Frases de Tristan Tzara
Data de nascimento: 16. Abril 1896
Data de falecimento: 25. Dezembro 1963
Tristan Tzara, nascido Samuel ou Samy Rosenstock foi um poeta romeno, judeu e francês, um dos iniciadores do Dadaísmo. Em 1916, em plena Primeira Guerra Mundial , um grupo de refugiados em Zurique, na Suíça, iniciou o movimento artístico e literário chamado Dadaísmo, com o intúito de chocar a burguesia.
Seu pseudônimo significaria numa tradução livre "triste terra", tendo sido escolhido para protestar o tratamento dos judeus na Roménia.
Em 1917, após a partida de Hugo Ball, Tzara assumiu o controle do movimento dadaísta em Zurique. Proclamou a sua vontade de destruir a sociedade, os seus valores e a linguagem em obras como "Coração de gás" , "A anticabeça" e "O homem aproximativo" .
Após o declínio do movimento dadá, Tzara envolveu-se no surrealismo, juntou-se ao Partido Comunista e à Resistência Francesa. Tudo isto fez com que em obras como "A fuga" , "O fruto permitido" , "A Rosa e o Cão" , esteja patente uma consciência lírica, na qual traduziu as suas preocupações sociais e testemunhou a sua ânsia de defender o homem contra todas as formas de servidão.
É considerado o principal articulador do movimento estético-revolucionário dadá, que tem por objetivo detonar os valores artísticos da cultura ocidental da época. Nasce em Moinesti, na Romênia, mas é educado na França, onde começa a teorizar sobre o dadaísmo ainda durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial.
Escreve em 1916 A Primeira Aventura Celeste do Sr.Antipyrine e termina em 1918 os Vinte e Cinco Poemas. Com a divulgação do manifesto do movimento, Sete Manifestos Dada, de 1924, envolve-se em inúmeras atividades com os artistas André Breton, Philippe Soupault e Louis Aragon. O intuito do grupo é desintegrar as estruturas da linguagem artística da época e, com isso, chocar o público. O movimento não sobrevive à década de 30.
Em virtude do clima político de intolerância na Alemanha, que prenuncia a Segunda Guerra Mundial, seu fundador se une ao Partido Comunista em 1936 e luta na Resistência Francesa, depois da ocupação da França pelos nazistas. Produz uma poesia lírica, após essa fase, que revela preocupação com a angústia e a tragédia da condição humana.
Morreu em Paris e foi enterrado no cemitério de Montparnasse.
Citações Tristan Tzara
„I speak only of myself since I do not wish to convince, I have no right to drag others into my river, I oblige no one to follow me and everybody practices his art in his own way."
- Tristan Tzara "Dada Manifesto 1918“
— Tristan Tzara
Context: Dada; knowledge of all the means rejected up until now... Dada; abolition of logic, which is the dance of those impotent to create: Dada; of every social hierarchy and equation set up for the sake of values by our valets: Dada; every object, all objects, sentiments, obscurities, apparitions and the precise clash of parallel lines are weapons for the fight: Dada; abolition of memory: Dada; abolition of archaeology: Dada; abolition of prophets: Dada; abolition of the future: Dada; absolute and unquestionable faith in every god that is the immediate product of spontaneity:* Dada; elegant and unprejudiced leap from a harmony to the other sphere... Freedom: Dada Dada Dada, a roaring of tense colors, and interlacing of opposites and of all contradictions, grotesques, inconsistencies: LIFE.
„Some people think they can explain rationally, by thought, what they think. But that is extremely relative… There is no ultimate Truth. The dialectic is an amusing mechanism which guides us / in a banal kind of way / to the opinions we had in the first place. Does anyone think that, by a minute refinement of logic, he has demonstrated the truth and established the correctness of these opinions? Logic imprisoned by the senses is an organic disease“
„We Dadaists are often told that we are incoherent, but into this word people try to put an insult that it is rather hard for me to fathom. Everything is incoherent… There is no logic… The acts of life have no beginning and no end. Everything happens in a completely idiotic way. That is why everything is alike. Simplicity is called Dada. Any attempt to conciliate an inexplicable momentary state with logic strikes me as a boring kind of game… Like everything in life, Dada is useless… Perhaps you will understand me better when I tell you that Dada is a virgin microbe that penetrates with the insistence of air into all of the spaces that reason has not been able to fill with words or conventions.“
„If I shout:
Ideal, Ideal, Ideal
Knowledge, Knowledge, Knowledge,
Boomboom, Boomboom, Boomboom
I have recorded fairly accurately Progress, Law, Morals, and all the other magnificent qualities that various very intelligent people have discussed in so many books.“
— Tristan Tzara
As quoted in The Dada Almanac: Berlin 1920, (1983) ed. Richard Huelsenbeck, transl. Malcolm Green, p.127
„Nothing is more delightful than to confuse and upset people. People one doesn't like. What's the use of giving them explanations that are merely food for curiosity? The truth is that people love nothing but themselves and their little possessions, their income, their dog. This state of affairs derives from a false conception of property. If one is poor in spirit, one possesses a sure and indomitable intelligence, a savage logic, a point of view that can not be shaken. Try to be empty and fill your brain cells with a petty happiness. Always destroy what you have in you. On random walks..“
„Art has not the celestial and universal value that people like to attribute to it. Life is far more interesting. Dada knows the correct measure that should be given to art: with subtle, perfidious methods, Dada introduces it into daily life. And vice versa. In art, Dada reduces everything to an initial simplicity, growing always more relative. It mingles its caprices with the chaotic wind of creation and the barbaric dances of savage tribes. It wants logic reduced to a personal minimum.“
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„Experience is also a product of chance and individual faculties… I detest greasy objectivity, and harmony, the science that finds everything in order. Carry on, my children, humanity… Science says we are the servants of nature: everything is in order, make love and bash your brains in. Carry on, my children, humanity, kind bourgeois and journalist virgins… I am against systems, the most acceptable system is on principle to have none.“
„I know that you have come here today to hear explanations. Well, don't expect to hear any explanations about Dada. You explain to me why you exist. You haven't the faintest idea. You will say: I exist to make my children happy. But in your hearts you know that isn't so. You will say: I exist to guard my country, against barbarian invasions. That's a fine reason. You will say: I exist because God wills. That's a fairy tale for children.“
„A manifesto is a communication made to the whole world, whose only pretensions is to the discovery of an instant cure for political, astronomical, artistic, parliamentary, agronomical and literary syphilis. It may be pleasant, and good-natured, it's always right, it's strong, vigorous and logical.
Apropos of logic, I consider myself very likeable.“
— Tristan Tzara
In: 'Dada Manifesto On Feeble Love And Bitter Love', Intro of part II, by Tristan Tzara, 12th December 1920
— Tristan Tzara
As quoted in Dada Art and Anti-art, Hand Richter, Thames & Hudson, London & New York, 2004 Tzara's reaction when in 1921 w:Picabia, Man Ray and Marcel Duchamp jokingly asked to grant them permission to use the name 'Dada' as their own name for Dada in New York.