Frases de Muhammad Ali Jinnah

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Data de nascimento: 25. Dezembro 1876
Data de falecimento: 11. Setembro 1948

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah foi um advogado, político e fundador do Paquistão. Jinnah serviu como líder da Liga Muçulmana da Índia desde 1913 até a independência do Paquistão em 14 de agosto de 1947 e depois como primeiro governador-geral do Paquistão até sua morte. Ele é reverenciado no Paquistão como Quaid-i-Azam e Baba-i-Qaum . Seu aniversário é considerado um feriado nacional no país.Nascido na Mansão Wazir em Karachi, Jinnah foi treinado como advogado no Lincoln's Inn, em Londres. Ao retornar à Índia britânica, ele se inscreveu no Tribunal Superior de Bombaim e se interessou pela política nacional, que eventualmente substituiu sua prática legal. Jinnah aumentou a proeminência no Congresso Nacional Indiano nas duas primeiras décadas do século XX. Nestes primeiros anos de sua carreira política, Jinnah defendeu a unidade hindu-muçulmana, ajudando a moldar o Pacto de Lucknow de 1916 entre o Congresso e a Liga Muçulmana da Índia, em que Jinnah também se tornou proeminente. Jinnah tornou-se um líder essencial na Liga Muçulmana, e propôs um plano de reforma constitucional de quatorze pontos para salvaguardar os direitos políticos dos muçulmanos. Em 1920, no entanto, Jinnah renunciou ao Congresso quando concordou em seguir a campanha de satyagraha, que ele considerava uma anarquia política.Em 1940, Jinnah chegou a acreditar que os muçulmanos do subcontinente indiano deveriam ter seu próprio estado. Naquele ano, a Liga Muçulmana, liderada por Jinnah, aprovou a Resolução Lahore, exigindo uma nação separada. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a Liga ganhou força enquanto os líderes do Congresso foram presos e, nas eleições realizadas pouco depois da guerra, ganhou a maioria dos lugares aos muçulmanos. Em última análise, o Congresso e a Liga Muçulmana não conseguiram chegar a uma fórmula de compartilhamento de poder para que o subcontinente se unisse como um único estado, levando todas as partes a concordar com a independência de uma Índia predominantemente hindu e um estado majoritário muçulmano, o Paquistão.Como primeiro governador-geral do Paquistão, Jinnah trabalhou para estabelecer o governo e as políticas da nova nação e ajudar os milhões de migrantes muçulmanos que haviam migrado da nova Índia para o Paquistão, supervisionando pessoalmente o estabelecimento dos refugiados. Jinnah morreu aos 71 anos em setembro de 1948, pouco mais de um ano após o Paquistão tornar-se independente do Reino Unido. Ele deixou um legado profundo e respeitado no país. Várias universidades e edifícios públicos no Paquistão possuem o seu nome. De acordo com seu biógrafo, Stanley Wolpert, ele permanece sendo o maior líder do Paquistão.

Citações Muhammad Ali Jinnah

„We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I shall watch with keenness the work of your Research Organization in evolving banking practices compatible with Islamic ideas of social and economic life. The economic system of the West has created almost insoluble problems for humanity and to many of us it appears that only a miracle can save it from disaster that is not facing the world. It has failed to do justice between man and man and to eradicate friction from the international field. On the contrary, it was largely responsible for the two world wars in the last half century. The Western world, in spite of its advantages, of mechanization and industrial efficiency is today in a worse mess than ever before in history. The adoption of Western economic theory and practice will not help us in achieving our goal of creating a happy and contended people. We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind. Address on occasion of opening of State bank of Pakistan (1st July 1948)

„The weak and the defenceless, in this imperfect world, invite aggression from others. The best way in which we can serve the cause of peace is by removing the temptation from the path of those who think that we are weak and, therefore, they can bully or attack us.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The weak and the defenceless, in this imperfect world, invite aggression from others. The best way in which we can serve the cause of peace is by removing the temptation from the path of those who think that we are weak and, therefore, they can bully or attack us. That temptation can only be removed if we make ourselves so strong that nobody dares entertain any aggressive designs against us. Address at the time of launching ceremony of PNS 'Dilawar' on Jan 23, 1948

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„We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind. Speech at the opening ceremony of the State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi (1 July 1948)

„The Story of Pakistan, its struggle and its achievement, is the very story of great human ideals, struggling to survive in the face of great odds and difficulties“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The Story of Pakistan, its struggle and its achievement, is the very story of great human ideals, struggling to survive in the face of great odds and difficulties. Address to the people in Chittagong (23 March 1948)

„It naturally pains me to find the curse of provincialism holding sway over any section of Pakistan. Pakistan must be rid of this evil.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: Yet this is a truth people so easily seem to forget and begin to prize local, sectional or provincial interests above and regardless of the national interests. It naturally pains me to find the curse of provincialism holding sway over any section of Pakistan. Pakistan must be rid of this evil. Reply to the Civic Address presented by the Quetta Municipality (15 June 1948)

„In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims — Hindus, Christians, and Parsis — but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan (February 1948), as quoted in "Jinnah dreamt of a secular Pakistan" in New Religion (11 February 2013) http://www.newreligion.eu/2013/02/jinnahs-dream-can-still-save-pakistan.html

„I have always maintained that no nation can ever be worthy of its existence that cannot take its women along with the men. No struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I have always maintained that no nation can ever be worthy of its existence that cannot take its women along with the men. No struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men. There are two powers in the world; one is the sword and the other is the pen. There is a great competition and rivalry between the two. There is a third power stronger than both, that of the women. Speech at Islamia College for women (25 March 1940)

„My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I shall always be guided by the principles of justice and fairplay without any, as is put in the political language, prejudice or ill-will, in other words, partiality or favouritism. My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.

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„Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims — Hindus, Christians, and Parsis — but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan (February 1948), as quoted in "Jinnah dreamt of a secular Pakistan" in New Religion (11 February 2013) http://www.newreligion.eu/2013/02/jinnahs-dream-can-still-save-pakistan.html

„No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners. There is no sanction anywhere for the deplorable condition in which our women have to live. Speech at a meeting of the Muslim University Union, Aligarh (10 March 1944)

„My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence. Let us mobilize all our resources in a systematic and organized way and tackle the grave issues that confront us with grim determination and discipline worthy of a great nation. Eid-ul-Azha Message to the Nation (24 October 1947)

„You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of democracy, social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of democracy, social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve. Address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy Ack Ack and 6th Light Ack Ack Regiments in Malir, Karachi (21 February 1948)

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„I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims — Hindus, Christians, and Parsis — but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan (February 1948), as quoted in "Jinnah dreamt of a secular Pakistan" in New Religion (11 February 2013) http://www.newreligion.eu/2013/02/jinnahs-dream-can-still-save-pakistan.html

„Any idea of a united India could never have worked and in my judgement it would have led us to terrific disaster. Maybe that view is correct; maybe it is not; that remains to be seen.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: A division had to take place. On both sides, in Hindustan and Pakistan, there are sections of people who may not agree with it, who may not like it, but in my judgement there was no other solution and I am sure future history will record is verdict in favour of it. And what is more, it will be proved by actual experience as we go on that was the only solution of India's constitutional problem. Any idea of a united India could never have worked and in my judgement it would have led us to terrific disaster. Maybe that view is correct; maybe it is not; that remains to be seen.

„Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise,“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„The prosperity and advancement of a nation depend upon its intelligentsia“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The prosperity and advancement of a nation depend upon its intelligentsia, and Muslim India is looking forward to her young generation and education classes to give a bold lead for our guidance and a brilliant record of historical achievements and traditions. Speech (24 December 1940), published in Some Recent Speeches and Writings of Mr. Jinnah (1947), Vol. 1 Message on Pakistan Day, issued from Delhi (23 March 1943)

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