„The complete analysis of the methods of scientific inference shows that the theory of inference in science demands the use of ethical judgments“

—  Charles West Churchman, 1940s - 1950s, Theory of Experimental Inference (1948), p. 256; cited in Douglas, H.E. (2009) Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal

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„Cybernetics is the science or the art of manipulating defensible metaphors; showing how they may be constructed and what can be inferred as a result of their existence.“

—  Gordon Pask British psychologist 1928 - 1996
Pask (1966) The Cybernetics of Human Performance and Learning. Cited in: George J. Klír (2001) Facets of Systems Science. p. 429.

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„Ethical judgments can be [should be] included in the scope of science“

—  C. West Churchman American philosopher and systems scientist 1913 - 2004
1940s - 1950s, Theory of Experimental Inference (1948), Cited in: John P. van Gigch (2006) Wisdom, Knowledge, and Management. p. 2

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Karl Pearson photo
Bertrand Russell photo
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Robert G. Ingersoll photo

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