Frases de B.R. Ambedkar

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B.R. Ambedkar

Data de nascimento: 14. Abril 1891
Data de falecimento: 6. Dezembro 1956

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Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , popularmente conhecido como Babasaheb, foi um nacionalista, jurista, economista, político e reformador social Indiano que inspirou o revivalismo Budista na Índia. Sua campanha política combatia a discriminação social contra os Dalits, mulheres e trabalhadores. Foi o primeiro Ministro de Justiça da Índia e um dos principais arquitetos da Constituição da Índia.

Foi um estudante prolífico, tendo graduado-se em Direito e tendo vários doutorados da Universidade de Colúmbia e London School of Economics, e ganhou reputação de estudioso por sua pesquisa em direito, economia e ciência política. No início de sua carreira, trabalhou como economista, professor e advogado. Mais tarde sua vida foi marcada por suas atividades políticas, quando envolveu-se nas negociações pela independência da Índia e fez campanha publicando jornais advogando por direitos políticos e liberdade social para os Dalits, tendo contribuído muito para o estabelecimento do Estado da Índia. Converteu-se ao Budismo em 1956, e assim iniciou conversões em massa de Dalits.

Em 1990 foi-lhe conferido o Bharat Ratna, o mais importante prêmio civil da Índia. O legado de Ambedkar rendeu-lhe numerosas homenagens e retratações na cultura popular.

Citações B.R. Ambedkar

„This spirit of retaliation bids fair to produce the ugly spectacle of gangsterism against gangsterism.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
Context: The third thing that is noticeable is the adoption by the Muslims of the gangster's method in politics. The riots are a sufficient indication that gangsterism has become a settled part of their strategy in politics. They seem to be consciously and deliberately imitating the Sudeten Germans in the means employed by them against the Czechs. So long as the Muslims were the aggressors, the Hindus were passive, and in the conflict they suffered more than the Muslims did. But this is no longer true. The Hindus have learned to retaliate and no longer feel any compunction in knifing a Musalman. This spirit of retaliation bids fair to produce the ugly spectacle of gangsterism against gangsterism. How to meet this problem must exercise the minds of all concerned. (p. 269)

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„Caste is not just a division of labour, it is a division of labourers.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
As quoted in The Annihilation of Caste http://ccnmtl.columbia.edu/projects/mmt/ambedkar/web/section_4.html

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„Unlike a drop of water which loses its identity when it joins the ocean, man does not lose his being in the society in which he lives. Man's life is independent. He is born not for the development of the society alone, but for the development of his self too.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
As quoted in Book Of Happiness, by Jagdish Gupta https://books.google.co.in/books?id=H7cwBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA101&lpg=PA101&dq=Unlike+a+drop+of+water+which+loses+its+identity+when+it+joins+the+ocean,+man+does+not+lose+his+being+in+the+society+in+which+he+lives.+Man%27s+life+is+i&source=bl&ots=eVeEf_7dR3&sig=88DaiaoPeTdFtzRM73yLcZmasVg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CEMQ6AEwB2oVChMIh7H05PiSyAIVRNSOCh2zIABs#v=onepage&q=Unlike%20a%20drop%20of%20water%20which%20loses%20its%20identity%20when%20it%20joins%20the%20ocean%2C%20man%20does%20not%20lose%20his%20being%20in%20the%20society%20in%20which%20he%20lives.%20Man%27s%20life%20is%20i&f=false

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„I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.“

—  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
As quoted in The Ultimate Book of Quotations by Joseph Demakis, p. 415 https://books.google.co.in/books?id=kOnjAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA415&lpg=PA415&dq=%22I+measure+the+progress+of+a+community+by+the+degree+of+progress+which+women+have+achieved.%22&source=bl&ots=6Sioo741pq&sig=noA7WLMLys1qWi5_CHIYKkWg9j0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDQQ6AEwBGoVChMIzc7x1feSyAIVRhmOCh24BAME#v=onepage&q=%22I%20measure%20the%20progress%20of%20a%20community%20by%20the%20degree%20of%20progress%20which%20women%20have%20achieved.%22&f=false

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