„My goal was to have one husband and seven children, but it turned out to be the other way around.“

—  Lana Turner, Quoted in Malone, Audrey: Hollywood's Second Sex: The Treatment of Women in the Film Industry, 1900-1999 (2015), p. 61.
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Lana Turner
1921 - 1995
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„But it's exactly the other way around for an out-group member.“

—  Robert Trivers American evolutionary biologist and sociobiologist 1943
Context: People are often unconscious of some of the mechanisms that naturally occur in them in a biased way. For example, if I do something that is beneficial to you or to others, I will use the active voice: I did this, I did that, then benefits rained down on you. But if I did something that harmed others, I unconsciously switch to a passive voice: this happened, then that happened, then unfortunately you suffered these costs. One example I always loved was a man in San Francisco who ran into a telephone pole with his car, and he described it to the police as, "the pole was approaching my car, I attempted to swerve out-of-the-way, when it struck me." Let me give you another, the way in which group membership can entrain language-usages that are self-deceptive. You can divide people into in-groups or out-groups, or use naturally occurring in-groups and out-groups, and if someone's a member of your in-group and they do something nice, you give a general description of it – "he's a generous person". If they do something negative, you state a particular fact: "in this case he misled me", or something like that. But it's exactly the other way around for an out-group member. If an out-group member does something nice, you give a specific description of it: "she gave me directions to where I wanted to go". But if she does something negative, you say, "she's a selfish person". So these kinds of manipulations of reality are occurring largely unconsciously. As quoted in Science at the Edge: Conversations with the Leading Scientific Thinkers of Today (2008), p. 170

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