Frases de Ali ibn abi Talib

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Ali ibn abi Talib

Data de nascimento: 15. Setembro 601
Data de falecimento: 29. Janeiro 661

Ali ibne Abi Talibe foi o quarto califa ou sucessor de Maomé, segundo os muçulmanos sunitas, e o primeiro califa segundo os muçulmanos xiitas. Nascido em Meca, seu pai, Abu Talibe, era tio do Profeta. Ali foi adoptado e educado por Maomé, passando cerca de 30 anos aos cuidados do profeta. Ele foi o primeiro a crer no Islão, juntamente com a esposa do Profeta, Cadija. Ali é conhecido pela sua bravura, humildade, fé e sabedoria. Ali foi o único homem a nascer dentro da Caaba .Ali participou de quase todas as batalhas que a comunidade islâmica inicial enfrentou. Depois de migrar para Medina casou-se com a filha de Maomé, Fátima Azar, a partir de onde se dá a descendência do profeta. Quando Maomé faleceu, Ali cuidou de todos os preparativos de seu enterro. Ali, ainda jovem, foi um dos candidatos à sua sucessão. O direito de Ali a suceder o Profeta é reivindicado pelos muçulmanos xiitas, os quais entendem que ele teria sido publicamente nomeado por Maomé como seu sucessor e o seguiram como primeiro califa, em um dia que ficou conhecido como Ghadir Khumm .

Ali de fato tornou-se califa em 656, após a morte de Uthman ibn Affan. Teve que enfrentar uma guerra civil e em 661 foi atacado e assassinado enquanto fazia suas orações na Grande Mesquita de Kufa.

== Referências == Wikipedia

Citações Ali ibn abi Talib

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„O son of Adam, when you see that your Lord, the Glorified, bestows His Favors on you while you disobey Him, you should fear Him“

—  Ali, livro Nahj al-Balagha

take warning that His Wrath may not turn those very blessings into misfortunes
Nahj al-Balagha

„Grief is half of old age.“

—  Ali, livro Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„Death is never very far.“

—  Ali, livro Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha

„Islam does not mean mere faith, but faith plus deeds“

—  Ali, livro Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha
Contexto: I define Islam for you in a way that nobody dared do it before me. Islam means obedience to Allah, obedience to Allah means having sincere faith in Him, such a faith means to believe in His Power, belief in His Power means recognizing and accepting His Majesty, acceptance of His Majesty means fulfilling the obligations laid down by Him and fulfillment of obligations means actions (Therefore, Islam does not mean mere faith, but faith plus deeds).

„I am less than what you tell about me but more than what you think about me“

—  Ali, livro Nahj al-Balagha

Nahj al-Balagha
Contexto: A man sarcastically started praising Imam Ali, though he had no faith in him and Imam Ali hearing these praises from him said "I am less than what you tell about me but more than what you think about me."

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„Reciter and listener of the Qur'an are alike in prize and reward.“

—  Ali

Husayn al-Nuri al-Tabarsi, Mustadrak al-Wasā'il, vol. 4, p. 261
Regarding the Qur'an

„Beware! By Allah the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) dressed himself with it (the caliphate) and he certainly knew that my position in relation to it was the same as the position of the axis in relation to the hand-mill. The flood water flows down from me and the bird cannot fly upto me. I put a curtain against the caliphate and kept myself detached from it.
Then I began to think whether I should assault or endure calmly the blinding darkness of tribulations wherein the grown up are made feeble and the young grow old and the true believer acts under strain till he meets Allah (on his death). I found that endurance thereon was wiser. So I adopted patience although there was pricking in the eye and suffocation (of mortification) in the throat. I watched the plundering of my inheritance till the first one went his way but handed over the Caliphate to Ibn al-Khattab after himself.
(Then he quoted al-A`sha's verse):
My days are now passed on the camel's back (in difficulty) while there were days (of ease) when I enjoyed the company of Jabir's brother Hayyan.
It is strange that during his lifetime he wished to be released from the caliphate but he confirmed it for the other one after his death. No doubt these two shared its udders strictly among themselves. This one put the Caliphate in a tough enclosure where the utterance was haughty and the touch was rough. Mistakes were in plenty and so also the excuses therefore. One in contact with it was like the rider of an unruly camel. If he pulled up its rein the very nostril would be slit, but if he let it loose he would be thrown. Consequently, by Allah people got involved in recklessness, wickedness, unsteadiness and deviation.
Nevertheless, I remained patient despite length of period and stiffness of trial, till when he went his way (of death) he put the matter (of Caliphate) in a group and regarded me to be one of them. But good Heavens! what had I to do with this "consultation"? Where was any doubt about me with regard to the first of them that I was now considered akin to these ones? But I remained low when they were low and flew high when they flew high. One of them turned against me because of his hatred and the other got inclined the other way due to his in-law relationship and this thing and that thing, till the third man of these people stood up with heaving breasts between his dung and fodder. With him his children of his grand-father, (Umayyah) also stood up swallowing up Allah's wealth like a camel devouring the foliage of spring, till his rope broke down, his actions finished him and his gluttony brought him down prostrate.
At that moment, nothing took me by surprise, but the crowd of people rushing to me. It advanced towards me from every side like the mane of the hyena so much so that Hasan and Husayn were getting crushed and both the ends of my shoulder garment were torn. They collected around me like the herd of sheep and goats. When I took up the reins of government one party broke away and another turned disobedient while the rest began acting wrongfully as if they had not heard the word of Allah saying:
That abode in the hereafter, We assign it for those who intend not to exult themselves in the earth, nor (to make) mischief (therein); and the end is (best) for the pious ones. (Qur'an, 28:83)
Yes, by Allah, they had heard it and understood it but the world appeared glittering in their eyes and its embellishments seduced them. Behold, by Him who split the grain (to grow) and created living beings, if people had not come to me and supporters had not exhausted the argument and if there had been no pledge of Allah with the learned to the effect that they should not acquiesce in the gluttony of the oppressor and the hunger of the oppressed I would have cast the rope of Caliphate on its own shoulders, and would have given the last one the same treatment as to the first one. Then you would have seen that in my view this world of yours is no better than the sneezing of a goat.“

—  Ali, livro Nahj al-Balagha

Known as the Sermon of ash-Shiqshiqiyyah (roar of the camel), It is said that when Amir al-mu'minin reached here in his sermon a man of Iraq stood up and handed him over a writing. Amir al-mu'minin began looking at it, when Ibn `Abbas said, "O' Amir al-mu'minin, I wish you resumed your Sermon from where you broke it." Thereupon he replied, "O' Ibn `Abbas it was like the foam of a Camel which gushed out but subsided." Ibn `Abbas says that he never grieved over any utterance as he did over this one because Amir al-mu'minin could not finish it as he wished to.
Nahj al-Balagha

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