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Paula Modersohn-Becker

Data de nascimento: 8. Fevereiro 1876
Data de falecimento: 21. Novembro 1907

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Paula Modersohn-Becker foi uma pintora alemã, e uma das representantes mais precoces do movimento expressionista no seu país.

Paula Becker comprometeu-se em estudos de pintura e reuniu artistas independentes na povoação de Worpswede, próxima de Bremen, que predicava um retorno à natureza e aos valores simples dos camponeses. Ali se casou com o paisagista Otto Modersohn. A falta de audácia dos pintores de Worpswede, empurraram-na a usar inspirações exteriores e a efetuar repetidas estadias em Paris.

Os quatorze curtos anos durante os quais Paula Modersohn-Becker exerceu a sua arte permitiram-lhe realizar pelo menos setecentos cinquenta quadros, treze estampas e perto de um milhar de desenhos. O seu estilo, particularmente único e original, é o fruto de múltiplas influências, aos confins da tradição e da modernidade. A sua pintura apresenta aspectos que misturam o impressionismo de Cézanne ou Gauguim, o cubismo de Picasso, o fauvismo, a arte japonesa e o renascimento alemão. A força expressiva da sua obra resume os principais aspectos da arte nos primórdios do século XX. Paula Modersohn-Becker faleceu aos trinta e um anos. Atualmente, a artista, é pouco conhecida para além dos países de língua alemã.

Citações Paula Modersohn-Becker

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„.. to have all colors deeper, more intense; |I| get quite angry at this lightness..“

—  Paula Modersohn-Becker
quote from a letter to her husband Otto Modersohn from Paris, 29 February, 1900; as quoted in Expressionism, a German intuition, 1905-1920, Neugroschel, Joachim; Vogt, Paul; Keller, Horst; Urban, Martin; Dube, Wolf Dieter; (transl. Joachim Neugroschel); publisher: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York, 1980, p. 31 as early as 1900 Paula Modersohn-Becker had written from Paris that she longed for stronger and deeper colors in her own work

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„Now it's almost as beautiful as Christmas [then Paula suddenly fell to the floor].... What a pity! [her last words].“

—  Paula Modersohn-Becker
as quoted in: Paula Modersohn-Becker, the challenges of pregnancy and the weight of tradition, by Giorgina B. Piccoli and Scott L. Karakas; published in: 'Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine', 6 June 2011, p. 1; as quoted in: M. Bohlmann-Modersohn: Paula Modersohn-Becker: eine Biographie mit Briefen, Albrecht Knaus; Berlin 1995, p. 280 Paula had given birth to her (first) child, Mathilde, on 2 November 1907. Her sudden death, on 21 November 1907, due to thromboembolism, occurred almost immediately after she was allowed to leave her bed for the first time following her delivery; her biographers recount that she combed her hair, adorned it with red roses received as presents, and slowly walked to the living room, where her daughter was in her crib. Paula took the young daughter Mathilde (later called Tille) in her arms and fell down, suddenly.

„The Journal of Marie Bashkirtseff. Her thoughts enter my bloodstream and make me very sad. I say as she doers: if only I could accomplish something! My existence seems humiliating to me. We don't have the right to strut around, not until we've made something of ourselves.“

—  Paula Modersohn-Becker
excerpt of her Journal, Worpswede 1897; as quoted in Voicing our visions, – Writings by women artists; ed. Mara R. Witzling, Universe New York, 1991, p. 193 w:Marie Bashkirtseff was a woman-painter born in the Ukraine, who died very young; her Journal was published c. 1895

„As I was painting today, some thoughts came to me and I want to write them down for the people I love. I know that I shall not live very long. But I wonder, is that sad? Is a celebration more beautiful because it lasts longer? And my life is a celebration, a short, intense celebration.“

—  Paula Modersohn-Becker
In her Journal-entry, 26 July 1900; as quoted in Tromp M, Ravelli AC, Reitsma JB, Bonsel GJ, Mol BW: Increasing maternal age at first pregnancy planning: health outcomes and associated costs, in: 'J Epidemiol Community Health', Dec. 2010, p. 4

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