„Santayana was probably wrong when he said that those who forget the past are condemned to relive it. Those who remember are condemned to relive it too.“

Ibid.
Essays and reviews

Última atualização 22 de Maio de 2020. História
Clive James photo
Clive James150
Australian author, critic, broadcaster, poet, translator an… 1939 - 2019

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Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. photo

„Santayana's aphorism must be reversed: too often it is those who can remember the past who are condemned to repeat it.“

—  Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian, social critic, and public intellectual 1917 - 2007

The Bitter Heritage: Vietnam and American Democracy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966) p. 91

George Santayana photo

„Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.“

—  George Santayana 20th-century Spanish-American philosopher associated with Pragmatism 1863 - 1952

This famous statement has produced many paraphrases and variants:
Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.
Those who do not remember their past are condemned to repeat their mistakes.
Those who do not read history are doomed to repeat it.
Those who fail to learn from the mistakes of their predecessors are destined to repeat them.
Those who do not know history's mistakes are doomed to repeat them.
There is a similar quote by Edmund Burke (in Revolution in France) that often leads to misattribution: "People will not look forward to posterity, who never look backward to their ancestors."
The Life of Reason: The Phases of Human Progress (1905-1906), Vol. I, Reason in Common Sense
Fonte: The Life of Reason: Five Volumes in One
Contexto: Progress, far from consisting in change, depends on retentiveness. When change is absolute there remains no being to improve and no direction is set for possible improvement: and when experience is not retained, as among savages, infancy is perpetual. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.

Steven Pinker photo

„Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to compute it.“

—  Steven Pinker, livro Words and Rules

Fonte: Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language

Benjamin Graham photo

„Those who don't remember the past are condemned to repeat the eleventh grade.“

—  James W. Loewen American historian 1942

Fonte: 1990s Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong (1995), p. 1

Errol Morris photo
Chuck Palahniuk photo
Martial photo

„Virtue extends our days: he lives two lives who relives his past with pleasure.“

—  Martial, livro Epigrammata

Ampliat aetatis spatium sibi vir bonus. Hoc est
Vivere bis vita posse priore frui.
X, 23. Alternatively translated as "The good man prolongs his life; to be able to enjoy one's past life is to live twice", in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919). Compare: "For he lives twice who can at once employ / The present well, and e'en the past enjoy", Alexander Pope, Imitation of Martial.
Epigrams (c. 80 – 104 AD)
Original: (la) Ampliat aetatis spatium sibi vir bonus. Hoc est
Vivere bis vita posse priore frui.

Eckhart Tolle photo
Giovanni Boccaccio photo

„Wrongs committed in the distant past are far easier to condemn than to rectify.“

—  Giovanni Boccaccio, livro The Decameron

Le cose mal fatte e di gran tempo passate son più agevoli a riprendere che ad emendare.
Second Day, Fifth Story
The Decameron (c. 1350)

P. J. O'Rourke photo
Elizabeth Bibesco photo
Chuck Palahniuk photo

„Those who can forget the past are way ahead of the rest of us.“

—  Chuck Palahniuk, livro Choke

Variante: Those who forget the past are condemned to repeat it.
Fonte: Choke

Walt Disney photo

„To all who come to this happy place: Welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past, and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future.“

—  Walt Disney American film producer and businessman 1901 - 1966

Speech on the opening day of Disneyland (17 July 1955) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bf2TMwtCUr4
Contexto: To all who come to this happy place: Welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past, and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future. Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, the dreams, and the hard facts that have created America; with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world.

Osama bin Laden photo

„As for those who condemned these operations looked at the event [9/11] in isolation and failed to connect them to past events and did not look at the causes that lead to this result. So their point of view is narrow.“

—  Osama bin Laden founder of al-Qaeda 1957 - 2011

Al - Jazeera Broadcast Tape - On 9/11 and the American reaction http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dls5JTD-uG0 (The date of this tape is not provided, though it seems to be 2002 or 2003, but could be as early as October 2001.)
2000s

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