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Margaret Sanger

Data de nascimento: 14. Setembro 1879
Data de falecimento: 6. Setembro 1966

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Margaret Higgins Sanger ou Margaret Louise Higgins foi uma enfermeira, sexóloga, escritora e ativista do controle de natalidade norte americana. Sanger foi a responsável pela popularização do termo "birth control" nos Estados Unidos, abrindo o primeiro centro de planejamento de natalidade no país, e outros estabelecimentos ligados à organização Planned Parenthood Federation of America.

Em 1914, Sanger foi processada pelos Estados Unidos, sob às leis do Ato Federal Comstock, de 1873. As leis do Ato Comstock proibiam a circulação, venda e produção de toda literatura com qualquer tipo de conteúdo sexual, erótico ou informações e ativismo sobre controle de natalidade, seja sobre contraceptivos ou aborto. Com medo do que poderia acontecer, Sanger se refugiou nos países britânicos até que fosse seguro retornar aos Estados Unidos.Por sua ligação à organização Federação de Paternidade Planejada da América, Sanger foi, e ainda é, alvo frequente dos críticos do aborto. Entretanto, o Planned Parenthood Federation of America passou a realizar abortos apenas em 1970, quatro anos após sua morte. A organização sem fins lucrativos, fundada em 1916 , funciona até hoje, oferecendo serviços como educação sexual e controle de natalidade, atuando não só nos Estados Unidos, mas de maneira global, inclusive no Brasil.Em 1916, Sanger fundou a primeira clínica de controle de natalidade nos Estados Unidos. Também foi o ano em que foi presa, após entregar um panfleto com informações sobre contraceptivos para um policial à paisana. Sanger usou a oportunidade para se manifestar contrária aos atos de censura impostos pelo Ato Comstock, e sua detenção causou barulho no país. Ao prenderem Sanger, os policiais pilharam a clínica, levando diversos registros médicos confidenciais.

Entre suas intenções com a clínica, estava o desejo de prevenir as mulheres contra clínicas de aborto ilegais, com procedimentos médicos perigosos e duvidosos, que eram normais na época pelo aborto ser proibido nos Estados Unidos. Apesar de advogar pela causa dos direitos das mulheres e acreditar que o aborto pudesse ser justificado, Sanger era contrária à prática, acreditando que o procedimento deveria ser evitado, e em seu lugar a prevenção e contraceptivos tivessem destaque. Em sua concepção, a única cura para o aborto era a prevenção.Foi presidente da Planned Parenthood, de 1952 a 1959, que tinha sede na Índia, e faleceu em 1966, sendo considerada por muitos como a fundadora do moderno movimento pró-aborto.

Citações Margaret Sanger

„Margaret Sanger: Well I suppose a subject like that is really so personal that it is entirely up to the parents to decide, but from my view, I believe there should be no more babies in starving countries for the next ten years.“

— Margaret Sanger
Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_BG11OHrCDk http://www.britishpathe.com/video/one-minute-news-8/query/margaret+slee Ban on Babies is All Wet, Cry Angry Britons, Chicago Tribune, July 4, 1947, p. 9. https://www.google.com/search?q=MS+to+Robert+C.+Nowe%2C+Aug.+22%2C+1947&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8#q=%22Ban+on+Babies+is+All+Wet%22 Granny Sanger' Drops a Bomb - A Ten Year Moratorium on Births, Margaret Sanger Papers, Newsletter #65 (Fall 2013) http://www.nyu.edu/projects/sanger/articles/grannysanger.php

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„[Charity] conceals a stupid cruelty, because it is not courageous enough to face unpleasant facts. Aside from the question of the unfitness of many women to become mothers, aside from the very definite deterioration in the human stock that such programs would inevitably hasten, we may question its value even to the normal though unfortunate mother. For it is never the intention of such philanthropy to give the poor over-burdened and often undernourished mother of the slum the opportunity to make the choice herself, to decide whether she wishes time after time to bring children into the world. It merely says 'Increase and multiply: We are prepared to help you do this.' Whereas the great majority of mothers realize the grave responsibility they face in keeping alive and rearing the children they have already brought into the world, the maternity center would teach them how to have more. The poor woman is taught how to have her seventh child, when what she wants to know is how to avoid bringing into the world her eighth. … Such philanthropy, as Dean Inge has so unanswerably pointed out, is kind only to be cruel, and unwittingly promotes precisely the results most deprecated. It encourages the healthier and more normal sections of the world to shoulder the burden of unthinking and indiscriminate fecundity of others; which brings with it, as I think the reader must agree, a dead weight of human waste. Instead of decreasing and aiming to eliminate the stocks that are most detrimental to the future of the race and the world, it tends to render them to a menacing degree dominant.“

— Margaret Sanger
Chapter 5, "The Cruelty of Charity"

„MOTHERS! / Can you afford to have a large family? / Do you want any more children? / If not, why do you have them? / DO NOT KILL, / DO NOT TAKE LIFE / BUT PREVENT / Safe, Harmless Information can be obtained of trained nurses at / 46 AMBOY STREET.“

— Margaret Sanger
(Handbill advertising Sanger's first clinic, Brooklyn, New York, October 1916) https://sangerpapers.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/sanger_flyer.jpg published in "Birthright: What's next for Planned Parenthood." Jill Lepore. The New Yorker, Nov. 14 2011 - page 48.

„More children from the fit, less from the unfit — that is the chief issue in birth control.“

— Margaret Sanger
Editors of American Medicine in a review of Sanger's article "Why Not Birth Control Clinics in America?" published in Birth Control Review, May 1919

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„Colored people are like human weeds and are to be exterminated.“

— Margaret Sanger
Unknown source, attributed by Life Education and Resource Network (LEARN) http://www.blackgenocide.org/planned.html and by Roger L. Roberson, Jr, The Bible & the Black Man: Breaking the Chains of Prejudice (2007), p. 18. Seems to take "human weeds" from "a garden of children instead of a disorderly back lot overrun with human weeds" or from "the gradual suppression, elimination and eventual extirpation of defective stocks– those human weeds which threaten the blooming of the finest flowers of American civilization" and "exterminated" from "we do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea" (see above).

„I think the greatest sin in the world is bringing children into the world that have disease from their parents, that have no chance to be a human being, practically. Delinquents, prisoners, all sorts of things just marked when they're born. That to me is the greatest sin — that people can — can commit.“

— Margaret Sanger
The Mike Wallace Interview (ABC) http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/multimedia/video/2008/wallace/sanger_margaret_t.html, Posed question: "Do you believe in sin — When I say "believe" I don't mean believe in committing sin, do you believe there is such a thing as a sin

„I should be the Hunger Strikee.“

— Margaret Sanger
Margaret Sanger asking Ethel Bryne to agree to Sanger's historically revised biopic. https://books.google.com/books?id=b3GBAwAAQBAJ&pg=PT264&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=3#v=onepage&q=tied%20up&f=false

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