Frases de Saddam Hussein
Data de nascimento: 28. Abril 1937
Data de falecimento: 30. Dezembro 2006
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti foi um político e estadista iraquiano; foi o quinto presidente do Iraque de 16 de julho de 1979 a 9 de abril de 2003. , e também acumulou o cargo de primeiro-ministro nos períodos de 1979–1991 e 1994–2003. Hussein foi uma das principais lideranças ditatoriais no mundo árabe e um dos principais membros do Partido Socialista Árabe Ba'ath, e mais tarde, do Partido Ba'ath baseado em Bagdá e de uma organização regional Partido Ba'ath iraquiano, a qual expôs uma mistura de nacionalismo árabe e do socialismo árabe; Saddam teve um papel chave no golpe de 1968 que levou o partido a um domínio de longo prazo no Iraque.
Como vice-presidente do enfermo General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr e numa época em que muitos grupos eram considerados capazes de derrubar o governo, Saddam criou forças de segurança através do qual controlou rigidamente o conflito entre o governo e as forças armadas. No início dos anos 1970, Saddam nacionalizou o petróleo e outras indústrias. Os bancos estatais foram postos sob seu controle, deixando o sistema eventualmente insolvente, principalmente devido à Guerra Irã-Iraque, a Guerra do Golfo e as sanções da ONU. Até o fim da década de 1970, Saddam cimentou a sua autoridade sobre os aparatos de governo com os lucros obtidos do petróleo que ajudou a economia do Iraque a crescer a um ritmo rápido . As posições de poder no país foram preenchidas com os sunitas, a minoria que compunha apenas um quinto da população.
Saddam suprimiu vários movimentos, especialmente movimentos xiitas e curdos que pretendiam derrubar o governo ou ganhar independência, respectivamente. [carece de fontes?] Saddam manteve o poder durante a Guerra Irã-Iraque de 1980 a 1988. Em 1990, ele invadiu e saqueou o Kuwait. Uma coalizão internacional interveio para libertar o Kuwait na Guerra do Golfo de 1991, mas não pôs fim a ditadura de Saddam. Enquanto alguns o veneravam pela sua postura agressiva contra Israel, incluindo o ataque com mísseis em alvos israelenses , ele foi amplamente condenado pela brutalidade de sua ditadura.
Em março de 2003, uma coalizão de países liderada pelos Estados Unidos e pelo Reino Unido invadiu o Iraque para depor Saddam, depois que o presidente dos Estados Unidos, George W. Bush acusou o líder iraquiano de possuir armas de destruição em massa e de ter ligações com a Al-Qaeda. O Partido Baath de Saddam foi dissolvido e a nação fez uma transição para um sistema democrático. Após sua captura em 13 de dezembro de 2003 , o julgamento de Saddam ocorreu sob o governo interino iraquiano. Em 5 de novembro de 2006, ele foi condenado por acusações relacionadas ao assassinato de 148 xiitas iraquianos em 1982 e foi condenado à morte por enforcamento. A execução de Saddam Hussein foi realizada em 30 de dezembro de 2006.
Citações Saddam Hussein
„Traditionally Marxism attracts the oppressed. This, however, is not the case in the Arab nation... The socialist programs in Arab history did not always come from the poor, but from men who had known no oppression and became the leaders of the poor. The Arab nation has never been as class-conscious as other nations.“
— Saddam Hussein
n.d., quoted in Saddam Hussein: a political biography (2002) by Efraim Karsh and Inari Rautsi.
„The aggression of the Zionist entity against the nuclear reactor on 7 June 1981 will not stop the course of scientific and technical progress in Iraq. Rather, it is an additional strong stimulus to develop this course, and to provide it with even greater resources and with more effective protection. Despite our loss, this aggression confirms that Iraq really stands on the right path, offering the Arab nation a model and helping its governments to define the right or the best approach. This would open before us, the Arabs, brighter prospects for the future. It confirms what we have always said, that the long conflict between the Arab nation and Zionism will eventually result in our victory. The Arab nation expresses the right and the forward movement of history while the Zionist entity expresses aggression, crime and racialist and expansionist theories which the free peoples have renounced as part of the hated colonial past, and which has to end despite all resources at its disposal and the efforts by imperialism to keep it alive.“
„Historically, and since, 1520, eighteen Treaties have been concluded between the Persian State and its western neighbours regarding its relations therewith including the question of borders. On all occasions, the Persian State chose the opportunity to violate the said Treaties whether by word or deed.“
„Iraqi fighters on the front lines, You courageous officers and soldiers who have been fighting valiantly and efficiently — you have restored the glories of your great Iraq. You have proved that you are the true descendants of those great fighters throughout the ages. You have given the most remarkable example of Arab military power, of which the Arab nation is in need today and tomorrow in its struggle to maintain its existence and integrity, and to restore its usurped rights and territories.“
„SSA Piro asked Hussein why Iraq was the only country to applaud the 9/11 attack, which Hussein immediately denied.… Hussein stated that he wrote editorials against the attack, but also spoke of the cause which led men to commit these acts. The cause was never reviewed which could create such hatred to kill innocent people.“
— Saddam Hussein
Conversation with FBI Senior Special Agent George L. Piro (28 June 2004); National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 279 http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB279/index.htm.
„The basic motive behind the hostile position adopted by the new regime in Iran is the desire to expand at the expense of Iraq and the Arab countries in the Arab Gulf region and to interfere in its internal affairs. This has taken on a new cover, which the Iranian responsible officials term as the exportation of revolution to neighbouring countries. You all know that this is the policy of the new rulers of Iran which tries to export what is know as their new revolution and its principles to all Islamic countries. There is no one amongst you who does not know that they are interfering in the internal affairs of all Islamic countries.“
„Iraq is a great nation now, as it has been at times throughout history. Nations generally "go to the top" only once. Iraq, however, has been there many times, before and after Islam. Iraq is the only nation like this in the world. This "gift" was given to the Iraqi people by God. When Iraqi people fall, they rise again.“
— Saddam Hussein
Interview with FBI Senior Special Agent George L. Piro (7 February 2004); National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 279.
„Palestine is Arab and must be liberated from the river to the sea and all the Zionists who emigrated to the land of Palestine must leave.“
— Saddam Hussein
On Iraqi Television, May 30, 2001; quoted in Robert Wistrich, Muslim Anti-Semitism: A Clear and Present Danger(2002), page 43.
„We have never said that the fight against the Iranian aggression and against the expansionist Persian tendencies (which have been demonstrated by various means under successive regimes in Iran) is the decisive battle for the Arabs. What we have said, and still say, is that the fight against Zionism is the main decisive battle for the Arabs. This is a great objective reality, which cannot be denied or underestimated except by someone who would not only harm the Arab nation and its main causes, but would also overlook the main danger.“
„Dear Martyrs, We do not address you as men who have passed away, but rather as men who are still living among your own people, among your own brothers in the Armed Forces and among your own honest families. As Almighty God says, those who are killed for the sake of God are not dead but alive under His blessing. You have sacrificed your lives, in defence of right and of Iraq, thus giving the highest example in life. Be blessed, you men; you have become a source of great pride for Iraq and for your families. Your comrades-in-arms and your compatriots are aspiring to your position, which is the most glorious and great.“
„The great duel, the mother of all battles has begun.… The dawn of victory nears as this great showdown begins!“
— Saddam Hussein
Broadcast on Baghdad state radio, January 17, 1991. Comment on the beginning of Desert Storm, quoted in Washington Post (17 January 1991) "Iraqi Leader Remains Defiant Following US-Led Air Attacks" by Nora Boustany