Frases de Claude Lévi-Strauss

Claude Lévi-Strauss photo
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Claude Lévi-Strauss

Data de nascimento: 28. Novembro 1908
Data de falecimento: 30. Outubro 2009

Claude Lévi-Strauss Foi um antropólogo, professor e filósofo belga. É considerado fundador da antropologia estruturalista, em meados da década de 1950, e um dos grandes intelectuais do século XX, porém suas ideias são muito diferentes do pensamento da época em que viveu, rompem com a ideia de que indíos são somente indíos, não concordava com a divisão em civilizados e selvagens ou a divisão em superiores e inferiores, além do possuir um maior pensar ambientalista radical, por mais que sua teoria seja interpretada com base aos olhares de intelectuais com o pensamento marxista pós-Guerra Fria do Século XXI, ideias assim só apareceram a partir do final da Década de 1960 com o aparecimento da contracultura marxista cultural e ambientalista radical, embora as obras de Lévi-Strauss vejam os índios do Cerrado de forma "eurocêntrica" ou "colonialista" em certo ponto.

Professor honorário do Collège de France, ali ocupou a cátedra de antropologia social de 1959 a 1982. Foi também membro da Academia Francesa - o primeiro a atingir os 100 anos de idade.

Desde seus primeiros trabalhos sobre os índios do Brasil Central, que estudou em campo, no período de 1935 a 1939, e a publicação de sua tese As estruturas elementares do parentesco, em 1949, publicou uma extensa obra, reconhecida internacionalmente.

Dedicou uma tetralogia, as Mitológicas, ao estudo dos mitos, mas publicou também obras que escapam do enquadramento estrito dos estudos acadêmicos - dentre as quais o famoso Tristes Trópicos, publicado em 1955, que o tornou conhecido e apreciado por um vasto círculo de leitores.

Obras

O Cru e o Cozido
Claude Lévi-Strauss

Citações Claude Lévi-Strauss

„A ciência por si só é incapaz de responder todas as perguntas e, apesar de seu desenvolvimento, ela nunca vai.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss

La science est incapable de répondre à toutes les questions et, malgré son développement, elle ne le sera jamais
citado em "Études‎" - Volume 338 http://books.google.com.br/books?&id=YPAIAQAAIAAJ, Página 816, Jesuits - 1973

„Cada história é acompanhada por um número indeterminado de anti-histórias, cada uma das quais é complementar a outros.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss

"O pensamento selvagem‎" - página 290, de Claude Lévi-Strauss, tradução de Tânia Pellegrini - Papirus Editora, 1970, 5a ed., ISBN 8530800834, 9788530800833 - 331 páginas

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„The entire village left the next day in about thirty canoes, leaving us alone with the women and children in the abandoned houses.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss

Le village entier partit le lendemain dans une trentaine de pirogues, nous laissant seuls avec les femmes et les enfants dans les maisons abandonnées.
Notes in an early work, often cited as an extreme example of androcentrism, even among leading anthropologists, " Contribution à l'étude de l'organisation sociale des Indiens Bororo http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/jsa_0037-9174_1936_num_28_2_1942?_Prescripts_Search_tabs1=standard&" (1936) p. 283

„The first thing we see as we travel round the world is our own filth, thrown into the face of mankind.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Chapter 4 : The Quest for Power, p. 38
Contexto: The order and harmony of the Western world, its most famous achievement, and a laboratory in which structures of a complexity as yet unknown are being fashioned, demand the elimination of a prodigious mass of noxious by-products which now contaminate the globe. The first thing we see as we travel round the world is our own filth, thrown into the face of mankind.

„Adventure has no place in the anthropologists profession; it is merely one of those unavoidable drawbacks, which detract from his effective work through the incidental loss of weeks or months“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Ch. 1 : Setting Out, p. 17
Contexto: I hate travelling and explorers. Yet here I am proposing to tell the story of my expeditions. But how long it has taken me to make up my mind to do so! It is now fifteen years since I left Brazil for the last time and all during this period I have often planned to undertake the present work but on each occasion a sort of shame and repugnance prevented me from making a start. Why, I asked myself, should I give a detailed account of so many trivial circumstances and insignificant happenings? Adventure has no place in the anthropologists profession; it is merely one of those unavoidable drawbacks, which detract from his effective work through the incidental loss of weeks or months; there are hours of inaction when the informant is not available; periods of hunger, exhaustion, sickness perhaps; and always the thousand and one dreary tasks which eat away the days to no purpose and reduce dangerous living in the heart of the virgin forest to an imitation of military service … The fact that so much effort and expenditure has to be wasted on reaching the object of our studies bestows no value on that aspect of our profession, and should be seen rather as its negative side. The truths which we seek so far afield only become valid when we have separated them from this dross.

„The idea behind structuralism is that there are things we may not know but we can learn how they are related to each other.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss

As quoted in his obituary, Daily Telegraph (4 November 2009) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/science-obituaries/6496558/Claude-Levi-Strauss.html
Contexto: The idea behind structuralism is that there are things we may not know but we can learn how they are related to each other. This has been used by science since it existed and can be extended to a few other studies — linguistics and mythology — but certainly not to everything.
The great speculative structures are made to be broken. There is not one of them that can hope to last more than a few decades, or at most a century or two.

„Our system is the height of absurdity, since we treat the culprit both as a child, so as to have the right to punish him, and as an adult, in order to deny him consolation; and we believe we have made great spiritual progress because, instead of eating a few of our fellow-men, we subject them to physical and moral mutilation.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Chapter 38 : A Little Glass of Rum, pp.388-389
Contexto: Logically, the "infantilization" of the culprit implied by the notion of punishment demands that he should have a corresponding right to a reward, in the absence of which the initial procedure will prove ineffective and may even lead to results contrary to those that were hoped for. Our system is the height of absurdity, since we treat the culprit both as a child, so as to have the right to punish him, and as an adult, in order to deny him consolation; and we believe we have made great spiritual progress because, instead of eating a few of our fellow-men, we subject them to physical and moral mutilation.

„Not only does a journey transport us over enormous distances, it also causes us to move a few degrees up or down in the social scale.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Chapter 9 : Guanabara, p. 86
Contexto: Not only does a journey transport us over enormous distances, it also causes us to move a few degrees up or down in the social scale. It displaces us physically and also — for better or for worse — takes us out of our class context, so that the colour and flavour of certain places cannot be dissociated from the always unexpected social level on which we find ourselves in experiencing them.

„While I complain of being able to glimpse no more than the shadow of the past, I may be insensitive to reality as it is taking shape at this very moment, since I have not reached the stage of development at which I would be capable of perceiving it.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Chapter 4 : The Quest for Power, p. 43
Contexto: While I complain of being able to glimpse no more than the shadow of the past, I may be insensitive to reality as it is taking shape at this very moment, since I have not reached the stage of development at which I would be capable of perceiving it. A few hundred years hence, in this same place, another traveller, as despairing as myself, will mourn the disappearance of what I might have seen, but failed to see.

„I hate travelling and explorers.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Ch. 1 : Setting Out, p. 17
Contexto: I hate travelling and explorers. Yet here I am proposing to tell the story of my expeditions. But how long it has taken me to make up my mind to do so! It is now fifteen years since I left Brazil for the last time and all during this period I have often planned to undertake the present work but on each occasion a sort of shame and repugnance prevented me from making a start. Why, I asked myself, should I give a detailed account of so many trivial circumstances and insignificant happenings? Adventure has no place in the anthropologists profession; it is merely one of those unavoidable drawbacks, which detract from his effective work through the incidental loss of weeks or months; there are hours of inaction when the informant is not available; periods of hunger, exhaustion, sickness perhaps; and always the thousand and one dreary tasks which eat away the days to no purpose and reduce dangerous living in the heart of the virgin forest to an imitation of military service … The fact that so much effort and expenditure has to be wasted on reaching the object of our studies bestows no value on that aspect of our profession, and should be seen rather as its negative side. The truths which we seek so far afield only become valid when we have separated them from this dross.

„The police are not entrusted with a mission which differentiates them from those they serve.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Chapter 37 : The Apotheosis of Augustus, p. 378
Contexto: The police are not entrusted with a mission which differentiates them from those they serve. Being unconcerned with ultimate purposes, they are inseparable from the persons and interests of their masters, and shine with their reflected glory.

„The truths which we seek so far afield only become valid when we have separated them from this dross.“

—  Claude Lévi-Strauss, livro Tristes Tropiques

Fonte: Tristes Tropiques (1955), Ch. 1 : Setting Out, p. 17
Contexto: I hate travelling and explorers. Yet here I am proposing to tell the story of my expeditions. But how long it has taken me to make up my mind to do so! It is now fifteen years since I left Brazil for the last time and all during this period I have often planned to undertake the present work but on each occasion a sort of shame and repugnance prevented me from making a start. Why, I asked myself, should I give a detailed account of so many trivial circumstances and insignificant happenings? Adventure has no place in the anthropologists profession; it is merely one of those unavoidable drawbacks, which detract from his effective work through the incidental loss of weeks or months; there are hours of inaction when the informant is not available; periods of hunger, exhaustion, sickness perhaps; and always the thousand and one dreary tasks which eat away the days to no purpose and reduce dangerous living in the heart of the virgin forest to an imitation of military service … The fact that so much effort and expenditure has to be wasted on reaching the object of our studies bestows no value on that aspect of our profession, and should be seen rather as its negative side. The truths which we seek so far afield only become valid when we have separated them from this dross.

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