Frases de William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman photo
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William Tecumseh Sherman

Data de nascimento: 8. Fevereiro 1820
Data de falecimento: 14. Fevereiro 1891

William Tecumseh Sherman foi um soldado, empresário, educador e autor norte-americano. Foi general no Exército da União durante a Guerra de Secessão, pela qual recebeu reconhecimento por seu excelente comando da estratégia militar e também críticas pela dureza das políticas de "terra queimada" que implementou ao conduzir guerra total contra os Estados Confederados da América.

Sherman serviu sob o general Ulysses S. Grant em 1862 e 1863 durante as campanhas que levaram a queda do reduto confederado de Vicksburg no Rio Mississippi, culminando com o roteamento dos exércitos confederados no Tennessee. Sherman sucedeu Grant em 1864 como comandante da União no fronte ocidental. Ele procedeu para liderar suas tropas a captura de Atlanta, um sucesso militar que contribuiu para a reeleição do presidente Abraham Lincoln. A Marcha ao Mar subsequente de Sherman através da Geórgia e das Carolinas minaram ainda mais a capacidade confederada de continuar o confronto. Ele aceitou em abril de 1865 a rendição dos exércitos confederados na Geórgia, nas Carolinas e na Flórida.

Sherman tornou-se General Comandante do Exército quando Grant assumiu a presidência em 1869. Como tal, foi responsável pela participação americana nas guerras indígenas nos quinze anos seguintes. Ele recusou-se firmemente a ser puxado para a política e publicou em 1875 suas memórias, um dos mais conhecidos relatos em primeira mão da Guerra de Secessão. O historiador militar britânico B. H. Liddell Hart declarou que Sherman foi "o primeiro general moderno".

Citações William Tecumseh Sherman

„Vocês, povo do sul, não sabem o que estão por fazer. Este país será encharcado em sangue, e somente Deus sabe como tudo terminará. É tudo insensatez, loucura, um crime contra à civilização! Vocês falam tão levianamente sobre a guerra; não sabem de que dizem. A guerra é uma coisa terrível! Vocês subestimam também o povo do norte. É um povo pacífico, mas firme nos seus propósitos, que lutará também. Não deixarão este país ser destruído sem um poderoso esforço para conservá-lo… Além do mais, onde estão seus homens e meios da guerra para enfrentá-los? O norte pode produzir motores a vapor, locomotivas, e vagões; vocês mal podem fazer uma jarda do pano ou um par de sapatos. Estão se precipitando para a guerra contra um dos povos os mais poderosos, mecanicamente engenhosos e determinados na face da Terra – bem diante das suas portas. Estão fadados ao fracasso. Estão preparados para a guerra apenas nos seus espíritos e na sua determinação. Em tudo mais estão despreparados, a começar com uma má causa para defender. No início, farão progressos, mas quando seus recursos limitados começam a falhar, alijados dos mercados europeus como ficarão, a sua causa começará a esmaecer. Se o seu povo parar para pensar, terá que perceber que afinal falhará.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

Para amigo próximo David F. Boyd, entusiasta da causa confederada, ao ouvir sobre a secessão da Carolina do Sul. As palavras foram proféticas com relação ao que aconteceu nos 4 anos seguintes - fonte: Lewis, Lloyd, Sherman: Fighting Prophet, p.138

„Em nosso país uma classe de homem move a guerra, e deixa que uma outra classe a lute.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

I notice in our country, one class of people make war and leave others to fight it out.
citado em "Sherman and his campaigns: a military biography" - Página 463 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=48UEAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA463, Samuel Millard Bowman, Richard Biddle Irwin - C.B. Richardson, 1865 - 512 páginas

„Se forçado a escolher entre a Casa Branca e a penitenciária por 4 anos, como diria o velho professor Molinard: penitenciária, obrigado.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

If forced to choose between the penitentiary and White House for four years, like old Professor Molinard, 1 would say the penitentiary, thank you
citado em "The War of the Rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies" - página 794, United States. War Dept, Robert Nicholson Scott, Henry Martyn Lazelle - Govt. Print. Off.,1891
Quando convidado a abraçar a carreira política

„Creio que entendo o que é glória militar: é ser morto em campo de batalha e ter seu nome escrito errado nos jornais.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

military fame is — to be killed on the field of battle and have our names spelled wrong in the newspapers.
citado em "Sherman, fighting prophet", Lloyd Lewis - Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1932 - 690 páginas

„Guerra é crueldade. É inútil tentar reformá-la. Quanto mais cruel seja, antes terminará.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

War is cruelty. There's no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is the sooner it will be over.
citado em "Grenville M. Dodge, soldier, politician, railroad pioneer" - página 87, Stanley P. Hirshson - Indiana University Press, 1967 - 334 páginas

„Qualquer tentativa de fazer a guerra mais fácil e segura resultará em humilhação e desastre.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

Every attempt to make war easy and safe will result in humiliation and disaster
Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. Vol. 2 - Página 408 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=5MO4FFydjJ8C&pg=PA408, Gale Cengage Learning, 1875, ISBN 143281303X, 9781432813031

„Estou cansado e enjoado da guerra. A glória não é mais que a luz do luar. Somente aqueles que nunca deram um tiro, nem ouviram os gritos e os gemidos dos feridos, é que clamam por sangue, vingança e mais desolação. A guerra é o inferno.“

—  William Tecumseh Sherman

I am tired and sick of war. Its glory is all moonshine. It is only those who have neither fired a shot nor heard the shrieks and groans of the wounded who cry aloud for blood, more vengeance, more desolation. War is hell
citado em "Peace, war and you‎" - Página 20, Jerome Davis - H. Schuman, 1952 - 282 páginas

„At Beaufort, Hilton Head, Savannah, Fernandina, St. Augustine, and Jacksonville, the blacks may remain in their chosen or accustomed vocations; but on the islands, and in the settlements hereafter to be established no white person whatever, unless military officers and soldiers detailed for duty, will be permitted to reside; and the sole and exclusive management of affairs will be left to the freed people themselves, subject only to the United States military authority, and the acts of Congress. By the laws of war, and orders of the President of the United States, the negro is free, and must be dealt with as such.“

—  William T. Sherman

He cannot be subjected to conscription, or forced military service, save by the written orders of the highest military authority of the department, under such regulations as the President or Congress may prescribe. Domestic servants, blacksmiths, carpenters, and other mechanics, will be free to select their own work and residence, but the young and able-bodied negroes must be encouraged to enlist as soldiers in the service of the United States, to contribute their share toward maintaining their own freedom, and securing their rights as citizens of the United States.
1860s, 1865, Special Field Order No. 15 (January 1865)

„In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with.“

—  William T. Sherman

Comments to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860), as quoted in The Civil War : A Book of Quotations (2004) by Robert Blaisdell. Also quoted in The Civil War: A Narrative (1986) by Shelby Foote, p. 58.
1860s, 1860
Contexto: You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it … Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail.

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„No rebels shall be allowed to remain at Davis Mill so much as an hour.“

—  William T. Sherman

Dispatch to Brig. Gen. Stephen Hurlbut (July 1862)<!-- published where? -->
1860s, 1862, Dispatch to Stephen A. Hurlbut (July 1862)
Contexto: No rebels shall be allowed to remain at Davis Mill so much as an hour. Allow them to go, but do not let them stay. And let it be known that if a farmer wishes to burn his cotton, his house, his family, and himself, he may do so. But not his corn. We want that.

„I assert that no army ever did more for that race than the one I commanded at Savannah.“

—  William T. Sherman

As quoted in Memoirs of General W.T. Sherman, 2nd ed., D. Appleton & Co., 1913 (1889). Reprinted by the Library of America, 1990<!--, ,--> p. 729.
1880s
Contexto: My aim then was to whip the rebels, to humble their pride, to follow them to their inmost recesses, and make them fear and dread us. 'Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.' I did not want them to cast in our teeth what General Hood had once done at Atlanta, that we had to call on their slaves to help us to subdue them. But, as regards kindness to the race..., I assert that no army ever did more for that race than the one I commanded at Savannah.

„You might as well appeal against the thunder-storm as against these terrible hardships of war.“

—  William T. Sherman

1860s, 1864, Letter to the City of Atlanta (September 1864)
Contexto: You might as well appeal against the thunder-storm as against these terrible hardships of war. They are inevitable, and the only way the people of Atlanta can hope once more to live in peace and quiet at home, is to stop the war, which can only be done by admitting that it began in error and is perpetuated in pride.

„I'll tell you where he beats me though and where he beats the world. He doesn't give a damn about what the enemy does out of his sight, but it scares me like hell.“

—  William T. Sherman

Comments to James H. Wilson (22 October 1864), as quoted in Under the Old Flag: Recollections of Military Operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc Vol. 2 (1912) by James Harrison Wilson, p. 17.
1860s, 1864
Contexto: I am a damned sight smarter man than Grant. I know more about military history, strategy, and grand tactics than he does. I know more about supply, administration, and everything else than he does. I'll tell you where he beats me though and where he beats the world. He doesn't give a damn about what the enemy does out of his sight, but it scares me like hell. … I am more nervous than he is. I am more likely to change my orders or to countermarch my command than he is. He uses such information as he has according to his best judgment; he issues his orders and does his level best to carry them out without much reference to what is going on about him and, so far, experience seems to have fully justified him.

„I am a damned sight smarter man than Grant.“

—  William T. Sherman

Comments to James H. Wilson (22 October 1864), as quoted in Under the Old Flag: Recollections of Military Operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc Vol. 2 (1912) by James Harrison Wilson, p. 17.
1860s, 1864
Contexto: I am a damned sight smarter man than Grant. I know more about military history, strategy, and grand tactics than he does. I know more about supply, administration, and everything else than he does. I'll tell you where he beats me though and where he beats the world. He doesn't give a damn about what the enemy does out of his sight, but it scares me like hell. … I am more nervous than he is. I am more likely to change my orders or to countermarch my command than he is. He uses such information as he has according to his best judgment; he issues his orders and does his level best to carry them out without much reference to what is going on about him and, so far, experience seems to have fully justified him.

„You have heretofore read public sentiment in your newspapers, that live by falsehood and excitement; and the quicker you seek for truth in other quarters, the better.“

—  William T. Sherman

1860s, 1864, Letter to the City of Atlanta (September 1864)
Contexto: You have heretofore read public sentiment in your newspapers, that live by falsehood and excitement; and the quicker you seek for truth in other quarters, the better. I repeat then that, by the original compact of government, the United States had certain rights in Georgia, which have never been relinquished and never will be; that the South began the war by seizing forts, arsenals, mints, custom-houses, etc., etc., long before Mr. Lincoln was installed, and before the South had one jot or tittle of provocation. I myself have seen in Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi, hundreds and thousands of women and children fleeing from your armies and desperadoes, hungry and with bleeding feet. In Memphis, Vicksburg, and Mississippi, we fed thousands and thousands of the families of rebel soldiers left on our hands, and whom we could not see starve. Now that war comes to you, you feel very different. You deprecate its horrors, but did not feel them when you sent car-loads of soldiers and ammunition, and moulded shells and shot, to carry war into Kentucky and Tennessee, to desolate the homes of hundreds and thousands of good people who only asked to live in peace at their old homes, and under the Government of their inheritance. But these comparisons are idle. I want peace, and believe it can only be reached through union and war, and I will ever conduct war with a view to perfect an early success.

„You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors.“

—  William T. Sherman

Comments to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860), as quoted in The Civil War : A Book of Quotations (2004) by Robert Blaisdell. Also quoted in The Civil War: A Narrative (1986) by Shelby Foote, p. 58.
1860s, 1860
Contexto: You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it … Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail.

„A people who will persevere in war beyond a certain limit ought to know the consequences. Many, many peoples with less pertinacity have been wiped out of national existence.“

—  William T. Sherman

Letter to Major R.M. Sawyer https://books.google.com/books?id=KZAtAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA280&lpg=PA280&dq=%22If+they+want+eternal+war%22&source=bl&ots=hqqkcQXgYR&sig=op8FljMWJcliz6HsZRrfGO9ShJs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx38jz5KrKAhVHMz4KHbleCckQ6AEIIjAB#v=onepage&q=%22If%20they%20want%20eternal%20war%22&f=false (31 January 1864), from Vicksburg.
1860s, 1864, Letter to R.M. Sawyer (January 1864)
Contexto: p>If they want eternal war, well and good; we accept the issue, and will dispossess them and put our friends in their place. I know thousands and millions of good people who at simple notice would come to North Alabama and accept the elegant houses and plantations there. If the people of Huntsville think different, let them persist in war three years longer, and then they will not be consulted. Three years ago by a little reflection and patience they could have had a hundred years of peace and prosperity, but they preferred war; very well. Last year they could have saved their slaves, but now it is too late.All the powers of earth cannot restore to them their slaves, any more than their dead grandfathers. Next year their lands will be taken, for in war we can take them, and rightfully, too, and in another year they may beg in vain for their lives. A people who will persevere in war beyond a certain limit ought to know the consequences. Many, many peoples with less pertinacity have been wiped out of national existence.</p

„You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about.“

—  William T. Sherman

Comments to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860), as quoted in The Civil War : A Book of Quotations (2004) by Robert Blaisdell. Also quoted in The Civil War: A Narrative (1986) by Shelby Foote, p. 58.
1860s, 1860
Contexto: You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it … Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail.

„And let it be known that if a farmer wishes to burn his cotton, his house, his family, and himself, he may do so. But not his corn. We want that.“

—  William T. Sherman

Dispatch to Brig. Gen. Stephen Hurlbut (July 1862)<!-- published where? -->
1860s, 1862, Dispatch to Stephen A. Hurlbut (July 1862)
Contexto: No rebels shall be allowed to remain at Davis Mill so much as an hour. Allow them to go, but do not let them stay. And let it be known that if a farmer wishes to burn his cotton, his house, his family, and himself, he may do so. But not his corn. We want that.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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