„All realism derives from the analysis of knowledge; all idealism derives from the analysis of a thought.“

Methodical Realism

Última atualização 22 de Maio de 2020. História
Étienne Gilson photo
Étienne Gilson
1884 - 1978

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Timothy Dwight IV photo
Robert Graves photo

„Faults in English prose derive not so much from lack of knowledge, intelligence or art as from lack of thought, patience or goodwill.“

—  Robert Graves English poet and novelist 1895 - 1985

Fonte: The Reader Over Your Shoulder (1943), Ch. 3: "Where Is Good English to Be Found?"

Charles Abbott, 1st Baron Tenterden photo
Nostradamus photo

„Perfect knowledge of such things cannot be acquired without divine inspiration, given that all prophetic inspiration derives its initial origin from God Almighty, then from chance and nature.“

—  Nostradamus, livro Les Propheties

Les Propheties (1555), Preface
Contexto: Perfect knowledge of such things cannot be acquired without divine inspiration, given that all prophetic inspiration derives its initial origin from God Almighty, then from chance and nature. Since all these portents are produced impartially, prophecy comes to pass partly as predicted. For understanding created by the intellect cannot be acquired by means of the occult, only by the aid of the zodiac, bringing forth that small flame by whose light part of the future may be discerned. We need god to prosper those without him will not.

„Empiricism and positivism share the common view that scientific knowledge should in some way be derived from the facts arrived at by observation.“

—  Alan Chalmers, livro What Is This Thing Called Science?

Fonte: What Is This Thing Called Science? (Third Edition; 1999), Chapter 1, Science as knowledge derived form the facts of experience, p. 3.

Stephen Gaukroger photo
Benjamin Peirce photo

„The sphere of mathematics is here extended, in accordance with the derivation of its name, to all demonstrative research, so as to include all knowledge strictly capable of dogmatic teaching.“

—  Benjamin Peirce, Linear Associative Algebra

§ 1.
Linear Associative Algebra (1882)
Contexto: The sphere of mathematics is here extended, in accordance with the derivation of its name, to all demonstrative research, so as to include all knowledge strictly capable of dogmatic teaching. Mathematics is not the discoverer of laws, for it is not induction; neither is it the framer of theories, for it is not hypothesis; but it is the judge over both, and it is the arbiter to which each must refer its claims; and neither law can rule nor theory explain without the sanction of mathematics. It deduces from a law all its consequences, and develops them into the suitable form for comparison with observation, and thereby measures the strength of the argument from observation in favor of a proposed law or of a proposed form of application of a law.
Mathematics, under this definition, belongs to every enquiry, moral as well as physical. Even the rules of logic, by which it is rigidly bound, could not be deduced without its aid. The laws of argument admit of simple statement, but they must be curiously transposed before they can be applied to the living speech and verified by, observation.

Logan Pearsall Smith photo
Auguste Comte photo

„Mathematical Analysis is… the true rational basis of the whole system of our positive knowledge.“

—  Auguste Comte French philosopher 1798 - 1857

Bk. 1, chap. 1; as cited in: Robert Edouard Moritz. Memorabilia mathematica; or, The philomath's quotation-book https://archive.org/stream/memorabiliamathe00moriiala#page/81/mode/2up, (1914), p. 224
System of positive polity (1852)

Georges Bataille photo
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis photo

„The failure of the social sciences to think through and to integrate their several responsibilities for the common problem of relating the analysis of parts to the analysis of the whole constitutes one of the major lags crippling their utility as human tools of knowledge.“

—  Robert Staughton Lynd American sociologist 1892 - 1970

R.S. Lynd (1939) Knowledge of What? p. 15, cited in Karl William Kapp (1976), The nature and significance of institutional economics http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6435.1976.tb01971.x/abstract. in: Kyklos, Vol 29/2, Jan 1976, p. 209

„Facet analysis results in more varied, multidimensional relationships, at least in theory, better reflecting the complexity of subject knowledge“

—  Brian Campbell Vickery British information theorist 1918 - 2009

Vickery (1960, p. 13) as cited in: Steven Blake Shubert (1996) Subject Access to Museum Objects p. 429.

Russell L. Ackoff photo

„Analysis of a system reveals how it works; it provides know-how, knowledge, not understanding; that is, explanations of why it works the way it does.“

—  Russell L. Ackoff Scientist 1919 - 2009

This [understanding of why systems work] requires synthetic thinking... Analysis is the way scientists conduct research. Synthetic thinking is exemplified by design.
Ackoff & Greenberg (2008) Turning Learning Right Side Up. p. 61 as cited in: Stephen M Millett (2011) Managing the Future: A Guide to Forecasting and Strategic Planning. p. 52.
2000s

Czeslaw Milosz photo

„But precisely because such an analysis of history comes closer to the truth, it is more dangerous. It gives the illusion of full knowledge“

—  Czeslaw Milosz, livro The Captive Mind

The Captive Mind (1953)
Contexto: Undoubtedly, one comes closer to the truth when one sees history as the expression of the class struggle rather than a series of private quarrels among kings and nobles. But precisely because such an analysis of history comes closer to the truth, it is more dangerous. It gives the illusion of full knowledge; it supplies answers to all questions, answers which merely run around in a circle repeating a few formulas.

Harold Demsetz photo

„Modern analysis has yet to describe inefficiency in a world where indivisibilities are present and knowledge is costly to produce.“

—  Harold Demsetz American economist 1930 - 2019

Fonte: "Information and Efficiency: Another Viewpoint." (1969), p. 19; cited in: Eggertsson (1990; 23)

Aristotle photo

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“