Frases de Calvin Coolidge

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Calvin Coolidge

Data de nascimento: 4. Julho 1872
Data de falecimento: 5. Janeiro 1933

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John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. foi o 30º presidente dos Estados Unidos. Um advogado Republicano de Vermont, Coolidge aos poucos subiu na política de Massachusetts até tornar-se governador. Sua conduta durante a Greve dos Policiais de Boston em 1919 lhe deu proeminência nacional e uma reputação de homem de medidas decisivas. Pouco depois, em 1920, ele foi eleito o 29º vice-presidente dos Estados Unidos, ascendendo à presidência após a repentina morte do presidente Warren G. Harding em 1923. Reeleito em 1924, ele ganhou a reputação de conservador e de alguém de poucas palavras.

Coolidge restaurou a confiança do público na Casa Branca após os escândalos que marcaram a administração de seu antecessor, deixando o cargo com certa popularidade. Como um de seus biógrafos escreveu, "Ele incorporava os espíritos e esperanças da classe média, conseguia interpretar seus anseios e expressar suas opiniões. A prova mais convincente de sua força foi que ele representou o gênio da média". Coolidge elogiou em 1928 a conquista da prosperidade generalizada, dizendo "Os requisitos de existência passaram além do padrão de necessidade para a região de luxo". Alguns posteriormente o criticaram como parte de um governo laissez-faire. Sua reputação ressurgiu durante a presidência de Ronald Reagan, porém a avaliação decisiva de sua administração ainda está dividida entre aqueles que aprovam sua redução dos programas governamentais e aqueles que acreditam que seu governo deveria ter se envolvido mais na regulação e controle da economia.

Citações Calvin Coolidge

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„Instead, we are able now to be confident that this race is to be preserved for a great and useful work. If some of its members have suffered, if some have been denied, if some have been sacrificed, we are able at last to realize that their sacrifices were borne in a great cause. They gave vicariously, that a vastly greater number might be preserved and benefited through them. The salvation of a race, the destiny of a continent, were bought at the price of these sacrifices.“

— Calvin Coolidge
Context: In such a view of the history of the Negro race in America, we may find the evidences that the black man's probation on this continent was a necessary part in a great plan by which the race was to be saved to the world for a service which we are now able to vision and, even if yet somewhat dimly, to appreciate. The destiny of the great African continent, to be added at length — and in a future not now far beyond us — to the realms of the highest civilization, has become apparent within a very few decades. But for the strange and long inscrutable purpose which in the ordering of human affairs subjected a part of the black race to the ordeal of slavery, that race might have been assigned to the tragic fate which has befallen many aboriginal peoples when brought into conflict with more advanced communities. Instead, we are able now to be confident that this race is to be preserved for a great and useful work. If some of its members have suffered, if some have been denied, if some have been sacrificed, we are able at last to realize that their sacrifices were borne in a great cause. They gave vicariously, that a vastly greater number might be preserved and benefited through them. The salvation of a race, the destiny of a continent, were bought at the price of these sacrifices.

„Our American government was the result of an effort to establish institutions under which the people as a whole should have the largest possible advantages. Class and privilege were outlawed, freedom and opportunity were guaranteed. They undertook to provide conditions under which service would be adequately rewarded, and where the people would own their own property and control their own government. They had no other motive. They were actuated by no other purpose.“

— Calvin Coolidge
Context: Our American government was the result of an effort to establish institutions under which the people as a whole should have the largest possible advantages. Class and privilege were outlawed, freedom and opportunity were guaranteed. They undertook to provide conditions under which service would be adequately rewarded, and where the people would own their own property and control their own government. They had no other motive. They were actuated by no other purpose. If we are to maintain what they established, it is important to understand the foundation on which they built, and the claims by which they justified the sovereign rights and royal estate of every American citizen.

„We need to keep our minds free from prejudice and bias“

— Calvin Coolidge
Context: The great difficulty in combating unfair propaganda, or even in recognizing it, arises from the fact* that at the present time we confront so many new and technical problems that it is an enormous task to keep ourselves accurately informed concerning them. In this respect, you gentlemen of the press face the same perplexities that are encountered by legislators and government administrators. Whoever deals with current public questions is compelled to rely greatly upon the information and judgments of experts and specialists. Unfortunately, not all experts are to be trusted as entirely disinterested. Not all specialists are completely without guile. In our increasing dependence on specialized authority, we tend to become easier victims for the propagandists, and need to cultivate sedulously the habit of the open mind. No doubt every generation feels that its problems are the most intricate and baffling that have ever been presented for solution. But with all recognition of the disposition to exaggerate in this respect, I think we can fairly say that our times in all their social and economic aspects are more complex than any past period. We need to keep our minds free from prejudice and bias. Of education, and of real information we cannot get too much. But of propaganda, which is tainted or perverted information, we cannot have too little.

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