„Skepticism is the agent of reason against organized irrationalism--and is therefore one of the keys to human social and civic decency.“

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Stephen Jay Gould
Paleontólogo, Biólogo evolucionista, Historiador da Ciência… 1941 - 2002
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Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel photo

„As a transitional condition, skepticism is logical insurrection; as a system, it is anarchy. Skeptical method would therefore be much the same as rule by insurgents.“

—  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel German poet, critic and scholar 1772 - 1829
Athenäum (1798 - 1800), Als vorübergehender Zustand ist der Skeptizismus logische Insurrektion; als System ist er Anarchie. Skeptische Methode wäre also ungefähr wie insurgente Regierung. #97, as translated in Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings (1996), vol. 1, p. 136

Lois McMaster Bujold photo

„Organization seemed to be the key.“

—  Lois McMaster Bujold, Vorkosigan Saga
Vorkosigan Saga, The Warrior's Apprentice (1986), Context: Organization seemed to be the key. To get huge masses of properly matched men and materials to the right place at the right time in the right order with the swiftness required to even grasp survival — to wrestle an infinitely complex and confusing reality into the abstract shape of victory — organization, it seemed, might even outrank courage as a soldierly virtue.

J. G. Ballard photo

„The advanced societies of the future will not be governed by reason. They will be driven by irrationality, by competing systems of psychopathology.“

—  J. G. Ballard British writer 1930 - 2009
As quoted in J. G. Ballard Quotes : Does The Future Have A Future? (2004) edited by V. Vale and Mike Ryan

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Karl Marx photo

„This social formation constitutes, therefore, the closing chapter of the prehistoric stage of human society.“

—  Karl Marx German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist 1818 - 1883
Context: In the social production of their life, men enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will; these relations of production correspond to a definite stage of development of their material forces of production. The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society — the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness. The mode of production of material life determines the social, political and intellectual life process in general. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness. [Es ist nicht das Bewußtsein der Menschen, das ihr Sein, sondern umgekehrt ihr gesellschaftliches Sein, das ihr Bewusstsein bestimmt. ] At a certain stage of their development, the material productive forces in society come in conflict with the existing relations of production, or — what is but a legal expression for the same thing — with the property relations within which they have been at work before. From forms of development of the productive forces these relations turn into fetters. Then begins an epoch of social revolution. With the change of the economic foundation the entire immense superstructure is more or less rapidly transformed. In considering such transformations a distinction should always be made between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production, which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, aesthetic or philosophic — in short, ideological forms in which men become conscious of this conflict and fight it out. Just as our opinion of an individual is not based on what he thinks of himself, so we can not judge of such a period of transformation by its own consciousness; on the contrary, this consciousness must be explained rather from the contradictions of material life, from the existing conflict between the social productive forces and the relations of production. No social order ever disappears before all the productive forces for which there is room in it have been developed; and new, higher relations of production never appear before the material conditions of their existence have matured in the womb of the old society itself. Therefore, mankind always sets itself only such tasks as it can solve; since, looking at the matter more closely, we will always find that the task itself arises only when the material conditions necessary for its solution already exist or are at least in the process of formation. In broad outlines we can designate the Asiatic, the ancient, the feudal, and the modern bourgeois modes of production as so many progressive epochs in the economic formation of society. The bourgeois relations of production are the last antagonistic form of the social process of production — antagonistic not in the sense of individual antagonism, but of one arising from the social conditions of life of the individuals; at the same time the productive forces developing in the womb of bourgeois society create the material conditions for the solution of that antagonism. This social formation constitutes, therefore, the closing chapter of the prehistoric stage of human society. Preface to ' (1859).

Honoré de Balzac photo

„Suicide, moreover, was at that time in vogue in Paris: what more suitable key to the mystery of life for a skeptical society?“

—  Honoré de Balzac, livro Une fille d'Ève
A Daughter of Eve (1839), D'ailleurs, le suicide régnait alors à Paris; ne doit-il pas être le dernier mot des sociétés incrédules? Ch. 7: Suicide.

Hiroo Onoda photo

„One must always be civic-minded.“

—  Hiroo Onoda Imperial Japanese Army intelligence officer 1922 - 2014
Judit Kawaguchi, "Words to Live By: Hiroo Onoda"

Terry Eagleton photo

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