Frases de Burrhus frederic Skinner

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Burrhus frederic Skinner

Data de nascimento: 20. Março 1904
Data de falecimento: 18. Agosto 1990
Outros nomes: ಬಿ.ಎಫ‍್.ಸ್ಕಿನ್ನರ್

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Burrhus Frederic Skinner foi autor e psicólogo americano.

Conduziu trabalhos pioneiros em psicologia experimental e foi o propositor do behaviorismo radical , abordagem que busca entender o comportamento em função das inter-relações entre a filogenética, o ambiente e a história de vida do suposto individuo.

A base do trabalho de Skinner refere-se a compreensão do comportamento humano através do comportamento operante .

O trabalho de Skinner é o complemento, e o coroamento de uma escola psicológica. Skinner adotava práticas experimentais derivadas de física e outras ciências.

Outros importantes estudos do autor referem-se ao comportamento verbal humano e a aprendizagem.

Citações Burrhus frederic Skinner

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„I did not direct my life. I didn’t design it. I never made decisions. Things always came up and made them for me.“

—  B.F. Skinner
Context: I did not direct my life. I didn’t design it. I never made decisions. Things always came up and made them for me. That’s what life is. As quoted in "Unpacking the Skinner Box : Revisiting B. F. Skinner through a Postformal Lens" by Dana Salter in The Praeger Handbook of Education and Psychology Vol. 4 (2008) edited by Joe L. Kincheloe and Raymond A. Horn, Ch. 99, p. 872.

„It is the teacher's function to contrive conditions under which students learn. Their relevance to a future usefulness need not be obvious.“

—  B.F. Skinner
Context: Many instructional arrangements seem "contrived", but there is nothing wrong with that. It is the teacher's function to contrive conditions under which students learn. Their relevance to a future usefulness need not be obvious. It is a difficult assignment. The conditions the teacher arranges must be powerful enough to compete with those under which the student tends to behave in distracting ways. "Free and Happy Student" in The Phi Delta Kappan (September 1973); later published in Reflections on Behaviorism and Society (1978).

„We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading.“

—  B.F. Skinner
Context: We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading. Knowing the contents of a few works of literature is a trivial achievement. Being inclined to go on reading is a great achievement. As quoted in B. F. Skinner : The Man and His Ideas (1968) by Richard Isadore Evans, p. 73.

„Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten.“

—  B.F. Skinner
"New methods and new aims in teaching", in New Scientist, 22(392) (21 May 1964), pp.483-4.

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