„The last decade has seen a steady increase in the application of concepts from the theory of games to the study of evolution. Fields as diverse as sex ratio theory, animal distribution, contest behaviour and reciprocal altruism have contributed to what is now emerging as a universal way of thinking about phenotypic evolution.“

—  John Maynard Smith, p. vii.
John Maynard Smith photo
John Maynard Smith
1920 - 2004

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John Maynard Smith photo
Ervin László photo

„In the penultimate decade of the twentieth century science is sufficiently advanced to resolve the puzzles that stymied scientists in the last century and demonstrate, without metaphysical speculation, the consistency of evolution in all realms of experience. It is now possible to advance a general evolution theory based on unitary and mutually consistent concepts derived from the empirical sciences.“

—  Ervin László Hungarian musician and philosopher 1932
p. 21 as cited in: Kingsley L. Dennis (2003) An evolutionary paradigm of social systems : An Application of Ervin Laszlo's General. Evolutionary Systems Theory to the Internet http://quigley.mab.ms/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/An-Evolutionary-Paradigm-of-Social-Systems-MA-Thesis.pdf.

Sri Aurobindo photo
Jacques Monod photo

„A curious aspect of the theory of evolution is that everybody thinks he understands it.“

—  Jacques Monod French biologist 1910 - 1976
Monod (1974) On the Molecular Theory of Evolution

Richard Dawkins photo

„Today the theory of evolution is about as much open to doubt as the theory that the earth goes round the sun.“

—  Richard Dawkins English ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author 1941
Ch. 1. Why Are People?

Georges Lemaître photo
Jonas Salk photo

„I speak about universal evolution and teleological evolution, because I think the process of evolution reflects the wisdom of nature.“

—  Jonas Salk Inventor of polio vaccine 1914 - 1995
Context: I speak about universal evolution and teleological evolution, because I think the process of evolution reflects the wisdom of nature. I see the need for wisdom to become operative. We need to try to put all of these things together in what I call an evolutionary philosophy of our time.

Steven Wright photo
Richard Dawkins photo
Mike Huckabee photo

„The subject is not just the theory of evolution, the subject is the reality of God.“

—  Phillip E. Johnson American Law clerk 1940
Hank Hanegraaf's "Bible Answer Man" radio program (19 December 2001)


„Neither evolution nor creation qualifies as a scientific theory.“

—  Duane Gish American biochemist 1921 - 2013
(Creation, Evolution, and Public Education)

Matt Ridley photo
Sun Myung Moon photo
Pope John Paul II photo

„(...) New knowledge has led to the recognition of the theory of evolution as more than a hypothesis. It is indeed remarkable that this theory has been progressively accepted by researchers, following a series of discoveries in various fields of knowledge. The convergence, neither sought nor fabricated, of the results of work that was conducted independently is in itself a significant argument in favor of this theory.“

—  Pope John Paul II 264th Pope of the Catholic Church, saint 1920 - 2005
Note: early news reports mistranslated the French phrase plus qu'une hypothèse as "more than one hypothesis". http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/sciences/LifeScience/PhysicalAnthropology/EvolutionFact/Evolution/Evolution.htm Message to the participants in the Plenary of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 22 October 1996 Source: Libreria Editrice Vaticana http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/messages/pont_messages/1996/documents/hf_jp-ii_mes_19961022_evoluzione_fr.html (French)