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Taylor Caldwell

Data de nascimento: 7. Setembro 1900
Data de falecimento: 30. Agosto 1985

Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell, mais conhecida como Taylor Caldwell foi uma escritora britânica. Autora de ficção popular, também utilizou em suas obras os pseudônimos Marcus Holland e Max Reiner, além de seu nome de casada .

Ela nasceu em Manchester, Inglaterra, em uma família de ascendência escocesa. Sua família descende do clã escocês MacGregor, do qual os Taylor é um clã subsidiário.

Com 6 anos de idade ela ganhou uma medalha por uma redação sobre Charles Dickens. Em 1907, ela emigrou para os Estados Unidos com seus pais, Arthur F. e Anna Caldwell, e seu irmão mais novo. Seu pai faleceu logo depois da mudança, o que ocasionou que sua família passasse por dificuldades nos EUA.

Com 8 anos de idade ela começou a escrever histórias e, na verdade, escreveu sua primeira novela, O Romance de Atlântida, aos 12 anos . Apesar de sua saúde, ela continuou a escrever prolificamente.

Entre 1918 e 1919, ela serviu na Reserva da Marinha Americana. Em 1919 ela casou com Willian F. Combs, tendo nascido a filha do casal, Mary , em 1920. Entre 1923 e 1924 ela foi repórter no departamento de trabalho do estado de Nova York , em Buffalo - NY. Em 1924 ela passou a trabalhar no Departamento de Justiça norte-americano como membro do tribunal de inquéritos especiais em Buffalo. Em 1931 ela se graduou na Universidade de Buffalo, ano em que também se divorciou de William Combs.

Quando submeteu o manuscrito de seu primeiro livro lançado, A Dinastia da Morte , para Maxwell Perkins, em 1937, ela era uma dona de casa desconhecida, residente em Buffalo.

Em colaboração com seu segundo marido, Marcus Reback, ela escreveu alguns de seus vários livros que se tornaram "best-sellers".

Ela morreu em 30 de agosto de 1985, em Greenwich, Connecticut, de insuficiência cardíaca.

Citações Taylor Caldwell

„O sábio desconfia do seu próximo. Um homem mais sábio ainda desconfia de seu vizinho e de si mesmo. O homem mais sábio de todos desconfia de seu governo.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

A wise man distrusts his neighbor. A wiser man distrusts both his neighbor and himself. The wisest man of all distrusts his government.
Do livro The Devil's Advocate (1952)

„As idéias do homem mudam, mas não sua natureza inerente. Isso permanece. Assim, se as crianças são monstruosas hoje - mesmo criminosas - não é porque a sua natureza se tornou poluída, mas porque não foram ensinadas melhor, nem disciplinadas.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

Man’s ideas change, but not his inherent nature. That remains. So, if the children are monstrous today – even criminal – it is not because their natures have become polluted, but because they have not been taught better, nor disciplined.
Do livro On Growing Up Tough (1970), capítulo: The Purple Lodge & The Hippies.

„Writing — I exist only for that. It’s the most important thing in my life.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

1970s-
Contexto: About half of my published novels were written before I was published. So I didn’t write a book every two years, as some people think.
Writing — I exist only for that. It’s the most important thing in my life. It’s not apart from me. I have no other interests, except cooking. I don’t belong to any organizations, clubs — I don’t go to lunches. This is my life, the most important thing — far more important than anything else I do. It has to be that way, otherwise you’re just a hobbyist.
Now, a painter needs only to know the technique of his painting, and he has to have a tremendous emotional response to it. Musicians, sculptors — the same way. But they don’t have to know about everything. A writer does.<!--
He has to do a tremendous amount of reading, too. I’d rather go without food, sleep, even cigarettes, than go without books. I read at least three of four books a week, plus all kinds of publications, some very weird. I like to know what’s going on, what people think. I read the far left, the far right, and in between, to see what people are doing and saying.

„You see, when a nation threatens another nation the people of the latter forget their factionalism, their local antagonisms, their political differences, their suspicions of each other, their religious hostilities, and band together as one unit. Leaders know that, and that is why so many of them whip up wars during periods of national crisis, or when the people become discontented and angry.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

The Devil's Advocate (1952)
1950s
Contexto: You see, when a nation threatens another nation the people of the latter forget their factionalism, their local antagonisms, their political differences, their suspicions of each other, their religious hostilities, and band together as one unit. Leaders know that, and that is why so many of them whip up wars during periods of national crisis, or when the people become discontented and angry. The leaders stigmatize the enemy with every vice they can think of, every evil and human depravity. They stimulate their people’s natural fear of all other men by channeling it into a defined fear of just certain men, or nations. Attacking another nation, then, acts as a sort of catharsis, temporarily, on men’s fear of their immediate neighbors. This is the explanation of all wars, all racial and religious hatreds, all massacres, and all attempts at genocide.

„The wisest man of all distrusts his government“

—  Taylor Caldwell

The Devil's Advocate (1952)
1950s
Contexto: A wise man distrusts his neighbor. A wiser man distrusts both his neighbor and himself. The wisest man of all distrusts his government.

„This is the explanation of all wars, all racial and religious hatreds, all massacres, and all attempts at genocide.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

The Devil's Advocate (1952)
1950s
Contexto: You see, when a nation threatens another nation the people of the latter forget their factionalism, their local antagonisms, their political differences, their suspicions of each other, their religious hostilities, and band together as one unit. Leaders know that, and that is why so many of them whip up wars during periods of national crisis, or when the people become discontented and angry. The leaders stigmatize the enemy with every vice they can think of, every evil and human depravity. They stimulate their people’s natural fear of all other men by channeling it into a defined fear of just certain men, or nations. Attacking another nation, then, acts as a sort of catharsis, temporarily, on men’s fear of their immediate neighbors. This is the explanation of all wars, all racial and religious hatreds, all massacres, and all attempts at genocide.

„From my early childhood Lucanus, or Luke, the great Apostle, has obsessed my mind.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

"Why has St. Luke always obsessed me?", Foreword to Dear and Glorious Physician: A Novel About Saint Luke (1959) http://www.ignatiusinsight.com/features2008/tcaldwell_frwddgp_dec08.asp
1950s
Contexto: From my early childhood Lucanus, or Luke, the great Apostle, has obsessed my mind. He was the only Apostle who was not a Jew. He never saw Christ. All that is written in his eloquent but restrained Gospel he acquired from hearsay, from witnesses, from the Mother of Christ, from disciples, and from the Apostles. His first visit to Israel took place almost a year after the Crucifixion.
Yet he became one of the greatest of the Apostles. Like Saul of Tarsus, later to be known as Paul, the Apostle to the Gentiles, he believed that Our Lord came not only to the Jews but to the Gentiles, also. He had much in common with Paul, because Paul too had never seen the Christ. Each had had an individual revelation. These two men had difficulty with the original Apostles because the latter stubbornly believed for a considerable time that Our Lord was incarnated, and died, only for the salvation of the Jews, even after Pentecost.
Why has St. Luke always obsessed me, and why have I always loved him from childhood? I do not know. I can only quote Friedrich Nietzsche on this matter: "One hears — one does not seek; one does not ask who gives — I have never had any choice about it."

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„Man’s ideas change, but not his inherent nature.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

On Growing Up Tough (1970), "The Purple Lodge & The Hippies"
1970s-
Contexto: We, perhaps, have corrupted our children and our grandchildren by heedless affluence, by a lack of manliness, by giving the younger generation more money and liberty than their youth can handle, by indoctrinating them with sinister ideologies and false values, by permitting them, as young children, to indulge themselves in imprudence to superiors and defiance of duly constituted authority, by lack of prudent, swift punishment when the transgressed, by coddling and pampering them when they were children and protecting them from a very dangerous world — which always was and always will be. We gave them no moral arms, no spiritual armor.
In reality.... the nature of human beings never changes; it is immutable. The present generation of children and the present generation of young adults from the age of thirteen to eighteen is, therefore, no different from that of their great-great-grandparents.
Political fads come and go; theories rise and fall; the scientific ‘truth’ of today becomes the discarded error of tomorrow.
Man’s ideas change, but not his inherent nature. That remains. So, if the children are monstrous today – even criminal – it is not because their natures have become polluted, but because they have not been taught better, nor disciplined.

„Learning … should be a joy and full of excitement. It is life's greatest adventure; it is an illustrated excursion into the minds of noble and learned men, not a conducted tour through a jail.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

The Sound of Thunder (1957) Pt. I, Ch. 9
1950s
Contexto: Learning … should be a joy and full of excitement. It is life's greatest adventure; it is an illustrated excursion into the minds of noble and learned men, not a conducted tour through a jail. So its surroundings should be as gracious as possible, to complement it.

„The ancient traditions entertain the possibility of the eventual remorse of the spirit of Evil and its reconciliation with God. Who is to say?“

—  Taylor Caldwell

Dialouges with the Devil (1967), Foreward
1960s
Contexto: The ancient traditions entertain the possibility of the eventual remorse of the spirit of Evil and its reconciliation with God. Who is to say?
In the book of Job Lucifer always presents himself before the Lord as “one of the sons of God,” and implies that he is not God’s enemy but man’s, and that he is the prosecutor of man before God, the witness to his crimes, the denouncer who demands the extreme punishment of eternal death for the blasphemy of man’s existence. Man’s little imagination has presented him in horrific apparitions, some of them absurd and jejune, horned and hoofed, yet he was the greatest, most powerful and most resplendent of the archangels and is still an archangel. To denigrate him as a ridiculous figure, and ugly and paltry, is wrong, and does a disservice to God Who can create nothing ugly — only man can do that — and in the belittling of Lucifer there is a great danger. Evil is nothing to belittle, nor the anguish of Evil. Lucifer, as the Holy Bible states, is Prince of this World, and certainly he cannot be as hideous as the other self-proclaimed “princes” we have seen in this century, and in past centuries. And his power is only a little less than the power of the Almighty, and has its expression only in Man.

„This world’s brought me very little joy, very little satisfaction.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

1970s-
Contexto: This world’s brought me very little joy, very little satisfaction. It’s brought me nothing but tragedy from the time I was born. I regret every day I live. The human situation is not as unique as you think it is. We’re all the same. We all get kicked in the pants, we all have our moments of elation — though not much happiness. Happiness is a child’s word. There may be short periods of contentment, but very short. Life is mostly disappointment, tragedy, loss and failure. <!--
It wasn’t until the last few years — imagine, not till the last few years — that I found out something that even a child knows. That money rules the world. That’s what nations fight about. I didn’t know it was that important. It came as a big shock to me.

„You’ve got to look at life clearly. No rose-colored glasses. The human race is not very admirable. It was a big mistake of God’s . . . The more I see of people, the more bitter I become.“

—  Taylor Caldwell

1970s-
Contexto: You’ve got to look at life clearly. No rose-colored glasses. The human race is not very admirable. It was a big mistake of God’s... The more I see of people, the more bitter I become. I think I appeal to readers because there’s nothing false or hypocritical in what I write. And they recognize themselves, and recognize their fears. And they know what bastards they are.

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