Frases de Simónides de Ceos

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Simónides de Ceos

Data de nascimento: 556 a.C.
Data de falecimento: 468 a.C.
Outros nomes:Симонид Кеосский

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Simónides ou Simônides de Ceos foi um poeta grego, o maior autor de epigramas do período arcaico. Marca uma mudança na Tradição Poética pois é o primeiro a fazer da Poesia um ofício e receber benefícios por ela. Ao mesmo tempo situa a função poética a partir de um novo ângulo: o esforço de reflexão sobre a natureza da Poesia. É a Simônides que a Antiguidade atribui a famosa definição: “A pintura é uma Poesia silenciosa e a Poesia é uma pintura que fala”. Simônides marcaria o momento em que o homem grego descobre a imagem. Ele seria o primeiro testemunho da teoria da imagem, ou Mimesis .

Citações Simónides de Ceos

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„Not even the gods fight against necessity.“

—  Simonides of Ceos
Quoted by Plato in the dialogue Protagoras, 345d http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0177%3Atext%3DProt.%3Asection%3D345d (Simonides Fr. 37.1.27 ff.). Variant translations: The gods do not fight against necessity. Not even the gods war against necessity. I praise and love all men who do no sin willingly; but with necessity even the gods do not contend.

„[Word-for-word translation]
O stranger, announce to the Lacadaemonians [Spartans] that here
We lie, to their words [or laws] obedient.“

—  Simonides of Ceos
Go, tell the Spartans, stranger passing by That here, obedient to their laws, we lie. Epitaph on the Cenotaph of Thermopylae, recorded by Herodotus. Note: There is a long unsolved dispute around the interpretation of the word rhemasi, such as laws, words or orders. Variant translations: Go, tell the Spartans, thou who passest by, That here obedient to their laws we lie. Stranger, go tell the men of Lacedaemon That we, who lie here, did as we were ordered. Stranger, bring the message to the Spartans that here We remain, obedient to their orders. Oh foreigner, tell the Lacedaemonians That here we lie, obeying their words. Go, tell the Spartans, passerby, that here by Spartan law we lie.

„Painting is silent poetry, and poetry painting that speaks.“

—  Simonides of Ceos
Quoted by Plutarch, De gloria Atheniensium 3.346f http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2008.01.0234%3Astephpage%3D346f. Variant translations: Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting with the gift of speech. Painting is silent poetry, poetry is eloquent painting. See also: Ut pictura poesis

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