„Free trade is not a principle; it is an expedient.“

—  Benjamin Disraeli, On Import Duties (25 April 1843). Compare: "It is a condition which confronts us, not a theory" (Grover Cleveland, Annual Message, 1887, in reference to the tariff); "Protection is not a principle but an expedient" (below).
Benjamin Disraeli photo
Benjamin Disraeli62
1804 - 1881

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Benjamin Disraeli photo

„Protection is not a principle, but an expedient.“

—  Benjamin Disraeli British Conservative politician, writer, aristocrat and Prime Minister 1804 - 1881
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1845/mar/17/agricultural-interest in the House of Commons (17 March 1845).

Paul Krugman photo
Alexander Mackenzie photo

„No Canadian government, whatever political party, will attempt to hinder the extension of the true principle of free trade all over the world“

—  Alexander Mackenzie 2nd Prime Minister of Canada 1822 - 1892
Speech The Banquet in Dundee July 13, 1875 - Speeches of Alexander Mackenzie during his recent visit...page 34

Zhu Rongji photo

„Free Tibet before free trade. AZ Quotes“

—  Zhu Rongji former Premier of the People's Republic of China 1928

Ha-Joon Chang photo

„Trade is simply too important for economic development to be left to free trade economists.“

—  Ha-Joon Chang Economist 1963
Context: The importance of international trade for economic development cannot be overemphasized. But free trade is not the best path to economic development. Trade helps economic development only when the country employs a mixture of protection and open trade, constantly adjusting it according to its changing needs and capabilities. Trade is simply too important for economic development to be left to free trade economists. Ch. 3, More trade, fewer ideologies, p. 83

Edmund Burke photo
W. Somerset Maugham photo
George Fitzhugh photo
David Lloyd George photo

„Free Trade may be the alpha, but it is not the omega, of Liberal policy.“

—  David Lloyd George Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1863 - 1945
Speech in Manchester (21 April 1908), quoted in Thomas Jones, Lloyd George (London: Oxford University Press, 1951), p. 35.

Stanley Baldwin photo

„A free trade unionism is a bulwark of popular liberty.“

—  Stanley Baldwin Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1867 - 1947
Context: Trade unionism, like friendly societies, is a peculiarly English growth. This country is the native soil in which such democratic institutions are indigenous. They are an integral part of the country's life, and they are a great stabilizing influence... Watch carefully the continuous efforts that are made by the Communist Party in this country to get control of and to destroy trade unionism. They do not want to destroy it for nothing. A free trade unionism is a bulwark of popular liberty. If trade unionism were destroyed you would be a long way on the road to Communism, and via Communism to Fascism. Speech to the Conservative Party Conference in Bournemouth (4 October 1935), quote in The Times (5 October 1935), p. 17.

Jean-Baptiste Say photo
Patrick Buchanan photo
Ha-Joon Chang photo

„Rich countries have 'kicked away the ladder' by forcing free-market, free-trade policies on poor countries.“

—  Ha-Joon Chang Economist 1963
Context: Rich countries have 'kicked away the ladder' by forcing free-market, free-trade policies on poor countries. Already established countries do not want more competitors emerging through the nationalistic policies they themselves successfully used in the past. Ch. 2, Learning the right lessons from history, p. 61

Ilana Mercer photo

„Chinese mercantilism is not free trade, but it is far better than American militarism.“

—  Ilana Mercer South African writer
“Just In From Mainstream: Barack Is As Thick As A Brick”, http://www.ilanamercer.com/phprunner/public_article_list_view.php?editid1=667 WorldNetDaily.com, August 24, 2012.

David McNally photo