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George Patton

Data de nascimento: 11. Novembro 1885
Data de falecimento: 21. Dezembro 1945
Outros nomes:Georg S. Patton, Джордж Смит Паттон

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George Smith Patton, Jr. foi o general do 3º Exército dos Estados Unidos durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial. Conhecido como "Old Blood and Guts", era amado e odiado pelos seus soldados . Amado por ser considerado um guerreiro nato e odiado pelo fato de ser rígido ao ponto de não admitir que seus soldados sofressem fadiga: "este é um santuário para guerreiros, tirem estes covardes daqui, eles fedem" declarou certa vez sobre internados por fadiga de batalha na tomada de Palermo ao visitar um dos hospitais de campanha montados para receber os feridos.

Foi cotado para ser o líder da operação Overlord, mas perdeu o cargo para o seu então vice-comandante Omar Bradley. Patton, então, comandou o avanço do 3º Exército dos EUA durante os anos de 1944 e 1945, quando seus homens cruzaram a Europa numa velocidade espantosa, libertando cerca de 12 mil cidades e povoados.

Num curto intervalo de tempo percorreram 2 mil quilômetros e reconquistaram 200 mil quilômetros quadrados de território. Patton e sua tropa fizeram 1,2 milhão de prisioneiros, deixando igualmente para trás 386 mil feridos e mais de 144 mil soldados mortos. Em resumo, retiraram de combate mais de 1,8 milhão de soldados inimigos. Estes números tão impressionantes muito se devem a dois dos principais traços da sua personalidade: a capacidade de liderança e a extrema ousadia para ignorar ordens superiores.

Por trás do general sisudo escondia-se um homem de contrastes . De um lado, um herói americano: patriota, casado, pai de duas filhas e dono de um bull terrier chamado Willie. De outro, um homem cheio de extravagâncias: falava francês, fazia poesias e gostava de desenhar seus uniformes, usava uma pistola Colt 45 com cabo revestido de marfim e suas iniciais gravadas em preto, mas xingava "como um caminhoneiro". Acreditava em reencarnação. Jurava ter lutado em Troia, tomado parte das legiões romanas de Júlio César contra Vercingetórix, ter sido o comandante cartaginês Aníbal Barca e ter participado das guerras napoleônicas. Orava de joelhos; como prova de sua religiosidade, pode-se conferir em seu livro autobiográfico, escrito durante as batalhas, intitulado "A guerra que eu vi", que certa vez pediu a um capelão que fizesse uma oração pedindo a Deus que melhorasse o clima, para que assim a operação prevista continuasse em andamento. Como tal oração de fato surtiu o efeito esperado, Patton condecorou o capelão alegando que este tinha "boas relações com Ele lá em cima". Era um dos generais mais ricos do exército dos Estados Unidos e foi graduado pela Academia Militar de West Point. Patton mais tarde seria acusado de acumular relíquias da guerra, tais como um canhão, em sua residência.

Patton, pouco antes do fim da Segunda Grande Guerra Mundial, disse que era preciso atacar os bolcheviques, pois esses iriam "armar" algo . Esse "algo" acabou se transformando na Guerra Fria. Patton pagou por ter uma personalidade que não lhe permitia ficar calado sob quaisquer circunstância. Certa vez disse , referindo-se à guerra, "Deus que me perdoe, mas eu amo isso" enquanto observava juntamente com seus subordinados um recente campo de batalha. Destacava-se dos demais generais, da época e da atualidade, pois frequentemente era visto nos fronts das batalhas. Um dos seus maiores feito foi libertar a 101ª divisão Aerotransportada da floresta de Ardenas, no que ficou conhecido como Cerco de Bastogne, embora os militares desta divisão tenham alegado nunca terem precisado ou pedido sua ajuda para sair de lá .

Citações George Patton

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„Quando quero que meus homens se lembrem de alguma coisa importante, capricho nos palavrões. Pode não soar bem entre um bando de velhinhas, mas ajuda meus soldados.“

—  George Patton
When I want my men to remember something important, to really make it stick, I give it to them double dirty. It may not sound nice to some bunch of little old ladies at an afternoon tea party, but it helps my soldiers to remember. citado em "The unknown Patton"‎ - Página 26-27, Charles M. Province - Hippocrene Books, 1983, ISBN 0882546414, 9780882546414 - 261 páginas

„Sucesso é o impulso com que você pula depois que bateu no fundo.“

—  George Patton
Success is how high you bounce after you hit bottom. citado em "God's Little Devotional Journal for Women‎" - Página 4, Honor Books, David C. Cook - David C. Cook, 2000, ISBN 1562926438, 9781562926434 - 384 páginas

„O objetivo da guerra não é dar a vida por seu país, mas fazer com que o inimigo dê a vida pelo seu.“

—  George Patton
The object of war is not to die for your country but to make the other bastard die for his. citado em "Winner Within Success‎" - Página 185, Pat Riley - Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated, 1993, ISBN 0399139109, 9780399139109 - 271 páginas

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„There are three ways that men get what they want; by planning, by working, and by praying.“

—  George S. Patton
Context: There are three ways that men get what they want; by planning, by working, and by praying. Any great military operation takes careful planning, or thinking. Then you must have well-trained troops to carry it out: that's working. But between the plan and the operation there is always an unknown. That unknown spells defeat or victory, success or failure. It is the reaction of the actors to the ordeal when it actually comes. Some people call that getting the breaks; I call it God. God has His part, or margin in everything, That's where prayer comes in. As quoted in "The True Story of The Patton Prayer" by James H. O'Neill in Review of the News (6 October 1971) http://www.pattonhq.com/prayer.html

„Every man is scared in his first battle. If he says he's not, he's a liar. Some men are cowards but they fight the same as the brave men or they get the hell slammed out of them watching men fight who are just as scared as they are. The real hero is the man who fights even though he is scared.“

—  George S. Patton
Speech to the Third Army (1944), Context: Every man is scared in his first battle. If he says he's not, he's a liar. Some men are cowards but they fight the same as the brave men or they get the hell slammed out of them watching men fight who are just as scared as they are. The real hero is the man who fights even though he is scared. Some men get over their fright in a minute under fire. For some, it takes an hour. For some, it takes days. But a real man will never let his fear of death overpower his honor, his sense of duty to his country, and his innate manhood. Battle is the most magnificent competition in which a human being can indulge. It brings out all that is best and it removes all that is base.

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„It is rather interesting how you get used to death.“

—  George S. Patton
Context: It is rather interesting how you get used to death. I have had to go to inspect the troops in which case you run a very good chance — or I should say a reasonable chance — of being bombed or shot at from the air, and shelled or shot at from the ground. I had the same experience every day which is for the first half-hour the palms of my hands sweat and I feel depressed. Then, if one hits near you, it seems to break the spell and you don't notice them anymore. Going back in the evening over the same ground and at a time when the shelling and bombing are usually heavier, you become so used to it you never think about it. Letter to Frederick Ayers (5 May 1943), published in The Patton Papers 1940-1945 (1996) edited by Martin Blumenson, p. 243

„When I want my men to remember something important, to really make it stick, I give it to them double dirty.“

—  George S. Patton
Context: When I want my men to remember something important, to really make it stick, I give it to them double dirty. It may not sound nice to some bunch of little old ladies at an afternoon tea party, but it helps my soldiers to remember. You can't run an army without profanity; and it has to be eloquent profanity. An army without profanity couldn't fight its way out of a piss-soaked paper bag. … As for the types of comments I make, sometimes I just, By God, get carried away with my own eloquence. Remark to his nephew about his copious profanity, quoted in The Unknown Patton (1983) by Charles M. Province, p. 184

„My men don't dig foxholes. I don't want them to. Foxholes only slow up an offensive. Keep moving. And don't give the enemy time to dig one either.“

—  George S. Patton
Speech to the Third Army (1944), Context: When a man is lying in a shell hole, if he just stays there all day, a German will get to him eventually. The hell with that idea. The hell with taking it. My men don't dig foxholes. I don't want them to. Foxholes only slow up an offensive. Keep moving. And don't give the enemy time to dig one either. We'll win this war, but we'll win it only by fighting and by showing the Germans that we've got more guts than they have; or ever will have. We're not going to just shoot the sons-of-bitches, we're going to rip out their living Goddamned guts and use them to grease the treads of our tanks. We're going to murder those lousy Hun cocksuckers by the bushel-fucking-basket. War is a bloody, killing business. You've got to spill their blood, or they will spill yours. Rip them up the belly. Shoot them in the guts. When shells are hitting all around you and you wipe the dirt off your face and realize that instead of dirt it's the blood and guts of what once was your best friend beside you, you'll know what to do!

„Men, this stuff that some sources sling around about America wanting out of this war, not wanting to fight, is a crock of bullshit. Americans love to fight, traditionally.“

—  George S. Patton
Speech to the Third Army (1944), Context: Men, this stuff that some sources sling around about America wanting out of this war, not wanting to fight, is a crock of bullshit. Americans love to fight, traditionally. All real Americans love the sting and clash of battle. You are here today for three reasons. First, because you are here to defend your homes and your loved ones. Second, you are here for your own self respect, because you would not want to be anywhere else. Third, you are here because you are real men and all real men like to fight.

„So as through a glass, and darkly
The age long strife I see
Where I fought in many guises,
Many names, but always me.“

—  George S. Patton
Through A Glass, Darkly (1918), Context: So as through a glass, and darkly The age long strife I see Where I fought in many guises, Many names, but always me. And I see not in my blindness What the objects were I wrought, But as God rules o'er our bickerings It was through His will I fought. So forever in the future, Shall I battle as of yore, Dying to be born a fighter, But to die again, once more.

„Pushing means fewer casualties. I want you all to remember that.“

—  George S. Patton
Speech to the Third Army (1944), Context: From time to time there will be some complaints that we are pushing our people too hard. I don't give a good Goddamn about such complaints. I believe in the old and sound rule that an ounce of sweat will save a gallon of blood. The harder we push, the more Germans we will kill. The more Germans we kill, the fewer of our men will be killed. Pushing means fewer casualties. I want you all to remember that.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“