is how a pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. And each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: What I want to bring out is how a pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. And each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. Going to jail for distributing leaflets advocating war tax refusal causes a ripple of thought, of conscience among us all. And of remembrance too. …. There may be ever improving standards of living in the U. S., with every worker eventually owning his own home and driving his own car; but our modern economy is based on preparation for war. … The absolutist begins a work, others take it up and try to spread it. Our problems stem from our acceptance of this filthy, rotten system. As quoted in Women on War : Essential Voices for the Nuclear Age (1988), by Daniela Gioseffi, p. 103 Variant: A pebble cast into a pond causes ripples that spread in all directions. Each one of our thoughts, words and deeds is like that. No one has a right to sit down and feel hopeless. There's too much work to do. As quoted in Singing the Living Tradition (1993) by the Unitarian Universalist Association, p. 560

„The attraction is strong, because both men literally laid down their lives for their brothers. "Greater love hath no man than this." "Let me say, at the risk of seeming ridiculous, that the true revolutionary is guided by great feelings of love." Che Guevara wrote this,“

— Dorothy Day
Context: "What do you mean by anarchist-pacifist?" First, I would say that the two words should go together, especially … when more and more people, even priests, are turning to violence, and are finding their heroes in Camillo Torres among the priests, and Che Guevara among laymen. The attraction is strong, because both men literally laid down their lives for their brothers. "Greater love hath no man than this." "Let me say, at the risk of seeming ridiculous, that the true revolutionary is guided by great feelings of love." Che Guevara wrote this, and he is quoted by Chicano youth in El Grito Del Norte. "On Pilgrimage — Our Spring Appeal," Catholic Worker (May 1970)

Publicidade

„We must make a start. We must renounce war as an instrument of policy.... Even as I speak to you I may be guilty of what some men call treason.... You young men should refuse to take up arms. Young women tear down the patriotic posters. And all of you — young and old — put away your flags.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: There is now all this patriotic indignation about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and Japanese expansionism in Asia. Yet not a word about American and European expansionism in the same area.... We must make a start. We must renounce war as an instrument of policy.... Even as I speak to you I may be guilty of what some men call treason.... You young men should refuse to take up arms. Young women tear down the patriotic posters. And all of you — young and old — put away your flags. Speech to Liberal-Socialist Alliance, New York City (8 December 1941), as quoted in From Megaphones to Microphones (2003) by Sandra J. Sarkela et al.

„It is the lukewarm that He will spew out of His mouth."“

— Dorothy Day
Context: A Jewish convert said to me once, "The Communists hate God, and the Catholics love Him. But they are both facing Him, directing their attention to Him. They are not indifferent. Communists are not in so bad a case as those who are indifferent. It is the lukewarm that He will spew out of His mouth." From Union Square to Rome (1938)

„I could only say that I believe in the Roman Catholic Church and all she teaches. I have accepted Her authority with my whole heart. At the same time I want to point out to you that we are taught to pray for final perseverance. We are taught that faith is a gift, and sometimes I wonder why some have it and some do not. I feel my own unworthiness and can never be grateful enough to God for His gift of faith.“

— Dorothy Day
Context: I had a conversation with John Spivak, the Communist writer, a few years ago, and he said to me, "How can you believe? How can you believe in the Immaculate Conception, in the Virgin birth, in the Resurrection?" I could only say that I believe in the Roman Catholic Church and all she teaches. I have accepted Her authority with my whole heart. At the same time I want to point out to you that we are taught to pray for final perseverance. We are taught that faith is a gift, and sometimes I wonder why some have it and some do not. I feel my own unworthiness and can never be grateful enough to God for His gift of faith. St. Paul tells us that if we do not correspond to the graces we receive, they will be withdrawn. So I believe also that we should walk in fear, "work out our salvation in fear and trembling." From Union Square to Rome (1938), pp. 144-45

„I was always much impressed, in reading prison memoirs of revolutionists, such as Lenin and Trotsky … by the amount of reading they did, the languages they studied, the range of their plans for a better social order. (Or rather, for a new social order.)“

— Dorothy Day
Context: I was always much impressed, in reading prison memoirs of revolutionists, such as Lenin and Trotsky … by the amount of reading they did, the languages they studied, the range of their plans for a better social order. (Or rather, for a new social order.) In the Acts of the Apostles there are constant references to the Way and the New Man. "On Pilgrimage," Catholic Worker (December 1968)

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