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Aldo Leopold

Data de nascimento: 11. Janeiro 1887
Data de falecimento: 21. Abril 1948
Outros nomes: ალდო ლეოპოლდი, آلدو لئوپولد

Aldo Leopold foi um silvicultor, acadêmico, filósofo ambiental e conservacionista estadounidense, que, por seu extenso trabalho sobre a conservação da vida selvagem e dos espaços naturais, é considerado uma figura importante na história do conservacionismo e o fundador da ciência da conservação nos Estados Unidos.Pioneiro na elaboração de formulações éticas que buscam levar em consideração a comunidade biótica da Terra, Leopold influenciou profundamente o desenvolvimento da ética ambiental presente no movimento conservacionista. Após ter participado da fundação da The Wilderness Society, em 1935 adquiriu terras no interior do Wisconsin, nas quais pôs em prática suas inovadoras ideias sobre a restauração ecológica. Essas experiências seriam postumamente reunidas em sua obra mais importante, A Sand County Almanac.

Obras

Citações Aldo Leopold

„Ética é a diferenciação da conduta social da anti-social para o bem comum.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
p.238 Fonte: A Sand County Almanac, Aldo Leopold, Oxford University Press, 240pp.

„Nonconformity is the highest evolutionary attainment of social animals.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
1920s, "A Man's Leisure Time," 1920; Published in Round River, Luna B. Leopold (ed.), Oxford University Press, 1966, p. 8.

„There are two spiritual dangers in not owning a farm. One is the danger of supposing that breakfast comes from the grocery, and the other that heat comes from the furnace.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "January Thaw", "February: Good Oak" & "March: The Geese Return", “February: Good Oak”, p. 6.

„Ethical behavior is doing the right thing when no one else is watching — even when doing the wrong thing is legal.“

—  Aldo Leopold
Misattributed, Presumably a paraphrase of "A peculiar virtue in wildlife ethics is that the hunter ordinarily has no gallery to applaud or disapprove of his conduct" or of "Hunting for sport is an improvement ..." above. Unlikely to be by Leopold, who knew that ethics involves not only doing the right thing, but also determining the right thing in the face of competing desirable criteria.

„To those devoid of imagination a blank place on the map is a useless waste; to others, the most valuable part.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "Conservation Esthetic", Context: The trophy-recreationist has peculiarities that contribute in subtle ways to his own undoing. To enjoy he must possess, invade, appropriate. Hence the wilderness that he cannot personally see has no value to him. Hence the universal assumption that an unused hinterland is rendering no service to society. To those devoid of imagination a blank place on the map is a useless waste; to others, the most valuable part. p. 176.

„We abuse land because we see it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, Foreword, Context: Conservation is getting nowhere because it is incompatible with our Abrahamic concept of land. We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect. There is no other way for land to survive the impact of mechanized man, nor for us to reap from it the aesthetic harvest it is capable, under science, of contributing to culture. p. viii.

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„Cease being intimidated by the argument that a right action is impossible because it does not yield maximum profits, or that a wrong action is to be condoned because it pays.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
1940s, Context: The direction is clear, and the first step is to throw your weight around on matters of right and wrong in land-use. Cease being intimidated by the argument that a right action is impossible because it does not yield maximum profits, or that a wrong action is to be condoned because it pays. That philosophy is dead in human relations, and its funeral in land-relations is overdue. "The Ecological Conscience" [1947]; Published in The River of the Mother of God and Other Essays by Aldo Leopold, Susan L. Flader and J. Baird Callicott (eds.) 1991, p. 346.

„All conservation of wildness is self-defeating, for to cherish we must see and fondle, and when enough have seen and fondled, there is no wilderness left to cherish.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "Wisconsin: Marshland Elegy," "Wisconsin: The Sand Counties" "Wisconsin: On a Monument to the Pigeon," and "Wisconsin: Flambeau", Context: To build a road is so much simpler than to think of what the country really needs. A roadless marsh is seemingly as worthless to the alphabetical conservationist as an undrained one was to the empire-builders. Solitude, the one natural resource still undowered of alphabets, is so far recognized as valuable only by ornithologists and cranes. Thus always does history, whether of marsh or market place, end in paradox. The ultimate value in these marshes is wildness, and the crane is wildness incarnate. But all conservation of wildness is self-defeating, for to cherish we must see and fondle, and when enough have seen and fondled, there is no wilderness left to cherish. “Wisconsin: Marshland Elegy”, p. 101.

„Is education possibly a process of trading awareness for things of lesser worth? The goose who trades his is soon a pile of feathers.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "January Thaw", "February: Good Oak" & "March: The Geese Return", “March: The Geese Return”, p. 18.

„A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "The Land Ethic", Context: Examine each question in terms of what is ethically and esthetically right, as well as what is economically expedient. A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise. p. 224-225.

„One of the penalties of an ecological education is that one lives alone in a world of wounds.“

—  Aldo Leopold
1940s, " The Round River: A Parable http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/AldoLeopold/AldoLeopold-idx?type=turn&entity=AldoLeopold.ALDeskFile.p0655&id=AldoLeopold.ALDeskFile&isize=XL" (c. 1940-48); Published in Round River, Luna B. Leopold (ed.), Oxford University Press, 1966, p. 165.

„The modern dogma is comfort at any cost.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "November: Axe-in-Hand," "November: A Mighty Fortress," and "December: Pines above the Snow", “November: Axe-in-Hand”, p. 71.

„A conservationist is one who is humbly aware that with each stroke [of the axe] he is writing his signature on the face of the land.“

—  Aldo Leopold, livro A Sand County Almanac
A Sand County Almanac, 1949, "November: Axe-in-Hand," "November: A Mighty Fortress," and "December: Pines above the Snow", Context: I have read many definitions of what is a conservationist, and written not a few myself, but I suspect that the best one is written not with a pen, but with an axe. It is a matter of what a man thinks about while chopping, or while deciding what to chop. A conservationist is one who is humbly aware that with each stroke he is writing his signature on the face of his land. “November: Axe-in-Hand”, p. 68.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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