### „If a and b yield C, but C is not equal to a+b, then we have emergence.“

— Varadaraja V. Raman American physicist 1932

page 313

Truth and Tension in Science and Religion

As quoted in Hermann Weyl, "Emmy Noether" (April 26, 1935) in Weyl's Levels of Infinity: Selected Writings on Mathematics and Philosophy (2012) p. 64.

— Varadaraja V. Raman American physicist 1932

page 313

Truth and Tension in Science and Religion

— Lloyd Alexander American children's writer 1924 - 2007

"The Flat-Heeled Muse", Horn Book Magazine (1 April 1965)

— Halldór Laxness, livro Kristnihald undir Jökli (bók)

Kristnihald undir Jökli (Under the Glacier/Christianity at Glacier) (1968)

The analytical method accepts as proven the most famous [ as known from Euclid ] symbolic use of equalities and proportions that are found in items such as:

1. The whole is equal to the sum of its parts.

2. Quantities being equal to the same quantity have equality between themselves. [a = c & b = c => a = b]

3. If equal quantities are added to equal quantities the resulting sums are equal.

4. If equals are subtracted from equal quantities the remains are equal.

5. If equal equal amounts are multiplied by equal amounts the products are equal.

6. If equal amounts are divided by equal amounts, the quotients are equal.

7. If the quantities are in direct proportion so also are they are in inverse and alternate proportion. [a:b::c:d=>b:a::d:c & a:c::b:d]

8. If the quantities in the same proportion are added likewise to amounts in the same proportion, the sums are in proportion. [a:b::c:d => (a+c):(b+d)::c:d]

9. If the quantities in the same proportion are subtracted likewise from amounts in the same proportion, the differences are in proportion. [a:b::c:d => (a-c):(b-d)::c:d]

10. If proportional quantities are multiplied by proportional quantities the products are in proportion. [a:b::c:d & e:f::g:h => ae:bf::cg:dh]

11. If proportional quantities are divided by proportional quantities the quotients are in proportion. [a:b::c:d & e:f::g:h => a/e:b/f::c/g:d/h]

12. A common multiplier or divisor does not change an equality nor a proportion. [a:b::ka:kb & a:b::(a/k):(b/k)]

13. The product of different parts of the same number is equal to the product of the sum of these parts by the same number. [ka + kb = k(a+b)]

14. The result of successive multiplications or divisions of a magnitude by several others is the same regardless of the sequential order of quantities multiplied times or divided into that magnitude.

But the masterful symbolic use of equalities and proportions which the analyst may apply any time is the following:

15. If we have three or four magnitudes and the product of the extremes is equal to the product means, they are in proportion. [ad=bc => a:b::c:d OR ac=b2 => a:b::b:c]

And conversely

10. If we have three or four magnitudes and the first is to the second as the second or the third is to the last, the product of the extremes is equal to that of means. [a:b::c:d => ad=bc OR a:b::b:c => ac=b2]

We can call a proportion the establishment of an equality [equation] and an equality [equation] the resolution of a proportion.“

— François Viète French mathematician 1540 - 1603

From Frédéric Louis Ritter's French Tr. Introduction à l'art Analytique (1868) utilizing Google translate with reference to English translation in Jacob Klein, Greek Mathematical Thought and the Origin of Algebra (1968) Appendix

In artem analyticem Isagoge (1591)

B. A great disorder is an order. These

Two things are one.“

— Wallace Stevens American poet 1879 - 1955

"Connoisseur of Chaos"

Parts of a World (1942)

— Gottlob Frege, Sense and reference

As cited in: M. Fitting, Richard L. Mendelsoh (1999), First-Order Modal Logic, p. 142. They called this Frege's Puzzle.

Über Sinn und Bedeutung, 1892

— Steve Sailer American journalist and movie critic 1958

How to Help the Left Half of the Bell Curve http://www.isteve.com/How_to_Help_the_Left_Half_of_the_Bell_Curve.htm, VDARE.com, July to September 2000

— Milton Friedman American economist, statistician, and writer 1912 - 2006

“Milton Friedman vs Free Lunch Advocate” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Qe7fLL25AQ (1980s)

— Ilana Mercer South African writer

"Hollywood: The No-Good, The Bad And The Beastly" http://www.americandailyherald.com/pundits/ilana-mercer/item/hollywood-the-no-good-the-bad-and-the-beastly American Daily Herald, March 10, 2014.

2010s, 2014

— Gottlob Frege, Sense and reference

The discovery that the rising sun is not new every morning, but always the same, was one of the most fertile astronomical discoveries. Even to-day the identification of a small planet or a comet is not always a matter of course. Now if we were to regard equality as a relation between that which the names 'a' and 'b' designate, it would seem that a = b could not differ from a = a (i.e. provided a = b is true). A relation would thereby be expressed of a thing to itself, and indeed one in which each thing stands to itself but to no other thing.

As cited in: M. Fitting, Richard L. Mendelsoh (1999), First-Order Modal Logic, p. 142. They called this Frege's Puzzle.

Über Sinn und Bedeutung, 1892

— John Rawls, livro A Theory of Justice

Fonte: A Theory of Justice (1971; 1975; 1999), Chapter II, Section 11, pg. 60

— Kenneth E. Boulding British-American economist 1910 - 1993

McCloskey (2013) commented earlier: "Boulding invented what he called, infelicitiously, "grants economics" (he might better have used the anthropologist's term gifts, or even the theologian's term grace... It's an idea about the economy, but draws the attention of economists to exactly what they do not attend to when thinking of exchange alone."

Fonte: 1970s, The Economy of Love and Fear, 1973, p. i as cited in: Deirdre Nansen McCloskey (2013) What Boulding Said Went Wrong with Economics, A Quarter Century On http://www.deirdremccloskey.com/editorials/boulding.php

— Halldór Laxness Icelandic author 1902 - 1998

Heimsljós (World Light) (1940), Book Four: The Beauty of the Heavens

— Halldór Laxness Icelandic author 1902 - 1998

Sjálfstætt fólk (Independent People) (1935), Book Two, Part III: Conclusion

— Cyrus H. Gordon American linguist 1908 - 2001

let alone before the date of any known Hebrew text

Introduction

Adventures in the Nearest East (1957)

— Charles Thomson (artist) British artist 1953

Dalya Alberge, "One Man and His Boat Sail into a Storm over the Turner" http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-1905555,00.html The Times, 2005-12-06.

On the 2005 Turner Prize winner, Simon Starling, who turned a shed into a boat and back into a shed.

— Mignon McLaughlin American journalist 1913 - 1983

The Complete Neurotic's Notebook (1981), Love

— Ronald H. Coase British economist and author 1910 - 2013

1960s-1980s, "The Problem of Social Cost" (1960)

— Nicole Hollander Cartoonist 1939

Fonte: Sylvia cartoon strip, p. 25