Frases de Margaret Sanger

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Margaret Sanger

Data de nascimento: 14. Setembro 1879
Data de falecimento: 6. Setembro 1966

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Margaret Higgins Sanger ou Margaret Louise Higgins foi uma enfermeira, sexóloga, escritora e ativista do controle de natalidade norte americana. Sanger foi a responsável pela popularização do termo "birth control" nos Estados Unidos, abrindo o primeiro centro de planejamento de natalidade no país, e outros estabelecimentos ligados à organização Planned Parenthood Federation of America.

Em 1914, Sanger foi processada pelos Estados Unidos, sob às leis do Ato Federal Comstock, de 1873. As leis do Ato Comstock proibiam a circulação, venda e produção de toda literatura com qualquer tipo de conteúdo sexual, erótico ou informações e ativismo sobre controle de natalidade, seja sobre contraceptivos ou aborto. Com medo do que poderia acontecer, Sanger se refugiou nos países britânicos até que fosse seguro retornar aos Estados Unidos.Por sua ligação à organização Federação de Paternidade Planejada da América, Sanger foi, e ainda é, alvo frequente dos críticos do aborto. Entretanto, o Planned Parenthood Federation of America passou a realizar abortos apenas em 1970, quatro anos após sua morte. A organização sem fins lucrativos, fundada em 1916 , funciona até hoje, oferecendo serviços como educação sexual e controle de natalidade, atuando não só nos Estados Unidos, mas de maneira global, inclusive no Brasil.Em 1916, Sanger fundou a primeira clínica de controle de natalidade nos Estados Unidos. Também foi o ano em que foi presa, após entregar um panfleto com informações sobre contraceptivos para um policial à paisana. Sanger usou a oportunidade para se manifestar contrária aos atos de censura impostos pelo Ato Comstock, e sua detenção causou barulho no país. Ao prenderem Sanger, os policiais pilharam a clínica, levando diversos registros médicos confidenciais.

Entre suas intenções com a clínica, estava o desejo de prevenir as mulheres contra clínicas de aborto ilegais, com procedimentos médicos perigosos e duvidosos, que eram normais na época pelo aborto ser proibido nos Estados Unidos. Apesar de advogar pela causa dos direitos das mulheres e acreditar que o aborto pudesse ser justificado, Sanger era contrária à prática, acreditando que o procedimento deveria ser evitado, e em seu lugar a prevenção e contraceptivos tivessem destaque. Em sua concepção, a única cura para o aborto era a prevenção.Foi presidente da Planned Parenthood, de 1952 a 1959, que tinha sede na Índia, e faleceu em 1966, sendo considerada por muitos como a fundadora do moderno movimento pró-aborto.

Citações Margaret Sanger

„Peggy had left for the great unknown and beyond“

— Margaret Sanger
Context: Peggy was sleeping. Her pulse was so soft and slow. I was unable to realize that the end was near and had my fingers on her ankle to get the pulse when before my eyes arose another Peggy horizontally sleeping [who] rose about a foot or more—fluttering and quivering a moment as if taking leave of its bondage and slowly and majestically [she] soared and floated across the bed and out through the iron closed door... Peggy had left for the great unknown and beyond. This second version of Peggy Sanger's death quoted in Margaret Sanger: A Life of Passion, (2012), Jean H. Baker, Hill and Wang, New York, p. 103. https://www.google.com/#q=%22Peggy+was+sleeping.+Her+pulse+was+so+soft+and+slow%22&tbm=bks

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„I started to take the pulse of the child and as I did so, I saw two bodies of the child - one slightly above the other exactly in the same position and an exact replica - except that it was not flesh but a substance more like cob-webs the color of smoke.“

— Margaret Sanger
Context: The most interesting incident of my life was some years ago when I was sitting beside a dying child's bed, watching the pulse and waiting for the crisis. It was about two o'clock in the morning. I started to take the pulse of the child and as I did so, I saw two bodies of the child - one slightly above the other exactly in the same position and an exact replica - except that it was not flesh but a substance more like cob-webs the color of smoke. I stood back and beheld this extraordinary phenomena and watched the upper body move majestically away in a horizontal position across the room and through the closed steel door. The physical body remained and was still breathing. Consciousness was never regained and an hour after, the little girl ceased to breathe. To Roy Jansen, June 30, 1931. "Roy Jansen (1889-1975), an editor at the Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, wrote to Sanger on June 12 asking her to contribute 'some particularly intense or interesting moment in your life' for use in a series called 'Interesting Moments' that was to appear in several newspapers throughout the country." https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=%22Selected+Papers+of+Margaret+Sanger%22&gws_rd=ssl#hl=en&tbm=bks&q=%22%281889-1975%29%2c%20an%20editor%20at%20the%20pittsburgh%20sun-telegraph%2c%20wrote%20to%20sanger%20on%20june%2012%22 The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger: Volume 2: Birth Control Comes of Age, 1928-1939, (2007), Esther Katz, editor, University of Illinois Press, p. 99. <small>(Interlineations within the text are rendered within up and down arrows (T I) https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&hl=en&q=%22on+the+reverse+often+with+an+arrow%22&gws_rd=ssl#hl=en&tbm=bks&q=%22interlineations%20within%20the%20text%20are%20rendered%20within%20up%20and%20down%20arrows%22) https://www.google.com/#tbm=bks&q=%20%22dear%20mr.%20jansen:%20the%20most%20interesting%20incident%20of%20my%20life%20was%20some%20years%20ago%20when%20i%20was%20sitting%20beside%20a%20dying%20child%27s%20bed%22 https://www.google.com/#tbm=bks&q=%20%22i%20saw%20two%20bodies%20of%20the%20child%20%E2%80%94%20one%20slightly%20above%20the%20other%20exactly%20in%20the%22 https://www.google.com/#tbm=bks&q=%22in+a+horizontal+position+across+the+room+and+through+the+closed+steel+door%22 Notes at bottom of p. 99 read: "TLcy MSP, DLC (LCM 103:61). For ADf version dated June 12, 1931, see LCM 103:59. The published version was not found. 1. MS was probably referring to her daughter, Peggy Sanger, who died of pneumonia on November 6, 1915. 2. MS did not write about the two-body phenomena anywhere else, though she wrote in My Fight [for Birth Control] of Peggy's death that 'I saw the frail strength of her little body slip away' (126) http://birthcontrolreview.net/My%20Fight%20for%20Birth%20Control/Chapter%2009.pdf." http://books.google.com/books?id=yngbAQAAMAAJ&q=%22probably+referring+to+her+daughter,+Peggy+Sanger%22&dq=%22probably+referring+to+her+daughter,+Peggy+Sanger%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=AslqVNqkNMagNsWtg-AC&ved=0CB0Q6AEwAA (MS = Margaret Sanger, TLcy = Typed Letter Carbon Copy, DLC = Library of Congress, ADf = Autograph Draft, LCM = Margaret Sanger Papers Microfilm, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. https://www.google.com/search?q=Margaret+Sanger+Papers+on+microfilm%2C+Library+of+Congress+edition.&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=rcs#rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=rcs&q=Margaret+Sanger+Papers+microfilm%2C+Library+of+Congress https://www.google.com/search?q=Margaret+Sanger+Papers+on+microfilm%2C+Library+of+Congress+edition.&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=rcs#rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&tbm=bks&q=%22When+citing+documents+on+a+microfilm+edition%2C+the+microfilm+abbreviation%22+ https://www.google.com/search?q=Margaret+Sanger+Papers+on+microfilm%2C+Library+of+Congress+edition.&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel=rcs#rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&tbm=bks&q=%22For+those+items+that+also+appear+on+the+Sanger+microfilm%2C+reel+and+frame+citations+follow+the+entry%22+</small>

„Peggy was sleeping. Her pulse was so soft and slow.“

— Margaret Sanger
Context: Peggy was sleeping. Her pulse was so soft and slow. I was unable to realize that the end was near and had my fingers on her ankle to get the pulse when before my eyes arose another Peggy horizontally sleeping [who] rose about a foot or more—fluttering and quivering a moment as if taking leave of its bondage and slowly and majestically [she] soared and floated across the bed and out through the iron closed door... Peggy had left for the great unknown and beyond. This second version of Peggy Sanger's death quoted in Margaret Sanger: A Life of Passion, (2012), Jean H. Baker, Hill and Wang, New York, p. 103. https://www.google.com/#q=%22Peggy+was+sleeping.+Her+pulse+was+so+soft+and+slow%22&tbm=bks

„The most merciful thing that the large family does to one of its infant members is to kill it.“

— Margaret Sanger
Context: Thus we see that the second and third children have a very good chance to live through the first year. Children arriving later have less and less chance, until the twelfth has hardly any chance at all to live twelve months. This does not complete the case, however, for those who care to go farther into the subject will find that many of those who live for a year die before they reach the age of five. Many, perhaps, will think it idle to go farther in demonstrating the immorality of large families, but since there is still an abundance of proof at hand, it may be offered for the sake of those who find difficulty in adjusting old-fashioned ideas to the facts. The most merciful thing that the large family does to one of its infant members is to kill it. The same factors which create the terrible infant mortality rate, and which swell the death rate of children between the ages of one and five, operate even more extensively to lower the health rate of the surviving members. Chapter 5, "The Wickedness of Creating Large Families."

„The ministers work is also important and he should be trained, perhaps by the Federation as to our ideals and the goal that we hope to reach. We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.“

— Margaret Sanger
Commenting on the 'Negro Project' in a letter to Dr. Clarence Gamble, December 10, 1939. http://smithlibraries.org/digital/items/show/495 - Sanger manuscripts, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts. Also described in Linda Gordon's Woman's Body, Woman's Right: A Social History of Birth Control in America. New York: Grossman Publishers, 1976. (Note: There is a different date circulated, e.g. Oct. 19, 1939; but Dec. 10 is the correct date of Mrs. Sanger's letter to Mr. Gamble.)

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„Blacks, soldiers, and Jews are a menace to the race.“

— Margaret Sanger
Unknown source. Often falsely cited as Birth Control Review, April 1933 http://lifedynamics.com/app/uploads/2015/09/1933-04-April.pdf,as in William D. Gairdner, The War Against the Family (1992), p. 464 https://books.google.com/books?id=vZsQ5d_43zEC&pg=PA464. No letters or articles by Sanger appear in that issue. John George, in American Extremists: Militias, Supremacists, Klansmen, Communists & Others (1992), p. 415, describes this quote as "evidently concocted in the late 1980s".

„We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population, if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.“

— Margaret Sanger
Misquoted by Diane S. Dew http://www.dianedew.com/sanger.htm (2001) Omits words from a letter to Dr. Clarence Gamble Sanger proposing the "Negro Project", where Sanger wrote: "And <span style="color:darkgray">we do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population,</span> and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea <span style="color:darkgray">if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.</span>" The quote was similarly misused in "Women, Race, & Class" (12 February 1983) by Angela Davis, where it is implied that that Sanger was organizing an extermination campaign and the minister would be the main propaganda milling machine.

Publicidade

„Eugenic sterilization is an urgent need … We must prevent multiplication of this bad stock.“

— Margaret Sanger
Misquoting Ernst Rudin, "Eugenic Sterilization: An Urgent Need", Birth Control Review, April 1933. http://lifedynamics.com/app/uploads/2015/09/1933-04-April.pdf Actual quote by Rudin: "Not only is it our task to prevent the multiplication of bad stocks, it is also to preserve the well-endowed stocks and to increase the birth-rate of the sound average population."

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