Frases de B.R. Ambedkar

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B.R. Ambedkar

Data de nascimento: 14. Abril 1891
Data de falecimento: 6. Dezembro 1956

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , popularmente conhecido como Babasaheb, foi um nacionalista, jurista, economista, político e reformador social Indiano que inspirou o revivalismo Budista na Índia. Sua campanha política combatia a discriminação social contra os Dalits, mulheres e trabalhadores. Foi o primeiro Ministro de Justiça da Índia e um dos principais arquitetos da Constituição da Índia.

Foi um estudante prolífico, tendo graduado-se em Direito e tendo vários doutorados da Universidade de Colúmbia e London School of Economics, e ganhou reputação de estudioso por sua pesquisa em direito, economia e ciência política. No início de sua carreira, trabalhou como economista, professor e advogado. Mais tarde sua vida foi marcada por suas atividades políticas, quando envolveu-se nas negociações pela independência da Índia e fez campanha publicando jornais advogando por direitos políticos e liberdade social para os Dalits, tendo contribuído muito para o estabelecimento do Estado da Índia. Converteu-se ao Budismo em 1956, e assim iniciou conversões em massa de Dalits.

Em 1990 foi-lhe conferido o Bharat Ratna, o mais importante prêmio civil da Índia. O legado de Ambedkar rendeu-lhe numerosas homenagens e retratações na cultura popular.

Citações B.R. Ambedkar

„This spirit of retaliation bids fair to produce the ugly spectacle of gangsterism against gangsterism.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Pakistan or The Partition of India (1946)
Contexto: The third thing that is noticeable is the adoption by the Muslims of the gangster's method in politics. The riots are a sufficient indication that gangsterism has become a settled part of their strategy in politics. They seem to be consciously and deliberately imitating the Sudeten Germans in the means employed by them against the Czechs. So long as the Muslims were the aggressors, the Hindus were passive, and in the conflict they suffered more than the Muslims did. But this is no longer true. The Hindus have learned to retaliate and no longer feel any compunction in knifing a Musalman. This spirit of retaliation bids fair to produce the ugly spectacle of gangsterism against gangsterism.
How to meet this problem must exercise the minds of all concerned. (p. 269)

„Unlike a drop of water which loses its identity when it joins the ocean, man does not lose his being in the society in which he lives. Man's life is independent. He is born not for the development of the society alone, but for the development of his self.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

As quoted in Book Of Happiness, by Jagdish Gupta,+man+does+not+lose+his+being+in+the+society+in+which+he+lives.+Man%27s+life+is+i&source=bl&ots=eVeEf_7dR3&sig=88DaiaoPeTdFtzRM73yLcZmasVg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CEMQ6AEwB2oVChMIh7H05PiSyAIVRNSOCh2zIABs#v=onepage&q=Unlike%20a%20drop%20of%20water%20which%20loses%20its%20identity%20when%20it%20joins%20the%20ocean%2C%20man%20does%20not%20lose%20his%20being%20in%20the%20society%20in%20which%20he%20lives.%20Man%27s%20life%20is%20i&f=false
Variante: Unlike a drop of water which loses its identity when it joins the ocean, man does not lose his being in the society in which he lives. Man's life is independent. He is born not for the development of the society alone, but for the development of his self.

„The Brahmin of Panjab is racially of the same stock as the Chamar of Punjab.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, livro Annihilation of Caste

... "Caste system does not demarcate racial division. Caste system is a social division of people of the same race.
Annihilation of Caste. See p.49 of his Writings and Speeches, vol.1, Education Dpt., Government of Maharashtra 1979. Quoted from Elst, Koenraad (1991). Ayodhya and after: Issues before Hindu society.

„There can thus be no manner of doubt that the Muslim Society in India is afflicted by the same social evils as afflict the Hindu Society. Indeed, the Muslims have all the social evils of the Hindus and something more. That something more is the compulsory system of purdah for Muslim women. As a consequence of the purdah system, a segregation of the Muslim women is brought about. The ladies are not expected to visit the outer rooms, verandahs, or gardens; their quarters are in the back-yard. All of them, young and old, are confined in the same room. …She cannot go even to the mosque to pray, and must wear burka (veil) whenever she has to go out. These burka women walking in the streets is one of the most hideous sights one can witness in India. Such seclusion cannot but have its deteriorating effects upon the physical constitution of Muslim women. They are usually victims to anaemia, tuberculosis, and pyorrhoea. Their bodies are deformed, with their backs bent, bones protruded, hands and feet crooked. Ribs, joints and nearly all their bones ache. Heart palpitation is very often present in them. The result of this pelvic deformity is untimely death at the time of delivery. Purdah deprives Muslim women of mental and moral nourishment. Being deprived of healthy social life, the process of moral degeneration must and does set in. Being completely secluded from the outer world, they engage their minds in petty family quarrels, with the result that they become narrow and restricted in their outlook. They lag behind their sisters from other communities, cannot take part in any outdoor activity and are weighed down by a slavish mentality and an inferiority complex. They have no desire for knowledge, because they are taught not to be interested in anything outside the four walls of the house. Purdah women in particular become helpless, timid, and unfit for any fight in life. … Not that purdah and the evils consequent thereon are not to be found among certain sections of the Hindus in certain parts of the country. But the point of distinction is that among the Muslims, purdah has a religious sanctity which it has not with the Hindus. Purdah has deeper roots among the Muslims than it has among the Hindus, and can only be removed by facing the inevitable conflict between religious injunctions and social needs. The problem of purdah is a real problem with the Muslims—apart from its origin—which it is not with the Hindus. Of any attempt by the Muslims to do away with it, there is no evidence.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Pakistan or The Partition of India (1946)

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„Every progress has its bill of costs and only those who pay for it will have that progress.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in the Bombay Legislature

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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