„The theory of games was first formalised by Von Neumann & Morgenstern (1953) in reference to human economic behaviour. Since that time, the theory has undergone extensive development… Sensibly enough, a central assumption of classical game theory is that the players will behave rationally, and according to some criterion of self-interest. Such an assumption would clearly be out of place in an evolutionary context. Instead, the criterion of rationality is replaced by that of population dynamics and stability, and the criterion of self-interest by Darwinian fitness.“

—  John Maynard Smith, livro Evolution and the Theory of Games

Fonte: Evolution and the Theory of Games (1973), p. 1-2.

John Maynard Smith photo
John Maynard Smith
1920 - 2004

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„The outcome of a non-constant-sum game may be dictated by the individual rationality of the respective players without satisfying a criterion of collective rationality.“

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Anatol Rapoport. (1974). Game Theory as a Theory of Conflict Resolution p. 4
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