„The homeostatic principle does not apply literally to the functioning of all complex living systems, in that in counteracting entropy they move toward growth and expansion.“

—  Daniel Katz, p. 23
Daniel Katz photo
Daniel Katz11
American psychologist 1903 - 1998

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Ilya Prigogine photo

„The functional order maintained within living systems seems to defy the Second Law; nonequilibrium thermodynamics describes how such systems come to terms with entropy.“

—  Ilya Prigogine physical chemist 1917 - 2003
Part 1; Cited in: Evgenii Rudnyi (2013) " Thermodynamics of evolution http://blog.rudnyi.ru/2013/04/thermodynamics-of-evolution.html" on blog.rudnyi.ru, April 20, 2013. ·

Ilya Prigogine photo
Francis Heylighen photo
John Rogers Searle photo
C. Northcote Parkinson photo

„Expansion means complexity, and complexity decay.“

—  C. Northcote Parkinson British naval historian 1909 - 1993
Cited in: Ian Charles Jarvie (2014), Towards a Sociology of the Cinema (ILS 92). p. 34

Ervin László photo
Benjamin Ricketson Tucker photo

„Complexity science is a project aimed at unification, trying to establish principles that are common to all adaptive systems.“

—  David Krakauer scientist 1967
David Krakauer, conversation with Manuel Stagars on August 2017. https://www.facebook.com/santafeinstitute/videos/10154706225981058/

Béla H. Bánáthy photo
Buckminster Fuller photo

„The quantity of energy that ceased to "fall in" is the system's entropy.“

—  Buckminster Fuller American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist 1895 - 1983
Context: Critical proximity occurs where there is angular transition from "falling back in" at 180-degree to 90-degree orbiting—which is precession. (Gravity may be described as "falling back in" at 180 degrees.) The quantity of energy that ceased to "fall in" is the system's entropy. Critical proximity is when it starts either "falling in" or going into orbit, which is the point where either entropy or antientropy begins. An aggregate of "falling ins" is a body. What we call an object or an entity is always an aggregate of interattracted entities; it is never a solid. And the critical proximity transition from being an aggregate entity to being a plurality of separate entities is precession, which is a "peeling off" into orbit rather than falling back in to the original entity aggregate. This explains entropy intimately. 130.01 http://www.rwgrayprojects.com/synergetics/s01/p3000.html

Kevin Kelly photo
Bruce Lee photo

„Among complex systems, stability is typically meta-stability, which is preserved through cycling, whilst growth and shrinkage are often components of a larger-scale, cyclic wave.“

—  Nick Land British philosopher 1962
"Eternal Return, and After" https://web.archive.org/web/20110718030428/http://www.thatsmags.com/shanghai/index.php/article/detail/269/eternal-return-and-after (2011)