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Stafford Cripps

Data de nascimento: 24. Abril 1889
Data de falecimento: 21. Abril 1952

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Sir Richard Stafford Cripps, was a British Labour politician of the first half of the twentieth century.

A wealthy barrister by background, he entered Parliament at a by-election in 1931, and was one of a handful of Labour front-benchers to retain his seat in the general election that autumn. He became a leading spokesman for the left-wing and cooperation in a Popular Front with Communists before 1939, in which year he was expelled from the Labour Party. During World War II he served as Ambassador to the USSR , during which time he grew wary of the Soviet Union, but achieved great public popularity because of the entry of the USSR into the war, causing him to be seen in 1942 as a potential rival to Winston Churchill for the premiership. He became a member of the War Cabinet of the wartime coalition, but failed in his efforts to resolve the wartime crisis in India, where his proposals were too radical for Churchill and the cabinet, and too conservative for Gandhi and other Indian leaders. He later served as Minister of Aircraft Production, an important post but outside the inner War Cabinet.Rejoining the Labour Party in 1945, after the war he served in the Attlee Ministry, firstly as President of the Board of Trade and between 1947-50 as Chancellor of the Exchequer. In the latter position, Cripps was responsible for laying the foundations of Britain's post-war economic prosperity, and was, according to historian Kenneth O. Morgan, "the real architect of the rapidly improving economic picture and growing affluence from 1952 onwards". The economy improved after 1947, benefiting from American money given through grants from the Marshall Plan as well as loans. However it was hurt by the devaluation of the pound in 1949. He kept rationing in place to hold down consumption during an "age of austerity", promoted exports and maintained full employment with static wages. The public especially respected "his integrity, competence, and Christian principles".

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Citações Stafford Cripps

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„I do not believe it would be a bad thing for the British working-class if Germany defeated us. It would be a disaster for the profit-makers and capitalists, but not necessarily for the working-class.“

—  Stafford Cripps
Speech at Stockport (14 November 1936), The Manchester Guardian (15 November 1936), quoted in Hugh Dalton, The Fateful Years. Memoirs 1931-1945 (London: Frederick Muller Ltd, 1957), p. 151.

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„But it is a fallacy, if one is examining the methods by which security can be attained, to start upon the assumption, as so many hon. Members do, that we get security by an increase of air armaments or an increase of any other form of armaments.“

—  Stafford Cripps
Hansard, House of Commons, 5th Series, vol. 292, col. 2425. Speech in the House of Commons opposing the National Government's decision to expand the Royal Air Force, 30 July, 1934.

„Emphatically no, and I never have been.“

—  Stafford Cripps
Peter Howard, "Men on Trial" (Blandford Press, 1945), p. 69 Asked by Peter Howard whether he favoured the use of any measure of force to establish Socialism.

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„I cannot imagine the Labour Party coming into power without a first-rate financial crisis. That is why we ask for full emergency measures.“

—  Stafford Cripps
The Manchester Guardian (5 November 1934), quoted in Hugh Dalton, The Fateful Years. Memoirs 1931-1945 (London: Frederick Muller Ltd, 1957), p. 150.

„The workers must now make it clear beyond all doubt that they will not support the Government or its armaments in its mad policy which it is now pursuing.“

—  Stafford Cripps
Speech on 23 May, 1938, quoted in Talus, Your Alternative Government (London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1945), p. 45.

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