Frases de Clemente de Alexandria

Clemente de Alexandria photo
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Clemente de Alexandria

Data de nascimento: 150
Data de falecimento: 215
Outros nomes: Kléméns Alexandrijský, Klemens von Alexandria, Clemens von Alexandrien

Clemente de Alexandria ou Tito Flávio Clemente foi um escritor, teólogo, apologista cristão grego nascido em Atenas.

Pesquisou as lendas menos compatíveis com os valores cristãos. Sua abertura a fontes familiares aos não cristãos ajudou a tornar o cristianismo mais aceitável para muitos deles.

Clemente foi um erudito numa época em que os cristãos eram geralmente pouco letrados. Não obstante, foi capaz de construir argumentos lógicos convincentes, baseados nas escrituras e na filosofia, a favor do cristianismo e contra os gnósticos de Valentim, que, baseados em Alexandria - o mais importante centro de atividade intelectual da época - estavam em plena expansão.

Defendeu a fraternidade e a repartição das riquezas entre os homens, observado livre-arbítrio:

“Deus criou o gênero humano para a comunicação e a comunhão de uns com os outros, como ele, que começou a repartir do seu e a todos os homens proveu seu Logos comum, e tudo fez por todos. Logo tudo é comum, e não pretendam os ricos ter mais que os outros. Da homilia Quis dives salvetur? , baseada na história de Jesus e o jovem rico .

"De sorte que não é rico aquele que possui e guarda mas aquele que dá; e este dar, não o possuir, faz o homem feliz. Portanto, o fruto da alma é essa prontidão em dar. Logo na alma está o ser rico." .

Eusébio de Cesareia considerava Clemente um incomparável mestre da filosofia e, para São Jerônimo, Clemente foi um dos mais erudito da época.

Clemente de Alexandria é tido como santo na Igreja Ortodoxa e entre os católicos orientais. Na Igreja Católica Apostólica Romana, porém, não houve canonização. Wikipedia

Citações Clemente de Alexandria

„Ter relações sexuais sem o propósito de ter filhos é agredir à Natureza.“

—  Clemente de Alexandria

coire, quam ad liberorum procreationem, est facere injuriam naturæ
Clemente de Alexandria; O Instrutor das Crianças 2:10:95:3
The Instructor (Complete) - Página 507 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=kRqQ1ChclJoC&pg=PA507, OrthodoxEbooks

„As we are clearly aware that the Savior teaches His people nothing in a merely human way, but everything by a divine and mystical wisdom, we must not understand His words literally [σαρκίνως] but with due inquiry and intelligence we must search out and master their hidden meaning.“

—  Clement of Alexandria

Original: (el) δεῖ δὲ σαφῶς εἰδότας ὡς οὐδὲν ἀνθρωπίνως ὁ σωτήρ, ἀλλὰ πάντα θείᾳ σοφίᾳ καὶ μυστικῇ διδάσκει τοὺς ἑαυτοῦ, μὴ σαρκίνως ἀκροᾶσθαι τῶν λεγομένων, ἀλλὰ τὸν ἐν αὐτοῖς κεκρυμμένον νοῦν μετὰ τῆς ἀξίας ζητήσεως καὶ συνέσεως ἐρευνᾶν καὶ καταμανθάνειν.
Fonte: The Rich Man's Salvation, p. 281.

„To me, therefore, that Thracian Orpheus, that Theban, and that Methymnaean,--men, and yet unworthy of the name,--seem to have been deceivers, who, under the pretence of poetry corrupting human life, possessed by a spirit of artful sorcery for purposes of destruction, celebrating crimes in their orgies, and making human woes the materials of religious worship, were the first to entice men to idols; nay, to build up the stupidity of the nations with blocks of wood and stone,--that is, statues and images,--subjecting to the yoke of extremest bondage the truly noble freedom of those who lived as free citizens under heaven by their songs and incantations. But not such is my song, which has come to loose, and that speedily, the bitter bondage of tyrannizing demons; and leading us back to the mild and loving yoke of piety, recalls to heaven those that had been cast prostrate to the earth. It alone has tamed men, the most intractable of animals; the frivolous among them answering to the fowls of the air, deceivers to reptiles, the irascible to lions, the voluptuous to swine, the rapacious to wolves. The silly are stocks and stones, and still more senseless than stones is a man who is steeped in ignorance. As our witness, let us adduce the voice of prophecy accordant with truth, and bewailing those who are crushed in ignorance and folly: "For God is able of these stones to raise up children to Abraham;" and He, commiserating their great ignorance and hardness of heart who are petrified against the truth, has raised up a seed of piety, sensitive to virtue, of those stones--of the nations, that is, who trusted in stones. Again, therefore, some venomous and false hypocrites, who plotted against righteousness, he once called "a brood of vipers."“

—  Clement of Alexandria

But if one of those serpents even is willing to repent, and follows the Word, he becomes a man of God.
Exhortation to the Heathen

„He alone can remit sins who is appointed our Master by the Father of all; He only is able to discern obedience from disobedience.“

—  Clement of Alexandria

As quoted in 'Noble Thoughts in Noble Language (1871) edited by Henry Southgate, p. 2.

„Men who offer laudatory speeches to the rich … are impious, because, while neglecting to praise and glorify the only perfect and good God, from whom are all things and through whom are all things and to whom are all things, they invest with His prerogative men who are wallowing in a riotous and filthy life.“

—  Clement of Alexandria

Original: (el) Οἱ μὲν τοὺς ἐγκωμιαστικοὺς λόγους τοῖς πλουσίοις δωροφοροῦντες ... ἀσεβεῖς μέν, ὅτι παρέντες αἰνεῖν καὶ δοξάζειν τὸν μόνον τέλειον καὶ ἀγαθὸν θεόν, ἐξ οὗ τὰ πάντα καὶ δι᾿ οὗ τὰ πάντα καὶ εἰς ὃν τὰ πάντα, περιάπτουσι τούτου τὸ γέρας ἀνθρώποις ἐν ἀσώτῳ καὶ βορβορώδει βίῳ κυλινδουμένοις καὶ τὸ κεφάλαιον ὑποκειμένοις τῇ κρίσει τοῦ θεοῦ.
Fonte: The Rich Man's Salvation, p. 271.

„The purified righteous man has become a coin of the Lord, and has the impress of his King stamped upon him.“

—  Clement of Alexandria

Reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 104.

„How can it not be necessary, for him who wishes to lay hold of the power of God, to philosophise and to grasp with comprehension intellectual concepts?“

—  Clement of Alexandria

As reported in Clement of Alexandria by Eric Osborn (Cambridge University Press: 2008), p. 63.

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