„The price-tax conditions necessary to sustain the Pareto optimality of a competitive market solution under the assumed convexity conditions are tantamount to standard Pigovian rules, with neither taxes imposed upon, nor compensation paid to, the victims of externalities.“

—  William Jack Baumol, The theory of environmental policy, 1988, p. 45; Cited in: Vatn, Arild, and Daniel W. Bromley. "Externalities-a market model failure." Environmental and resource economics 9.2 (1997): 135-151.

Citações relacionadas

Tjalling Koopmans photo
David Orrell photo
Robert A. Dahl photo
Rudolf E. Kálmán photo

„::(ii) Conditions which guarantee a priori the existence, physical realizability, and stability of the optimal filter.“

—  Rudolf E. Kálmán Hungarian-born American electrical engineer 1930 - 2016
New results in linear filtering and prediction theory (1961)

David Allen photo

„Maximizing is not optimizing. Sustainable engagement wins, in the end.“

—  David Allen American productivity consultant and author 1945
Official Twitter profile (@gtdguy) https://twitter.com/gtdguy, 8 October 2010 https://twitter.com/gtdguy/status/26778825813

Paul Krugman photo
Tjalling Koopmans photo

„Optimizing responses of economic agents are simultaneously feasible only if the proper prices are already known to them. But these prices must somehow themselves be the result of the same responses.“

—  Tjalling Koopmans Dutch American economist 1910 - 1985
Tjalling C. Koopmans, "Is the Theory of Competitive Equilibrium With It?," The American Economic Review, Vol. 64, No. 2, May 1974; p. 327

Clayton M. Christensen photo
Erik Naggum photo

„Optimization is generally detrimental to future success, but it is the only way to accomplish present success in competition with others who are equally interested in short-term results.“

—  Erik Naggum Norwegian computer programmer 1965 - 2009
Usenet articles, Miscellaneous, Re: O'reilly subjugated to the Lisp juggenaut http://groups.google.com/group/comp.lang.lisp/msg/a10d0e7d8e7354b2 (Usenet article).

F. H. Bradley photo

„Of Optimism I have said that "The world is the best of all possible worlds, and everything in it is a necessary evil."“

—  F. H. Bradley, livro Appearance and Reality
Appearance and Reality, preface http://books.google.com/books?id=EtgtAAAAYAAJ&q=%22of+optimism+I+have+said+that+The+world+is+the+best+of+all+possible+worlds+and+everything+in+it+is+a+necessary+evil%22&pg=PR14#v=onepage (1893).

Eliezer Yudkowsky photo

„Declaring yourself to be operating by "Crocker's Rules" means that other people are allowed to optimize their messages for information, not for being nice to you.“

—  Eliezer Yudkowsky American blogger, writer, and artificial intelligence researcher 1979
Context: Declaring yourself to be operating by "Crocker's Rules" means that other people are allowed to optimize their messages for information, not for being nice to you. Crocker's Rules means that you have accepted full responsibility for the operation of your own mind — if you're offended, it's your fault. Anyone is allowed to call you a moron and claim to be doing you a favor. (Which, in point of fact, they would be. One of the big problems with this culture is that everyone's afraid to tell you you're wrong, or they think they have to dance around it.) Two people using Crocker's Rules should be able to communicate all relevant information in the minimum amount of time, without paraphrasing or social formatting. Obviously, don't declare yourself to be operating by Crocker's Rules unless you have that kind of mental discipline. Note that Crocker's Rules does not mean you can insult people; it means that other people don't have to worry about whether they are insulting you. Crocker's Rules are a discipline, not a privilege. Furthermore, taking advantage of Crocker's Rules does not imply reciprocity. How could it? Crocker's Rules are something you do for yourself, to maximize information received — not something you grit your teeth over and do as a favor. Promoting "Crocker's Rules" at SL4 (c. 2000) http://www.sl4.org/crocker.html

Raymond Aron photo

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“