„Is a virus a living organism? What is a gene, and how does the original genetic constitution of a living organism express itself in the developed characteristics of the adult? Do complex protein molecules "know how" to reduplicate their pattern, and is this an essential clue to the problem of reproduction of living creatures? All these are certainly complex problems, but they are not problems of disorganized complexity, to which statistical methods hold the key. They are all problems which involve dealing simultaneously with a sizable number of factors which are interrelated into an organic whole. They are all, in the language here proposed, problems of organized complexity.“

Fonte: Science and Complexity, 1948, p. 537

Warren Weaver photo
Warren Weaver
1894 - 1978

Citações relacionadas

„We are confronted with problems of organized complexity… organization runs through all levels of reality and science.“

—  Ludwig von Bertalanffy austrian biologist and philosopher 1901 - 1972

Fonte: 1960s, Robots, Men and Minds (1967), p. 58. as cited in: Doede Keuning (1973) Algemene systeemtheorie. p. 185

George Klir photo

„Complex problems do not demand complex solutions.“

—  Charles Allen Kollar

Solution-Focused Pastoral Counseling: An Effective Short-Term Approach for Getting People Back on Track

Lotfi A. Zadeh photo

„In general, complexity and precision bear an inverse relation to one another in the sense that, as the complexity of a problem increases, the possibility of analysing it in precise terms diminishes. Thus 'fuzzy thinking' may not be deplorable, after all, if it makes possible the solution of problems which are much too complex for precise analysis.“

—  Lotfi A. Zadeh Electrical engineer and computer scientist 1921 - 2017

Zadeh (1972) "Fuzzy languages and their relation to human intelligence". in: Proceedings of the International Conference Man and Computer, Bordeaux, France. Basel: S. Karger, pp. 130-165. cited in Gaines (1976) "Foundations of fuzzy reasoning" in: International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 8(6), p. 624
1970s

„An objective of O. R. as it emerged from this evolution of industrial organization, is to provide managers of the organizations with a scientific basis for solving problems involving the interaction of the components of the organization in the best interest of the organization as a whole. A decision which is best for the organization as a whole is called optimum decision.“

—  C. West Churchman American philosopher and systems scientist 1913 - 2004

Fonte: 1940s - 1950s, Introduction to Operations Research (1957), p. 6; Partly cited in: Werner Ulrich (2004) " In memory of C. West Churchman (1913–2004) http://www.wulrich.com/downloads/ulrich_2004d.pdf." Journal of Organisational Transformation and Social Change. Vol 1 (Nr. 2–3) p. 210

Albert Pike photo

„To organize Anarchy, is the problem which the revolutionists have and will eternally have to resolve.“

—  Albert Pike, livro Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry

Fonte: Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry (1871), Ch. XXXII : Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret
Contexto: To organize Anarchy, is the problem which the revolutionists have and will eternally have to resolve. It is the rock of Sisyphus that will always fall back upon them. To exist a single instant, they are and always will be by fatality reduced to improvise a despotism without other reason of existence than necessity, and which, consequently, is violent and blind as Necessity. We escape from the harmonious monarchy of Reason, only to fall under the irregular dictatorship of Folly.
Sometimes superstitious enthusiasms, sometimes the miserable calculations of the materialist instinct have led astray the nations, and God at last urges the world on toward believing Reason and reasonable Beliefs.
We have had prophets enough without philosophy, and philosophers without religion; the blind believers and the skeptics resemble each other, and are as far the one as the other from the eternal salvation.

John Kenneth Galbraith photo

„The drive toward complex technical achievement offers a clue to why the US is good at space gadgetry and bad at slum problems.“

—  John Kenneth Galbraith American economist and diplomat 1908 - 2006

Article in The Saturday Evening Post, 1968 http://books.google.com/books?id=rxsfAQAAMAAJ&q=%22The+drive+toward+complex+technical+achievement+offers+a+clue+to+why+the+U.S.+is+good+at+space+gadgetry+and+bad+at+slum+problems%22&pg=PA86

Douglas Engelbart photo

„Human beings face ever more complex and urgent problems, and their effectiveness in dealing with these problems is a matter that is critical to the stability and continued progress of society“

—  Douglas Engelbart American engineer and inventor 1925 - 2013

Fonte: Program On Human Effectiveness, 1996, https://web.stanford.edu/dept/SUL/library/extra4/sloan/mousesite/Archive/Post68/PrHumanEffectiveness.html

Milton Friedman photo

„The basic problem of social organization is how to co-ordinate the economic activities of large numbers of people.“

—  Milton Friedman American economist, statistician, and writer 1912 - 2006

Fonte: (1962), Ch. 1 The Relation Between Economic Freedom and Political Freedom, p. 12

Ed Yourdon photo
George Klir photo
Sydney Brenner photo

„Current ideas of the uses of Model Organisms spring form the exemplars of the past and choosing the right organism for one's research is as important as finding the right problems to work on. In all my research these two problems have been closely intertwined.“

—  Sydney Brenner South African biologist, Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine 2002 1927 - 2019

Nobel Lecture http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2002/brenner-lecture.pdf, Sydney Brenner, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2002

António Guterres photo

„The dramatic problems of today's complex world can only inspire a humble approach.“

—  António Guterres Secretary-General of the United Nations 1949

Quoted in "UN General Assembly elects Guterres as secretary-general" http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/ct-un-secretary-general-guterres-20161013-story.html, Chicago Tribune (13 October 2016)

Umberto Eco photo

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“