Frases de Daniel Boorstin
Data de nascimento: 1. Outubro 1914
Data de falecimento: 28. Fevereiro 2004
Daniel Joseph Boorstin foi um historiador, professor, advogado e escritor norte-americano. Foi diretor da Biblioteca do Congresso Americano entre 1975 e 1987.
Boorstin teve como uma de suas obras mais importantes o livro The Image [A imagem], no qual trata das influências das mídias no comportamento social.
O autor se debruça, sobretudo, sobre a questão dos pseudo-eventos que conceitua como criações da mídia para patrocinar a imagem pública das celebridades, que por sua vez são conhecidas apenas por suas imagens e não por seus atos ou feitos.
Recebeu o Prémio Pulitzer de História em 1974 por The Americans: The Democratic Experience.
Citações Daniel Boorstin
„É um lugar comum de nosso tempo afirmar que esta nação precisa de cidadãos bem informados. (…) Eu, pelo contrário, proponho que precisamos - em qualquer país verdadeiramente livre - de cidadãos que tenham conhecimento.“
BOORSTIN, D. Remarks by Daniel Boorstin, the Librarian of Congress, at White House Conference on Library and Information Science, Journal of information Science, p. 111-113, 1980. http://www.webquest.futuro.usp.br/artigos/textos_rafael.html
„The American citizen thus lives in a world where fantasy is more real than reality, where the image has more dignity than its original. We hardly dare face our bewilderment, because our ambiguous experience is so pleasantly iridescent, and the solace of belief in contrived reality is so thoroughly real. We have become eager accessories to the great hoaxes of the age. These are the hoaxes we play on ourselves.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 37.
The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961)
Contexto: We suffer primarily not from our vices or our weaknesses, but from our illusions. We are haunted, not by reality, but by those images we have put in their place.
„These creators, makers of the new, can never become obsolete, for in the arts there is no correct answer.“
— Daniel J. Boorstin, livro The Creators
The Creators: A History of Heroes of the Imagination (1992) (Vintage edition, 1993, ), Preface, p. XV.
Contexto: These creators, makers of the new, can never become obsolete, for in the arts there is no correct answer. The story of discoverers could be told in simple chronological order, since the latest science replaces what went before. But the arts are another story — a story of infinite addition. We must find order in the random flexings of the imagination.
A Case of Hypochondria, Newsweek (6 July 1970).
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„The cities of Italy are now deluged with droves of these creatures [tour groups], for they never separate, and you see them, forty in number, pouring along a street with their director — now in front, now at the rear, circling them like a sheep dog — and really the process is as like herding as may be.“
Charles James Lever, Cornelius O'Dowd Upon Men and Women and Other Things in General (Blackwood's Magazine, 1864-1865): "Continental Excursionists" [Adamant Media Corporation, 2001, ISBN 0-543-90729-5</small>], p. 243. Quoted by Boorstin in The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961) [Vintage edition, 1992, <small>ISBN 0-679-74180-1], Ch. 3: From Traveler to Tourist: The Lost Art of Travel, p. 88.
„These pseudo‑events which flood our consciousness must be distinguished from propaganda. The two do have some characteristics in common. But our peculiar problems come from the fact that pseudo‑events are in some respects the opposite of the propaganda which rules totalitarian countries. Propaganda — as prescribed, say, by Hitler in Mein Kampf — is information intentionally biased. Its effect depends primarily on its emotional appeal. While a pseudo‑event is an ambiguous truth, propaganda is an appealing falsehood. Pseudo‑events thrive on our honest desire to be informed, to have “all the facts,” and even to have more facts than there really are.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 34.
„Our attitude toward our own culture has recently been characterized by two qualities, braggadocio and petulance. Braggadocio —- empty boasting of American power, American virtue, American know-how —- has dominated our foreign relations now for some decades. … Here at home —- within the family, so to speak —- our attitude to our culture expresses a superficially different spirit, the spirit of petulance. Never before, perhaps, has a culture been so fragmented into groups, each full of its own virtue, each annoyed and irritated at the others.“
Foreword to America and the image of Europe: Reflections on American Thought, Meridian Books, 1960, as cited in: Robert Andrews (1993) The Columbia Dictionary of Quotations https://books.google.com/books?id=4cl5c4T9LWkC&lpg=PA207&dq=Our%20attitude%20toward%20our%20own%20culture%20has%20recently%20been%20characterized%20by%20two%20qualities%2C%20braggadocio%20and%20petulance.&pg=PA207#v=onepage&q&f=false, Columbia University Press, p. 207.
„By a diabolical irony the very facsimiles of the world which we make on purpose to bring it within our grasp, to make it less elusive, have transported us into a new world of blurs.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 213.
„As individuals and as a nation, we now suffer from social narcissism. The beloved Echo of our ancestors, the virgin America. has been abandoned. We have fallen in love with our own image, with images of our making, which turn out to be images of ourselves.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 257.
„Pseudo‑events do, of course, increase our illusion of grasp on the world, what some have called the American illusion of omnipotence. Perhaps, we come to think, the world’s problems can really be settled by “statements,” by “Summit” meetings, by a competition of “prestige,” by overshadowing images, and by political quiz shows.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 44.
„Technology is so much fun but we can drown in our technology. The fog of information can drive out knowledge.“
As quoted by Barbara Gamarekian in Working Profile: Daniel J. Boorstin. Helping the Library of Congress Fulfill Its Mission http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/09/06/specials/boorstin-working.html, The New York Times (July 8, 1983).
„The image, more interesting than its original, has become the original. The shadow has become the substance.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 204.
„Pseudo‑events spawn other pseudo‑events in geometric progression. This is partly because every kind of pseudo-event (being planned) tends to become ritualized, with a protocol and a rigidity all its own. As each type of pseudo-event acquires this rigidity, pressures arise to produce other, derivative, forms of pseudo‑event which are more fluid, more tantalizing, and more interestingly ambiguous.“
Fonte: The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America (1961), p. 33.
„The institutional scene in which American man has developed has lacked that accumulation from intervening stages which has been so dominant a feature of the European landscape.“
Introduction, part 2: The Influence of America on the Mind, p. 6.
The Lost World of Thomas Jefferson (1948)