Frases de Cyrus H. Gordon

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Cyrus H. Gordon

Data de nascimento: 29. Junho 1908
Data de falecimento: 30. Março 2001

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Cyrus Herzl Gordon was an American scholar of Near Eastern cultures and ancient languages.

Citações Cyrus H. Gordon

„For centuries scholars have been forced to grapple with the problem of accounting for the parallels between Greek literature and the Bible“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: For centuries scholars have been forced to grapple with the problem of accounting for the parallels between Greek literature and the Bible. Did Greece borrow from Israel? Or did Israel borrow from Greece? Can the parallels be accidental, do they obliterate the uniqueness of both Israel and Greece? Introduction

„The conquerors were the fighting and ruling stratum; the conquered natives were degraded to the labouring class.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The warriors who constituted the aristocracy were awarded land grants to recompense them for their share in conquering the country. Both in Greece and in Israel, the theory of society was basically the same. The conquerors were the fighting and ruling stratum; the conquered natives were degraded to the labouring class. In Sparta the latter were called Helots. In Israel the Canaanites were the "hewers of wood and the drawers of water." Ch.VII Further Observations on Homer <!-- p.241, 1965 paper -->

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„The Greeks viewed the Mediterranean not as a barrier but as a network of routes connecting people who dwelt along its shores.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The Greeks viewed the Mediterranean not as a barrier but as a network of routes connecting people who dwelt along its shores. This is familiar to any student of Greece.... the Hebrews express themselves similarly in passages like Psalm 8: 9 ("crossing the paths of the seas"). Introduction

„How fortunate is this generation to live at a time when the sources of our culture—sacred and profane—are illuminated in a brighter light of history than our forefathers imagined possible!“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: While Ugarit is revolutionizing the problem of Old Testament origins, the Dead Sea scrolls are doing the same for the New Testament. How fortunate is this generation to live at a time when the sources of our culture—sacred and profane—are illuminated in a brighter light of history than our forefathers imagined possible! Introduction

„If archeology had yielded only the Epic of Kret, we would have enough to bridge the gap between the Iliad and Genesis. But... our new sources are so rich that we have only begun“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: If archeology had yielded only the Epic of Kret, we would have enough to bridge the gap between the Iliad and Genesis. But... our new sources are so rich that we have only begun... The years ahead bid fair to be the most fruitful in the annals of Classical and Biblical scholarship. Our debt to the Bible and Classics is so great that this type of research will deepen our understanding of our culture and of ourselves. Ch.VIII Further Observations on the Bible

„The function of reciting (actually chanting—for Scripture and national epic were sung, not read) Pentateuch and Homer at national reunions is the same in both cases. The narrative knits the segments of the nation together telling how they achieved their place in history in the course of a great event (The Exodus or the Trojan War). All of the tribes and their leaders are heroic.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The function of reciting (actually chanting—for Scripture and national epic were sung, not read) Pentateuch and Homer at national reunions is the same in both cases. The narrative knits the segments of the nation together telling how they achieved their place in history in the course of a great event (The Exodus or the Trojan War). All of the tribes and their leaders are heroic. The text brings in each tribe by name.... there must be an honoured place for all. Ch.VIII Further Observations on the Bible

„The older cultures did not develop the concept of canonical writings.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The older cultures did not develop the concept of canonical writings. There is no Bible in Egypt or Mesopotamia. Neither country had a collection of sacred writings that excluded other writings from comparable status.... there was never an official "Book of the Dead" in Egypt. Ch.VIII Further Observations on the Bible

„The ancient theory of heroic genealogy... reflects paternity at two levels: human and divine.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The ancient theory of heroic genealogy... reflects paternity at two levels: human and divine. A man's inheritance comes from his human father, but his qualitative superiority among mortals comes from his divine father. When Odysseus is called Zeus-born (diognēs) this does not mean that the poet has forgotten... that he is the son of human Laertes.... Zeus is often described as impregnating noble ladies, not so much to gratify his lust for women, but because divine parentage was a necessity among the claims of the aristocracy. Odysseus is a superhuman because he is diogenēs; but he is king of Ithaca because of his human father Laertes. Jesus is divine because of his heavenly Father; but he derives his kingship of the Jews from the mortal Joseph, who was heir to the throne (Matthew I). While normative Judaism has has tried to strip the Old Testament of this phenomenon, vestiges have nevertheless remained in the text. Ch.VII Further Observations on Homer <!-- p.244, 1965 paper -->

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„Epic poetry is divinely inspired“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: Epic poetry is divinely inspired (Iliad I: I) and as such is just as true as oracles, and for the same reason. It is no accident that oracles (such as those at Delphi) were enunciated in the same dactylic hexameter as the epic. Ch.VII Further Observations on Homer <!-- p.224, 1965 paper -->

„The prevailing view is simply that the Judges were inspired, not hereditary leaders. But this misses the point; the Judges were normally from the ruling aristocracy, quite like the kings in Homer.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The prevailing view is simply that the Judges were inspired, not hereditary leaders. But this misses the point; the Judges were normally from the ruling aristocracy, quite like the kings in Homer.... The kings did not necessarily inherit rulership from their fathers but sometimes did, like Odysseus from Laertes, or Abimelech from Gideon.... the kings came from the fighting and landed aristocracy... Ch.VIII Further Observations on the Bible

„Music was an art fostered by the mightiest of heroes.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: Music was an art fostered by the mightiest of heroes. Achilles is represented as entertaining himself with his lyre. (Iliad 9: 185-6). We compare David, the warrior skilled in poetry, singing and musical instruments. Ch.VII Further Observations on Homer <!-- p.225, 1965 paper -->

„Isaac was conceived through divine agency. Like the Mycenaean Greek heroes, Isaac could claim paternity at two levels; the human and the divine.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: Scripture makes it clear that unlike the conceptions of Abraham and of Jacob, Isaac was conceived through divine agency. Like the Mycenaean Greek heroes, Isaac could claim paternity at two levels; the human and the divine.... Normative Judaism has divested itself of this approach to the paternity of heroes, in spite of the tell-tale text in Genesis. Midrash does not hesitate to call Moses half-god and half-man.... The Church tradition that connects the sacrifice of Isaac with the sacrifice of Christ apparently rests on a sound exegesis, for the sacrifice of Isaac would have meant not only the sacrifice of Abraham's son but of God's. Ch.VIII Further Observations on the Bible

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„Our debt to the Bible and Classics is so great that this type of research will deepen our understanding of our culture and of ourselves.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: If archeology had yielded only the Epic of Kret, we would have enough to bridge the gap between the Iliad and Genesis. But... our new sources are so rich that we have only begun... The years ahead bid fair to be the most fruitful in the annals of Classical and Biblical scholarship. Our debt to the Bible and Classics is so great that this type of research will deepen our understanding of our culture and of ourselves. Ch.VIII Further Observations on the Bible

„If the entire aristocracy is of divine descent, Zeus (or El) cannot save the human son without upsetting the order of things.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: If the entire aristocracy is of divine descent, Zeus (or El) cannot save the human son without upsetting the order of things.... Hera reminds Zeus that many sons of gods are fighting around Troy, and that if Zeus spares his son, other gods will do the same for their sons, so that the earthly system will cease (Iliad 16: 445-449) Ch.VII Further Observations on Homer <!-- p.245, 1965 paper -->

„The ancients were not as denominationally minded as we in matters of their clergy. They were more concerned with obtaining services of a bona fide professional“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: The ancients were not as denominationally minded as we in matters of their clergy. They were more concerned with obtaining services of a bona fide professional member of a priestley guild who was qualified to intercede between mortals and immortals, than with finding a religious leader whose sole qualification was like-mindedness. Ch.VII Further Observations on Homer <!-- p.256, 1965 paper -->

„It has been said that the Bedouin Arab is a parasite that lives on the camel, and this to a great extent is true.“

—  Cyrus H. Gordon
Context: It has been said that the Bedouin Arab is a parasite that lives on the camel, and this to a great extent is true. It is the camel that carries him about; it is the camel's hair that supplies him with both his clothes and his tent; the camel's dung is the fuel of the desert; it is the camel's meat that supplies food for his banquets; the camel's milk is his beverage; and I could go on enumerating the basic gifts of the camel to his Arab master. Ch.1 Exploring Edom and Moab

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