Frases de Anatol Rapoport

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Anatol Rapoport

Data de nascimento: 22. Maio 1911
Data de falecimento: 20. Janeiro 2007

Anatol Rapoport foi um psicólogo matemático estadunidense nascido na Rússia

Citações Anatol Rapoport

„A fundamental value in the scientific outlook is concern with the best available map of reality.“

—  Anatol Rapoport

Anatol Rapoport Science and the goals of man: a study in semantic orientation. Greenwood Press, 1950/1971. p. 224; Partly cited in: Book review http://digitalcommons.law.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2040&context=lalrev by Harold G. Wren, in Louisiana Law Review, Vol 13, nr 4, May 1953
1950s
Contexto: A fundamental value in the scientific outlook is concern with the best available map of reality. The scientist will always seek a description of events which enables him to predict most by assuming least. He thus already prefers a particular form of behavior. If moralities are systems of preferences, here is at least one point at which science cannot be said to be completely without preferences. Science prefers good maps.

„Conflict… is a theme that has occupied the thinking of man more than any other, save only God and love.“

—  Anatol Rapoport

Fonte: 1960s, Fights, games, and debates, (1960), p. 11
Contexto: Conflict... is a theme that has occupied the thinking of man more than any other, save only God and love. In the vast output of discourse on the subject, conflict has been treated in every conceivable way. It has been treated descriptively, as in history and fiction; it has been treated in an aura of moral approval, as in epos; with implicit resignation, as in tragedy; with moral disapproval, as in pacifistic religions. There is a body of knowledge called military science, presumably concerned with strategies of armed conflict. There are innumerable handbooks, which teach how to play specific games of strategy. Psychoanalysts are investigating the genesis of "fight-like" situations within the individual, and social psychologists are doing the same on the level of groups and social classes.

„It is misleading in a crucial way to view information as something that can be poured into an empty vessel, like a fluid or even energy.“

—  Anatol Rapoport

Anatol Rapoport (1956) "The Promise and Pitfalls of Information Theory"; AS quoted in: Peter Corning (2010) Holistic Darwinism, p. 364
1950s

„In the US. Infantry Manual published during World War II, the soldier was told what to do if a live grenade fell into the trench where he and others were sitting: to wrap himself around the grenade so as to at least save the others.“

—  Anatol Rapoport

If no one "volunteered," all would be killed, and there were only a few seconds to decide who would be the hero.
Anatol Rapoport (1988), quoted in: William Poundstone (2011) Prisoner's Dilemma. p. 203
1970s and later

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„The outstanding feature of behavior is that it is often quite easy to recognize but extremely difficult or impossible to describe with precision.“

—  Anatol Rapoport

Anatol Rapoport, "An Essay on Mind". Reprinted in Toward Definition of Mind (Jordan Ma Scher, editor). Glencoe, Illinois: Free Press, 1962. p. 92
1960s

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