Frases de Peter Farb

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Peter Farb

Data de nascimento: 1929
Data de falecimento: 1980

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Peter Farb was an American author, anthropologist, linguist, ecologist, biologist, and spokesman for conservation.

Citações Peter Farb

„Whorf's brilliant analysis... seemed to support the view that man is a prisoner of his language.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: About 1932 one of Sapir's students at Yale, Benjamin Lee Whorf drew on Sapir's ideas and began an intensive study of the language of the Hopi Indians of Arizona. Whorf's brilliant analysis... seemed to support the view that man is a prisoner of his language. Whorf emphasized grammar—rather than vocabulary, which had previously intrigued scholars—as an indicator of the way a language can direct a speaker into certain habits of thought.

„At the time of the Europeans discovery of North America, the American Indians already cultivated a wider variety of plants than did the Europeans.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: At the time of the Europeans discovery of North America, the American Indians already cultivated a wider variety of plants than did the Europeans.<!-- p. 198

Publicidade

„Freedom of speech does not exist anywhere, for every community on earth forbids the use of certain sounds, words, and sentences in various speech situations.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Freedom of speech does not exist anywhere, for every community on earth forbids the use of certain sounds, words, and sentences in various speech situations.... the habitual liar faces social sanctions... Speakers are not allowed to misrepresent... to defame other people in public, to maliciously shout "Fire!" in a crowded movie theater, or to utter obscenities on the telephone.

„The more simple the society, the more leisured its way of life.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: The more simple the society, the more leisured its way of life.<!-- p. 29

„The seventeenth-century Iroquois“

—  Peter Farb
Context: The seventeenth-century Iroquois... practiced a dream psychotherapy that was remarkably similar to Freud's discoveries two hundred years later. The Iroquois recognized the existence of an unconscious, the force of unconscious desires, the way in which the conscious mind attempts to repress unpleasant thoughts, the emergence of unpleasant thoughts in dreams, and the mental and physical (psychosomatic) illnesses that may be caused by the frustration of unconscious desires. The Iroquois knew that their dreams did not deal in facts but rather in symbols.... And one of the techniques employed by the Iroquois seers to uncover the latent meanings behind a dream was free association...<!-- p. 95

„Culture is all the things and ideas ever devised by humans working and living together.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Culture is all the things and ideas ever devised by humans working and living together.<!-- p. 19

„Up to 1868, nearly four hundred treaties had been signed by the United States government with various Indian groups, and scarcely a one had remained unbroken.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Up to 1868, nearly four hundred treaties had been signed by the United States government with various Indian groups, and scarcely a one had remained unbroken. By the latter part of the last century, the Indians finally realized that these treaties were real-estate deals designed to separate them from their lands. In the last three decades of the nineteenth century, Indians and Whites skirmished and then fought openly with ferocity and barbarity on both sides. Group by group, the Indians rose in rebellion only to be crushed...

„Perhaps we, who for so long regarded ourselves as bringers of light to the shadowy recesses of North America, will finally admit that there is much about which the Indians can illuminate us.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Perhaps we, who for so long regarded ourselves as bringers of light to the shadowy recesses of North America, will finally admit that there is much about which the Indians can illuminate us.<!-- p. 276

Publicidade

„The Shoshone did not wage war, because it served no purpose.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: The Shoshone did not wage war, because it served no purpose.<!-- p. 31

„The Whites were determined to fight it out with each other—down to the last Indian.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: The desire of Whites to occupy Indian lands, and the constant rivalry between French and English traders for furs gathered by the Indians, led to many skirmishes and several bloody wars, all of which involved Indians on both sides. The Whites were determined to fight it out with each other—down to the last Indian. These battles culminated in the French and Indian War of 1763, which represented a disaster to many Indian groups in the northeastern part of the continent. In May, 1763, an Ottawa warrior by the name of Pontiac fell upon Detroit and captured the English forts, one after the other. Lord Jeffery Amherst... distributed among the Indians handkerchiefs and blankets from the small pox hospital at Fort Pitt—probably the first use of biological warfare in history.

„The weakness of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis... the impossibility of generalizing about entire cultures and then attributing these generalizations to the language spoken ...is to leave numerous facts about culture unexplained.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: The weakness of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis... the impossibility of generalizing about entire cultures and then attributing these generalizations to the language spoken... is to leave numerous facts about culture unexplained. The great religions of the world... have flourished among diverse peoples who speak languages with sharply different grammars.... Cultures as diverse as the Aztec Empire of Mexico and the Ute hunting bands of the Great Basin spoke very closely related tongues.

„The Indians on their part, did not respond“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Only a few years after the permanent settlement of Virginia, some fifty missionaries arrived to begin the massive task of converting the heathen. The Indians on their part, did not respond with alacrity to the idea of adopting a culture that to them, in many cases, seemed barbarous, indeed.

Publicidade

„Balanced reciprocity is as much a social compact as it is an economic advantage.“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Balanced reciprocity is as much a social compact as it is an economic advantage. It is particularly important in hunting-gathering societies, where no individual could possibly accumulate a surplus, live independently of other members of the band, or become so successful in the quest for food as never to need meat from someone else's kill.<!-- p. 44

„Numerous sophisticated inventions“

—  Peter Farb
Context: Numerous sophisticated inventions undoubtedly originated in the New World. They include many aspects of plant domestication and horticulture, the hammock, the tobacco pipe, an intricate system used for ventilating and cooling ceremonial chambers, the enema, the hollow rubber ball, the toboggan, and numerous other objects and ideas that were brought back to the Old World after Columbus.<!-- p. 204

„The colors that a speaker "sees" often depend very much on the language he speaks“

—  Peter Farb
Context: The colors that a speaker "sees" often depend very much on the language he speaks, because each language offers its own high-codability color terms.

„No culture can be explained in terms of one or more leaders“

—  Peter Farb
Context: We are in the habit of thinking in terms of great leaders largely because the leaders themselves want it that way. The pharaohs ordered that a record of their accomplishments be carved on stone; medieval nobles subsidized troubadours to sing their praises; today's world leaders have large staffs of public-relations consultants. No culture can be explained in terms of one or more leaders...<!-- p. 93

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