Frases de A. J. Muste

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A. J. Muste

Data de nascimento: 8. Janeiro 1885
Data de falecimento: 11. Fevereiro 1967

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Abraham Johannes Muste was a Dutch-born American clergyman and political activist. Muste is best remembered for his work in the labor movement, pacifist movement, antiwar movement, and the Civil Rights Movement.

Citações A. J. Muste

„Do good to them that hate you" (an exhortation presumably intended for the capitalist as well as for the laborer), another statement of the same rule is, "They that sow the wind shall reap the whirlwind."“

— A. J. Muste
Context: The psychological basis for the use of nonviolent methods is the simple rule that like produces like, kindness provokes kindness, as surely as injustice produces resentment and evil. It is sometimes forgotten by those whose pacifism is a spurious, namby-pamby thing that if one Biblical statement of this rule is "Do good to them that hate you" (an exhortation presumably intended for the capitalist as well as for the laborer), another statement of the same rule is, "They that sow the wind shall reap the whirlwind." You get from the universe what you give, with interest! What if men build a system on violence and injustice, on not doing good to those who hate them nor even to those who meekly obey and toil for them? And persist in this course through centuries of Christian history? And if, then, the oppressed raise the chant:

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„There is no way to peace; peace is the way.“

— A. J. Muste
As quoted in "Debasing Dissent" in The New York Times (16 November 1967), p. 46; later quoted as "There is no way to peace, peace is the only way." in The Peasant's Revolt : McCarthy 1968 (1969) by William P. McDonald and Jerry G. Smoke: these statements have also become widely attributed to Mahatma Gandhi.

„In a world built on violence, one must be a revolutionary before one can be a pacifist.“

— A. J. Muste
As quoted in American Power and the New Mandarins (2002) by Noam Chomsky, p. 160.

„The problem after a war is the victor. He thinks he has just proved that war and violence pay. Who will now teach him a lesson?“

— A. J. Muste
Statement of 1941, as quoted in A People's History (1980) by Howard Zinn, p. 416; also in The Twentieth Century : A People's History (2003) by Howard Zinn, p. 159.

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„Educational enterprises do not for any length of time remain immune from the struggle of interests for [[power which is the dominant feature of social life under a class system.“

— A. J. Muste
[http://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/muste/1935/12/workereduc.htm "Some Notes on Workers’ Education" in New International, Vol.2, No.7] (December 1935), p. 225.