„Santayana was probably wrong when he said that those who forget the past are condemned to relive it. Those who remember are condemned to relive it too.“

—  Clive James, Ibid.
Clive James149
Australian author, critic, broadcaster, poet, translator ... 1939

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Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. photo

„Santayana's aphorism must be reversed: too often it is those who can remember the past who are condemned to repeat it.“

—  Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian, social critic, and public intellectual 1917 - 2007
The Bitter Heritage: Vietnam and American Democracy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966) p. 91

Errol Morris photo
George Santayana photo

„Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.“

—  George Santayana, The Life of Reason: Five Volumes in One
Context: Progress, far from consisting in change, depends on retentiveness. When change is absolute there remains no being to improve and no direction is set for possible improvement: and when experience is not retained, as among savages, infancy is perpetual. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. This famous statement has produced many paraphrases and variants: Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Those who do not remember their past are condemned to repeat their mistakes. Those who do not read history are doomed to repeat it. Those who fail to learn from the mistakes of their predecessors are destined to repeat them. Those who do not know history's mistakes are doomed to repeat them. There is a similar quote by Edmund Burke (in Revolution in France) that often leads to misattribution: "People will not look forward to posterity, who never look backward to their ancestors."

Chuck Palahniuk photo
 Martial photo

„Virtue extends our days: he lives two lives who relives his past with pleasure.“

—  Martial Latin poet from Hispania 40 - 104
X, 23. Alternatively translated as "The good man prolongs his life; to be able to enjoy one's past life is to live twice", in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919). Compare: "For he lives twice who can at once employ / The present well, and e'en the past enjoy", Alexander Pope, Imitation of Martial.

Sara Shepard photo
Giovanni Boccaccio photo
Elizabeth Bibesco photo
P. J. O'Rourke photo
Osama bin Laden photo

„As for those who condemned these operations looked at the event [9/11] in isolation and failed to connect them to past events and did not look at the causes that lead to this result. So their point of view is narrow.“

—  Osama bin Laden founder of al-Qaeda 1957 - 2011
Al - Jazeera Broadcast Tape - On 9/11 and the American reaction http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dls5JTD-uG0 (the release date is needed for this. <!-- This seems a 2002 - 2003 tape, but could be as early as October 2001, and the date of it is not provided -->)