Frases de Buenaventura Durruti

Buenaventura Durruti foto
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Buenaventura Durruti

Data de nascimento: 14. Julho 1896
Data de falecimento: 20. Novembro 1936

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Buenaventura Durruti Dumange foi um sindicalista e revolucionário anarquista espanhol, figura de destaque do movimento libertário da Espanha e de sua organização sindical CNT, tanto antes como no início da Guerra civil espanhola, na qual participou ao lado dos republicanos e à frente de uma formação de milicianos conhecida como coluna Durruti.

Operário, desde jovem destacou-se na luta social como militante anarco-sindicalista da Confederación Nacional del Trabajo. Demitido durante as greves de 1917, emigrou para França onde permaneceu até 1919. De volta a Espanha, na região País Basco, junto com outros ativistas formou o grupo Los Justicieros com a finalidade de combater o pistoleirismo patronal.

Em 1922 em Barcelona, também como resposta à repressão e ao pistoleirismo patronal, forma em conjunto com Francisco Ascaso, Ricardo Sanz, Joan García Oliver e outros companheiros, aquele que viria a ser um dos mais famosos grupos de ação direta do anarquismo espanhol: Los Solidarios

Tomou parte no levante de 19 de julho de 1936 ocasião em que a CNT-FAI e outras organizações libertárias saíram à rua para desmantelar os setores golpistas que deram início à Guerra Civil Espanhola, tendo Durruti combatido nas barricadas de Barcelona e, à frente de um grupo de trabalhadores, assaltado o quartel Atarazanas. Assumiu um papel de destaque nessa revolução, tanto como combatente como enquanto orador sem igual.

Foi morto com um tiro no dia 20 de novembro de 1936, em circunstâncias nunca totalmente esclarecidas, quando se dirigia para a frente de batalha.

Citações Buenaventura Durruti

„From my earliest years, the first thing that I saw was suffering.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: From my earliest years, the first thing that I saw was suffering. And if I couldn't rebel when I was a child, it was only because I was an unaware being then. But the sorrows of my grandparents and parents were recorded in my memory during those years of unawareness. How many times did I see our mother cry because she couldn't give us the bread that we asked for! And yet our father worked without resting for a minute. Why couldn't we eat the bread that we needed if our father worked so hard? That was the first question whose answer I found in social injustice. And, since that same injustice exists today, thirty years later, I don't see why, now that I'm conscious of this, that I should stop fighting to abolish it. I don't want to remind you of the hardships suffered by our parents until we got older and could help out the family. But then we had to serve the so-called fatherland. The first was Santiago. I still remember mother weeping. But even more strongly etched in my memory are the words of our sick grandfather, who sat there, disabled and next to the heater, punching his legs in anger as he watched his grandson go off to Morocco, while the rich bought workers' sons to take their children's place … Don't you see why I'll continue fighting as long as these social injustices exist? [http://www.skeptic.ca/Durruti.htm Letter to his family (31 October 1931)]

„I believe, as I always have, in freedom. The freedom which rests on the sense of responsibility. I consider discipline indispensable, but it must be inner discipline, motivated by a common purpose and a strong feeling of comradeship.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: I have been an Anarchist all my life. I hope I have remained one. I should consider it very sad indeed, had I to turn into a general and rule the men with a military rod. They have come to me voluntarily, they are ready to stake their lives in our antifascist fight. I believe, as I always have, in freedom. The freedom which rests on the sense of responsibility. I consider discipline indispensable, but it must be inner discipline, motivated by a common purpose and a strong feeling of comradeship. On his military leadership against fascist troops in Spain, as quoted in [http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Goldman/Writings/Essays/durruti.html "Durruti Is Dead, Yet Living" (1936)], by Emma Goldman

Publicidade

„There are only two roads, victory for the working class, freedom, or victory for the fascists which means tyranny.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: There are only two roads, victory for the working class, freedom, or victory for the fascists which means tyranny. Both combatants know what's in store for the loser. We are ready to end fascism once and for all, even in spite of the Republican government.

„For you must not forget that we can also build.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: We have always lived in slums and holes in the wall. We will know how to accommodate ourselves for a while. For you must not forget that we can also build. It is we who built these palaces and cities, here in Spain and America and everywhere. We, the workers. We can build others to take their place. And better ones. We are not in the least afraid of ruins. We are going to inherit the earth; there is not the slightest doubt about that. The bourgeoisie might blast and ruin its own world before it leaves the stage of history. We carry a new world here, in our hearts. That world is growing in this minute.

„We are giving Hitler and Mussolini far more worry with our revolution than the whole Red Army of Russia. We are setting an example to the German and Italian working class on how to deal with Fascism.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: We know what we want. To us it means nothing that there is a Soviet Union somewhere in the world, for the sake of whose peace and tranquility the workers of Germany and China were sacrificed to Fascist barbarians by Stalin. We want revolution here in Spain, right now, not maybe after the next European war. We are giving Hitler and Mussolini far more worry with our revolution than the whole Red Army of Russia. We are setting an example to the German and Italian working class on how to deal with Fascism.

„Don't you see why I'll continue fighting as long as these social injustices exist?“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: From my earliest years, the first thing that I saw was suffering. And if I couldn't rebel when I was a child, it was only because I was an unaware being then. But the sorrows of my grandparents and parents were recorded in my memory during those years of unawareness. How many times did I see our mother cry because she couldn't give us the bread that we asked for! And yet our father worked without resting for a minute. Why couldn't we eat the bread that we needed if our father worked so hard? That was the first question whose answer I found in social injustice. And, since that same injustice exists today, thirty years later, I don't see why, now that I'm conscious of this, that I should stop fighting to abolish it. I don't want to remind you of the hardships suffered by our parents until we got older and could help out the family. But then we had to serve the so-called fatherland. The first was Santiago. I still remember mother weeping. But even more strongly etched in my memory are the words of our sick grandfather, who sat there, disabled and next to the heater, punching his legs in anger as he watched his grandson go off to Morocco, while the rich bought workers' sons to take their children's place … Don't you see why I'll continue fighting as long as these social injustices exist? [http://www.skeptic.ca/Durruti.htm Letter to his family (31 October 1931)]

„We shall show you, bolsheviks, how to make a revolution.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: It is possible that only a hundred of us will survive, but with that hundred we shall enter Saragossa, beat Fascism and proclaim libertarian communism. I will be the first to enter Saragossa; I will proclaim the free commune. We shall subordinate ourselves neither at Madrid nor Barcelona, neither to Azaña nor Companys. If they wish, they can live in peace with us; if not, we shall go to Madrid … We shall show you, bolsheviks, how to make a revolution. Interview with Mikhail Koltsov (July 1936), as quoted inThe Spanish Civil War (1994) by Hugh Thomas, p. 305

„I have been an Anarchist all my life. I hope I have remained one.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: I have been an Anarchist all my life. I hope I have remained one. I should consider it very sad indeed, had I to turn into a general and rule the men with a military rod. They have come to me voluntarily, they are ready to stake their lives in our antifascist fight. I believe, as I always have, in freedom. The freedom which rests on the sense of responsibility. I consider discipline indispensable, but it must be inner discipline, motivated by a common purpose and a strong feeling of comradeship. On his military leadership against fascist troops in Spain, as quoted in [http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Goldman/Writings/Essays/durruti.html "Durruti Is Dead, Yet Living" (1936)], by Emma Goldman

Publicidade

„It is possible that only a hundred of us will survive, but with that hundred we shall enter Saragossa, beat Fascism and proclaim libertarian communism.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: It is possible that only a hundred of us will survive, but with that hundred we shall enter Saragossa, beat Fascism and proclaim libertarian communism. I will be the first to enter Saragossa; I will proclaim the free commune. We shall subordinate ourselves neither at Madrid nor Barcelona, neither to Azaña nor Companys. If they wish, they can live in peace with us; if not, we shall go to Madrid … We shall show you, bolsheviks, how to make a revolution. Interview with Mikhail Koltsov (July 1936), as quoted inThe Spanish Civil War (1994) by Hugh Thomas, p. 305

„We carry a new world here, in our hearts. That world is growing in this minute.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: We have always lived in slums and holes in the wall. We will know how to accommodate ourselves for a while. For you must not forget that we can also build. It is we who built these palaces and cities, here in Spain and America and everywhere. We, the workers. We can build others to take their place. And better ones. We are not in the least afraid of ruins. We are going to inherit the earth; there is not the slightest doubt about that. The bourgeoisie might blast and ruin its own world before it leaves the stage of history. We carry a new world here, in our hearts. That world is growing in this minute.

„How many times did I see our mother cry because she couldn't give us the bread that we asked for!“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: From my earliest years, the first thing that I saw was suffering. And if I couldn't rebel when I was a child, it was only because I was an unaware being then. But the sorrows of my grandparents and parents were recorded in my memory during those years of unawareness. How many times did I see our mother cry because she couldn't give us the bread that we asked for! And yet our father worked without resting for a minute. Why couldn't we eat the bread that we needed if our father worked so hard? That was the first question whose answer I found in social injustice. And, since that same injustice exists today, thirty years later, I don't see why, now that I'm conscious of this, that I should stop fighting to abolish it. I don't want to remind you of the hardships suffered by our parents until we got older and could help out the family. But then we had to serve the so-called fatherland. The first was Santiago. I still remember mother weeping. But even more strongly etched in my memory are the words of our sick grandfather, who sat there, disabled and next to the heater, punching his legs in anger as he watched his grandson go off to Morocco, while the rich bought workers' sons to take their children's place … Don't you see why I'll continue fighting as long as these social injustices exist? [http://www.skeptic.ca/Durruti.htm Letter to his family (31 October 1931)]

„The pickaxe and the shovel are as important at the rifle. I can't say it often enough.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Context: You don't fight a war with words, but with fortifications. The pickaxe and the shovel are as important at the rifle. I can't say it often enough. Interview (3 October 1936), as quoted in Durruti in the Spanish Revolution (1996) by Abel Paz, as translated by Chuck W. Morse (2007), p. 537

Publicidade

„No government fights fascism to destroy it. When the bourgeoisie sees that power is slipping out of its hands, it brings up fascism to hold onto their privileges.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
Variant: No government in the world fights fascism to the death. When the bourgeoisie sees power slipping from its grasp, it has recourse to fascism to maintain itself. As quoted in Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Spain (1963) by Felix Morrow

„The only church that illuminates is a burning church.“

— Buenaventura Durruti
As quoted in "Dialectical Clarity versus the Misty Conceit of Paradox" by Slavoj Žižek in The Monstrosity of Christ : Paradox or Dialectic? (2009) edited by Creston Davis, p. 287 This quote is originally from Peter Kropotkin, quoted by Durruti many times.

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